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GCSE: USA 1941-80
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Explain the reasons why the civil rights movement has failed to achieve in practice, equal rights for black people In the U.S.A.
As time went on, black people flourished and began to become famous and become icons in the eyes of the world like Colin Powell, Michael Jordan, Jesse Jones, Mohammed Ali, Bill Cosby, Oprah Winefry, Michael and Janet Jackson, Tina Turner, Will Smith, Carl Lewis and Tupac Shakur. These were all famous in their own ways, proving that blacks were achieving fame and being appreciated in the world but it took determination and support to let these people reach their heights.
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The newspaper also explains that Mandela promised to break the law to end the country's state of emergency and apartheid system. The newspaper also states that talks between the government and ANC will eventually take place. It also states that Mandela and the blacks will make no deal until apartheid has been completely abolished and equality throughout the country is present no matter the colour of the skin. Apartheid is a system were different races were kept segregated. The system of Apartheid came to place in South Africa because of whites feeling superior to blacks and they wanted this to be apparent in every day life.
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The America civil war was a major turning point for the black slaves. Many had fought for America in the war and when it eventually came to a halt believed they deserved greater rights. In 1865 the 13th amendment was passed, this abolished slavery throughout the USA and was followed by the south's reconstruction period. 1968 brought with it the 14th amendment. This stated that blacks ere citizens and authorized federal government intervention if any state abridged citizens rights. The 15th amendment gave blacks voting rights.
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" Hi grandpa, how are you today," Joe inquired. "I'm okay, I could be better, I've been thinking a lot over the last couple of nights about the good times in my life but there is one thing that will stay in my mind is the time I spent in world war one, the most horrific experience of my life. However much I try not to think of it the more I can't stop thinking about it. So I want to tell the story of my time in world war one, is that okay?"
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Whether or not the civil rights movement has achieved equal rights for black people in USA and if so, to what extent.
However, these blacks were constantly living in the fear that they could once again be taken into slavery. Most blacks had now been freed, yet they were not compensated for past labours, leaving them jobless and almost pennyless. Many "white supremacy" organisations such as the Ku Klux Klan were formed solely to intimidate the black population. Public lynchings and public beatings became common place and very rarely was anything done about it in the courts as it was supported by many officials. After slavery was abolished, many years of black campaigning followed and gradually, the campaigning became more and more succesful.
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This was the campaign that planted the seeds of the civil rights movement in the 50's and 60's. Organised, united, peaceful, non-violent protest won many victories between 1945 and 1965. The Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1954 is a prime example of this. This was when Negroes in Montgomery, Alabama boycotted the busses to try and force them to de-segregate. 75% of the riders were Negro so when they all decided to boycott the bus company, it lost huge amounts of business. It came about after Rosa Parks was arrested for not giving up her seat to a white woman.
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In conclusion, America had a very extreme view on immigrants and America should "maintain" their homeland. 2. Source C i. Is not very useful to a historian studying racial attitudes in America around the 1920s. The picture by itself would be quite useful, as it would just show two Blacks being hanged surrounded by a huge white crowd. However, the italics add a number of unanswerable questions to the circumstances of the picture. Names and the exact date of this lynching would be helpful to the Historian, however the italics seem to be very vague and sketchy about such fine details.
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Politicians claim that the drinking age and the driving age are necessary because teenagers are not aware of the consequences of their actions. If they actually believed teenagers were immature, then they would not allow them to be sentenced to 19 years in prison. This type of sentencing reinforces our belief that Republican and Democrat politicians know that teenagers are aware of the consequences of their actions. These politicians merely use age as an excuse to take away the rights of teenagers.
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Why was there such widespread migration? It was in a search for better wages and a better life away from segregation and discrimination. It had been going on since the early 1900's but increased dramatically during the war due to the number of jobs it created, especially in the defence industries. However the migration of Blacks created Black ghettos in cities, often in their poorest areas, and created more problems of its own. Another important impact of the war was the increase in Black consciousness or awareness.
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The Source may be unreliable, as it has been written a number of years after the event so it may have been forgotten, and it is written in hindsight. Eckford may also have wanted to paint a more dramatic picture of the events to stay in the media spotlight. Source F is reliable because it is a photo taken on the day of the event of Eckford and some soldiers, it is unreliable because we cannot ascertain what the soldiers are doing and what is happening to Eckford.
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"Come here Zenial" the king pleaded "Yes your majesty" Zenial replied "I'm afraid I have some bad news the king began "your shop has become the victim of a heinous crime, a lead bomb was planted in your shop". "What? Why? What will I do now? I've been building that business up for years" Zenial whined "I'm very sorry, I will be holding a personal investigation into this crime" "Please find the culprit, my lord" Zenial begged "Don't worry. I'll put my best men on the case, I promise I will catch who ever did this" Said Tombah.
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This was affecting bus companies because more than half of their consumers were black people and so profit would be lost. King bought publicity to the bus boycott with his leadership and took the limelight away from the NAACP, who were behind the success of integration of buses. It was not the bus boycott alone that integrated buses, the NAACP taking litigation to the Supreme Court was vital because it changed desegregated buses. The bus boycott alone wouldn?t have changed segregation laws.
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Black people generally had the worst-paid unskilled jobs, and in the southern states, which had partly fought in the defence of slavery during the Civil War and put in place the ?Jim Crow? laws, making them supposedly ?separate but equal?, but in fact it segregated them, giving black people social, economic and educational disadvantages. They also found it very difficult to vote, ?You would be confronted with every conceivable obstacle taking the walk to the ballot box? (Martin Luther King 1963).
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The USA in the 1960s. Study Representations 1, 2 and 3 Choose the one which you think is best representation of the impact of protest on US society, explain your choice
Hence Representation 2 has least omissions and is not objective entirely. Protesters believed in a more direct democracy and they had hope for a better society. Vietnam war- The real story (4) has serious errors of Vietnam War which make it untrue and unreliable. The aim of the program was to correct errors made by PBS, and it was made to be financially supported, the information was there to please the government. In association with Representations one and three, both of them venture on being objective.
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He was president for only 2 and a half years before he was assassinated. Kennedy had a relatively positive relationship with the media. Only was it after his death that reports of his affairs surfaced. The media is very decisive in creating a good or bad image of a historical character because they use different pieces of information for or against that person. Kennedy was portrayed as a healthy, young, family man with good intentions when he was alive and even after his death, and to many, he is remembered as a good president ? probably because of the fact that he was shot and killed and therefore gives a ?hero? impression.
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Evaluating the Prime Ministers of the 20th Century. Major figures and events in the fight for Civil Rights in the USA
Alec Douglas-Home 1963-1964 1. He was not considered to be everyone?s natural choice for Prime Minister because he came across as being too reserved and some felt that he had little in common with the majority of the people in the UK. 2. He was only there for a year and lost in the October 1963 election by just 5 seats. Harold Wilson 1964-1970 and 1974-1976 1. He first served as Prime Minister in the 60?s, during a period of low unemployment and relative economy prosperity, In his second spell most western countries were starting to have economic crisis of their own.
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