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GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975
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- Marked by Teachers essays 2
Explain how the USA became involved in Vietnam and why the US Army experienced problems in Vietnam by 1968.
The capitalist South Vietnam faced trouble from Communist guerrillas called the Viet Cong, who were led by Ho Chi Minh and wanted a united communist Vietnam. The USA initially sent more than $3 billion of financial aid and by 1960 there were over 16,000 American advisors in South Vietnam. However, Diem was very unpopular and, as a Catholic, was very out of touch with his mostly Buddhist population. In November 1963 he was assassinated. At this stage the Viet Cong controlled over 60% of the South.
- Word count: 1164
major cut backs happened in President Johnson programmes to help end inequality and deprivation, especially for the black people because they would be more likely to live in poverty and have a low standard of living in the 1960?s. This resulted in poor families, particularly those that live in rural areas, to suffer from economic and social hardship. An anti-Vietnam war movement would be forming in America because people would find an outrage since tax is increasing for a war that would decrease the chances for people in poverty to move out of poverty.
- Word count: 865
The US lost the Vietnam War because its tactics and military strategy were wrong. How far do you agree?
Used over the amount of bombs used during world war two. They also used chemical weapons such as agent orange in country sides where communist would hide. But such tactics were not welcome by other side. The US citizens were disgusted and anti-war protest were everywhere. More people were turning over to support Ho Chi Minh and Vietcong. The Tet Offensive incident in January 1968. When North Vietnam attacks Saigon during a festival. The USA killed fifty thousand communist. For short term is appears that US won the situation but for long term Vietnam benefitted more especially when people in US didn?t even support their own country and a lot of anti-war protest going on.
- Word count: 562