- Join over 1.2 million students every month
- Accelerate your learning by 29%
- Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
GCSE: USA 1941-80
Meet our team of inspirational teachers
King also depicts how unbearable inequality is by creating an image: "the sweltering summer of the negro's discontent." King uses symbols and metaphors to compare a specific term (such as "racial injustice") to something the audience is more familiar with (such as the devouring characteristic of quicksand). He uses this technique to help his audience better understand his message and motives. Two other techniques King utilizes to make his speech coherent and discernable are anaphora and alliteration. Anaphora is important in the "I Have a Dream" because it emphasizes the main point of certain lines, and ultimately, the main points of the speech.
- Word count: 712
I think that source 'A' is more reliable because it's a primary source and therefore a reliable source and also it's clearly showing the racism and anger of whites on a black student. Source 'B' was written too late after the event and is a secondary source so could be altered and therefore not so reliable. An historian would gain more from source 'A' due to the specific information it supplies. Source 'E' to an historian would be very useful because the book was written by Martin Luther King the key man to solving civil rights.
- Word count: 2072
I can link sources C,E and I. They all show that black people have achieved something and gained come civil rights. Source C is a secondary written source, it explains and shows how many black children went to all white schools in the southern states in the late 50's early 60's. "Texas 1956-1957 3400, 1961-1962 4300" The source is not biased because it is written for a school textbook. The source has limitations because it only shows the statistics of schools.
- Word count: 1136
Blacks had to pass a literacy test which was incredibly hard because they were uneducated. They also had to pay a 'poll tax' which was also seriously hard because blacks worked for next to nothing or just offered shelter and food for pay. The voting was this way to exclusively rob blacks the right to vote. Blacks were kept from voting to keep power in the hands of the whites to keep the status quo the same. If you allow the blacks the right to vote you may bring in black politicians so blacks would be herd and they would get more opportunities.
- Word count: 2859
I had panicked as I did not know what to do. I then saw the evilness in his eyes I could not believed what happened I was just shocked, the king had told me "I am going to keep you here for the rest of your life; I have no intentions of killing you". I screamed the loudest and realized that it was a horrible nightmare all along and I was relieved that it just was a nightmare. Name: crow Surname: crooker Date of birth: 01/02/95 Education: primary crow school, experience, fitness school and wings flap community Qualification: employed Extra
- Word count: 1607
The KKK created an atmosphere of fear among black people in the south. Another reason why desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA was because of southern state governors and the President. During the crisis at Little Rock High School in Arkansas, the governor, Orval Faubus was up for election. To get the votes he had to keep segregation and the only way for this was to stop the 9 black students from entering the school. There was a hostile crowd outside the school and Faubus sent state troops to turn the students away because he said it was not safe.
- Word count: 1047
To summarise why the civil rights movements run into difficulties in the 1960's was because the president ignored the report as he was only thinking about himself, this can be portrayed as being self absorbed and due to this it resulted in additional violence. I think that this is quite important because it displays the president's selfishness. The second cause of these difficulties was that the government took money for the Vietnam war. This money was taken from the ghettos which was meant to be used to assist deprived African Americans but later the president decided to use it to invest guns, tanks, food, bombs ect which where required for the war.
- Word count: 2259
Two bullets presumably caused all the damage done to Governor Connaly and John F. Kennedy (single bullet theory2) and the other bullet probably missed the presidential limousine completely. It was, furthermore, concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald fired all three of the shots in a time period ranging from approximately 4.8 to 7 seconds. Source 2: Report of the Select Committee on Assassinations of the U.S. House of Representatives by the National Archives3 The Select Committee on Assassinations of the U.S. House of Representatives (HSCA) considered all the evidence available to the number of shots fired, including the transmissions received over the police radio network from officers in the field that were recorded at Dallas
- Word count: 2438
Men have been considered more "human" than females, who have been considered almost objects throughout history. Only in the last 2 centuries have women gained equal rights, but there are still states where men rule. A woman is expected to do housework and play servant to the male. Most married women are pressured to do the housework and stay the slave to their male companion. Furthermore, more women rely on men for their sustenance, and considering how many men are moronic and self-centred, that makes for many unhappy, frustrated, and miserable women.
- Word count: 639
It focused on desegregation on transport, in the educational system and public facilities. A significant step to desegregation on transport occurred when Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus for a white passenger thus causing Martin Luther King to form the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Pressure increased across the country and in the beginning of June, 1956, the federal district court ruled that Alabama's racial segregation laws for buses were unconstitutional (Browder vs. Gayle), but, an appeal reserved segregation and the boycott continued until the Supreme Court upheld the lower court's ruling.
- Word count: 2839
Malcolm also received poor educational opportunities and his teachers put down his ambitions. Malcolm also had to cope with his mothers deteriorating mental health and being split up from his siblings by the authorities when his mother was classified insane and committed to a mental institution. When he left school and moved to New York he got involved with drug dealing, gambling and burglary. When he was in New York he took up a typical black job of shining shoes but by dealing drugs he made himself far more money. This extra money showed him how you could live if you had the means to and so made him angry about the way white people were living compared to black people in the ghettos.
- Word count: 1818
Many white peoples property got damaged and so no longer wanted to help black people when they started riots after major legislations had been brought in to help them. White people did not want black people living in the same area as them because they did not want riots in their area. This made it hard to integrate black people into the same housing areas as white people. Secondly the 1960s saw a rise in black extremists. This was because black residents were growing tired of police brutality and so began to join groups such as the Black Panthers solely to rid their neighbourhoods of oppressive white police officers.
- Word count: 1420
Describe the role of Martin Luther King in gaining improvements for black citizens of the USA in the 1950s and 1960s.
King often received death threats and he experienced violence against himself and his family but he never gave in. One of his best qualities was his ability to give morale-boosting speeches. On many occasions he gave speeches in churches to help unite people and gain support for the civil rights movement. King managed to endear himself to the public by not hiding any of his weaknesses in public appearances this made him seem more likable and became someone to aspire to especially because he has a member of the black middle class who had received a Ph.D. Kings first campaign was the 1955/56 Montgomery Bus Boycott that tackled racial segregation on public buses.
- Word count: 1974
Civil disobedience and non-violence had shown how racist and violent whites in the USA were. By continuing with this policy the blacks could win sympathy from whites and blacks and they could push for legal form. The well-educated blacks that had managed to achieve under the current system in the USA felt they must continue to work within the system to achieve change, this meant they must be non-violent. Black non- violence allowed white people to support black peoples demands.
- Word count: 731
Explain how Blacks disagreed amongst themselves in the 1960s about the best method to try to gain more civil rights.
Blacks began to disagree amongst themselves because non-violence had been an extremely successful way to force change in the late 1950's and early 1960's. Blacks also began to disagree because most blacks still lived in extreme poverty and needed immediate changes to improve their lives and white violence and racism against blacks had not stopped as civil rights grew. Moreover, Blacks began to disagree because young blacks saw non-violence as too slow and not effective enough. Blacks also began to disagree amongst themselves because blacks in extreme poverty had little to loose by fighting.
- Word count: 644
During the 381-day protest, Martin was arrested and jailed, his home was attacked as well as receiving many threats against his life. However in 1956, the action ended with a mandate from the Supreme Court outlawing all segregated public transport in the city. The protest was a clear victory for the non-violent demonstration, Martin then became a highly respected "leader". He seems to have shown ambitions goals to other people of all ages to declare that all people can succeed in many different ways, including social, economic and environmental goals.
- Word count: 514
Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping blacks gain more civil rights in the 1960's?
The black community was outraged by this arrest and they knew that they were being treated unfairly and had to act on it. MLK was a new priest in Montgomery and was appointed head of the movement. He decided that black people in Montgomery should refuse to use public buses until passengers were completely de-segregated. This bus boycott carried on for 13 months and during this time MLK was arrested and his house fire-bombed, but the protest continued. As the black community made up a large population of Montgomery the bus companies and local council lost a large amount of profit due to a year with lack of passengers.
- Word count: 1538
Black people just couldn't better themselves and even if they did, white people would do something about it. All of this took place mainly in the south of America, places like Alabama, Mississippi, and Carolina etc. The north did have racist gestures but not to the extent of the southerners where segregation was an official law. Segregation and inequality was the most depressing period for any Black American, they were treated with no respect whatsoever and made to feel like dirt in their own country. Even though they were divided from white people, this did not make them have equal opportunities, especially in schools where black children wouldn't even get a clean book to write in or a pencil to draw with.
- Word count: 962
After 14 long and unethical years, desegregation in schools occurred. It took the American government that colossal amount of time to come to the final decision that schools should no longer be apart. Obviously the decision was prolonged due to anti- desegregation campaigners etc, however, the conclusion didn't see equality in schooling up to at least 20 years ago. The two main catalysts to the movement were Martin Luther King and Malcolm X, but due to the fact that they used diverse methods to get their rights, there was a division in the Civil Rights movement.
- Word count: 1174
Despite this, the average income for white families was still $5,000 higher. Newark and Detroit were areas that still had problems. In 1967 there were terrible riots, in which, 83 people were shot dead. Blacks argued that the police used the riots as an excuse to attack them. Most of each city was burned down and many families were left homeless. This made things worse for Blacks, with most of them still living in poverty. The actual number of blacks who lived below the poverty line was 33%. Throughout this time, however, Blacks had successes as well.
- Word count: 669
the police was to force a way' the tone of source B is more hostile. The main differences are in the poses of the people or the supposed poses. In source B, the author begins with 'trouble was expected' this indicates that the police did not have faith in the black people and they were always prepared like carrying a gun with them the whole time. The Black South Africans had organised a serene demonstration, so the author of Source B is implying that they had already done something to make the police suspect them, or that they were obviously untrustworthy.
- Word count: 2437
The Emmet till case shows how unfair and racist the courts where to black people. this relates to the question because it shows that race relations where still needed in the 1960s. In the 1960s black children were not allowed to go to the same schools as white people they would be giving abuse, shouted at and threatened to be killed. In 1964 the southern states decided to send they black children to a white school they got sent home they tried again the next day and a mob of 1000 people said they would lynch them if they went in, the next day 11000 government soldiers had to go in to protect the black Children.
- Word count: 868
'The Civil Rights Movement achieved a great deal in the 1950's and 1960's' Do sources C to J prove that this interpretation is correct?
Source D is a photograph which shows a large number of Negroes staging a march in Washington in 1963. The main way which this source supports the title statement is that this large number of blacks were being allowed to hold such a march straight through the capital of the country which they are being oppressed in and not be in fear. This shows that the Civil Rights Movement has achieved quite a notable feat because at the beginning of the movement marchers were treated poorly by both police and white opposers to the movement.
- Word count: 2998
This would indicate that the desegregation of schools had been a success. As the Civil Rights Movement and campaigned strongly for this, then they had obviously gone some way to achieving their goals. The photograph is Source B was taken at the scene, where a black student is on her way to enrol at an all white high school in Little Rock. The photograph shows that desegregation had been a success, as blacks were getting into previously all white schools but also shows that the Civil Rights Movement had failed to change the attitudes of the white people in the southern states.
- Word count: 1093
The KKK took it upon them to publicly lynch, humiliate and beat black people for no other reason than the colour of their skin. This sent shockwaves through the black community but incredibly, the US Government did take action. This only encouraged the KKK, and led to the 'Jim Crow' laws. These were a set of laws that caused uproar because they segregated blacks, prevented them from voting by using violence, attacked and ignored blacks, closed the best universities to black citizens, and created discrimination in education and employment.
- Word count: 927