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GCSE: Vietnam 1954-1975

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  1. Describe and explain how the North Vietnamese and their NLF allies in the south were able to fight successfully against such apparently overwhelming odds between 1965 and 1973.

    For the most part US troops never saw any evidence of an enemy in Vietnam. They could not see whom they were fighting and so were hit hard by the Vietcong tactics of hit and run. American Morale was especially hit badly as the US troops started to lose their mentality and frustration kicked in. Vietcong troops relied heavily on small arms to defeat a seemingly overwhelming American force and in particular booby traps. In total 11% of US casualties were lost to enemy booby traps. Such traps consisted of basic resources like bamboo sharpened and placed in a pit to capture any unsuspecting US soldiers by surprise and wound them to the point of being unable to fight but not quite dead.

    • Word count: 938
  2. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    Guerrilla warfare was unlike conventional warfare and used various strategies different to those of America. Big battles between large numbers of people were rare. This was because the guerrillas knew they didn't have the military strength or weaponry to overpower the Americans in a conventional war. Instead the guerrillas use traps, hidden mines, punji stakes, and grenades triggered by trip wires. The guerrillas usually ambushed first the forces of diem then the Americans and if there was fighting it took place in the deep dence jungle. Because the guerrillas wore no uniforms they used hit and run tactics against the Americans.

    • Word count: 1765
  3. What different tactics did both sides use in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    the lack of progress South Vietnam had over North Vietnam and a total of over 4000 advisers were assigned to Vietnam by 1961 which was after the first Vietcong attacks took place in the south of Vietnam. The Vietcong were poorly equipped to start off with and were desperate for weapons and on every ambush they fought, they would take all the ammunition and guns from the Americans thus boosting their arms count and lowering the Americans. The Vietcong would have Punji traps all other the jungles, these consisted of a hole in the ground covered by bamboo sticks and

    • Word count: 1990
  4. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    Each cell would be input into a village and have no information on other cells in Vietnam. The idea of this is that if a cell was captured he could not inform the U.S troops about other cells under torture. When the cells are placed into a village they used the theory that they are the fish and that the villagers are the water. You need the water to survive. This means that you will do any thing and everything to please the villagers so that they do not talk to the US about you or other members of your Cell.

    • Word count: 1045
  5. Describe the Military Tactics of the Vietcong and the Us

    They set up all sorts of booby traps along jungle trails, including 'Punji Traps'. These were sharp spikes hidden in pits that could easily disable an enemy soldier. They also used many home-made mines made from shrapnel or explosives from dud US bombs that had been recovered. Camouflage was used to hide themselves in the dense jungle awaiting passing US troops who they would suddenly attack. Hiding in base areas was always a priority for the Vietcong but with US spy planes this became a problem. The answer was to build enormous systems of underground tunnels to manoeuvre without being spotted.

    • Word count: 1033
  6. Describe the Military Tactics Used By Both the Usa and Viet Cong Forces In Vietnam In the 1960’S.

    where they would be protected from the Vietcong, this failed because the- Vietcong would be mixed into the villages so when they were separating they would just be moving the Vietcong. On the 13th of February 1965 Johnson ordered the start of "Operation Rolling Thunder" basically this meant that the Americans would drop a very large amount of bombs on the North of Vietnam, they thought if they bombed the north they wouldn't be able to help the Vietcong in the south they also hoped that the north would surrender or negotiate peace talks with America-.

    • Word count: 920
  7. What different tactics were used by both sides in an attempt to win the conflict in Vietnam between 1956 and 1968?

    Guerrillas also set traps to harm their enemies. Another important tactic used by Guerrillas is to disappear into a village, as they would be in small groups. They can disappear among villages making it hard, if not impossible to spot them, as they wear no uniform. Guerrilla tactics were used against the American soldiers by the Vietcong. The US believed they would easily defeat the opposing forces and be able to stop the spread of communism. Their technology was far superior to anything of the Vietcong, but it seemed to be ineffectual.

    • Word count: 1233
  8. Explain how the USA became involved in Vietnam and why the US Army experienced problems in Vietnam by 1968.

    The capitalist South Vietnam faced trouble from Communist guerrillas called the Viet Cong, who were led by Ho Chi Minh and wanted a united communist Vietnam. The USA initially sent more than $3 billion of financial aid and by 1960 there were over 16,000 American advisors in South Vietnam. However, Diem was very unpopular and, as a Catholic, was very out of touch with his mostly Buddhist population. In November 1963 he was assassinated. At this stage the Viet Cong controlled over 60% of the South.

    • Word count: 1164
  9. Explain why an Anti-Vietnam war movement developed in the USA in the 1960s

    major cut backs happened in President Johnson programmes to help end inequality and deprivation, especially for the black people because they would be more likely to live in poverty and have a low standard of living in the 1960?s. This resulted in poor families, particularly those that live in rural areas, to suffer from economic and social hardship. An anti-Vietnam war movement would be forming in America because people would find an outrage since tax is increasing for a war that would decrease the chances for people in poverty to move out of poverty.

    • Word count: 865
  10. The US lost the Vietnam War because its tactics and military strategy were wrong. How far do you agree?

    Used over the amount of bombs used during world war two. They also used chemical weapons such as agent orange in country sides where communist would hide. But such tactics were not welcome by other side. The US citizens were disgusted and anti-war protest were everywhere. More people were turning over to support Ho Chi Minh and Vietcong. The Tet Offensive incident in January 1968. When North Vietnam attacks Saigon during a festival. The USA killed fifty thousand communist. For short term is appears that US won the situation but for long term Vietnam benefitted more especially when people in US didn?t even support their own country and a lot of anti-war protest going on.

    • Word count: 562
  11. An Outline of the Vietnam War

    This worried the USA who then forbid the South Vietnamese people to take part in the vote. This make them more bitter toward the South Vietnamese government but the USA continue sending weapons and money to support it. This lead to the National Liberation Front (NLF) (known as the Vietcong to the government' being established by South Vietnamese communists to fight back against the government. In response to this emergence, President Kennedy sent 10,000 US advisors to help the South Vietnam troops in its battle against the Vietcong. This included torturing peasants in attempt to destry the NLF.

    • Word count: 1066
  12. Why did Americas involvement in the Vietnam War become increasingly unpopular with the American people?

    By 1968 the war effort was being undermined on the Home Front because not only did it not appear as if America was not winning the war, but it did not appear to be fighting for a very just cause. Public opinion about the war was strongly affected by the media coverage of the war which the government at this time made no official attempt to censor. The Vietnam War is regarded as the ?first TV war? and because of this fact, the public received gruesome pictures and videos of what was actually happening and, as it turned out, the American people could not handle the horrific reality of the war that they were fighting.

    • Word count: 990
  13. Why did America lose the War in Vietnam?

    One reason why America lost the war was that the soldiers carried with them strong preconceptions on how to fight; fierce head on battles with a clear definition of who the enemy were, as all their previous battles had been. America had very high morale before this war as they had intervened in both the two World Wars and the Korean war, and this continued America?s reputation of never having been defeated militarily. So when America thought that Vietnam might become communist (the domino effect), they thought that they could repeat their previous victories and liberate the South from the communist North.

    • Word count: 1579
  14. How significant was the domino theory as a reason for the U.S involvement in the conflict in Vietnam?

    The USA feared that if one country in South East Asia fell to communism, the rest would also fall like a row of dominoes, this was the Domino Theory (2, 3). They were also scared that the Philippines which was in their power at the time would turn against them and also try to become communist due to Vietnam becoming communist. This made the Americans feel much more strongly about getting involved with the conflict in Vietnam and put the theory of the Truman doctrine in to action to stop the spread of communism.

    • Word count: 584
  15. Why the USA should have not have been involved in Vietnam

    One reason the USA should not have gotten involved was because they were there mainly to prevent the Domino theory taking place. They wanted to stop communism from taking over the country, which they feared was going to happen under the influence of Ho Chi Minh (Leader of the nationalist party). The USA was scared that it would be influenced like China, and worse, start a trend spreading to the surrounding countries (Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and more)

    • Word count: 427
  16. How much impact did the Tet offensive have on conflict in Vietnam?

    This tactic affected the american soldiers a lot, causing them anxiety, fear and tension. one of the key success of this was their quick executioning of the ambushing of american troops. This was a much studied strategy which was put into place by general giap to pave the way he wanted his soldiers to fight. Up until tet, the us used their brilliant weaponry and their money. the advantage the us had was their power in the air by carrying out thousands of bombing campaigns across vietnam dropping ordinance on little villages where suspected VC troops could be hiding.

    • Word count: 1450
  17. Describe the media coverage of the Vietnam War and its effect.

    In August 1965 , TV coverage showed US marines on a ‘Zippo raid’ burning the village of Cam Ne. In 1968, during the Tet Offensive, viewers saw a colonel of the SVA execute one of his captives in a Saigon Street. However, very little blood and gore was shown, less than ¼ of film reports showed dead or wounded.

    • Word count: 397
  18. The failure of the United States to win the hearts and minds of the South Vietnamese people was the main reason why their strategy in Vietnam was unsuccessful. Do you agree?

    As part of the campaign the ?Strategic Hamlet Programme? was set up in 1962. It took peasants out of their homes and into safe villages, protected by wire and guns. The programme was unpopular with peasants, who had often been residents of the land for centuries. Similarly, they went from a tradition of farming, to digging trenches. Often these villagers turned to the Vietcong, who followed a Code of Conduct, similarly aimed at winning over the people. The ?hearts and minds? campaign was a success, as during the Tet Offensive civilians in urban areas did not up rise and support the Vietcong or NLF.

    • Word count: 669
  19. The Vietnam War - causes and effects.

    The Vietnam War has effected movies for years. How much did this war effect the people?s point of view on movies? The Vietnam War has also been called the Indochina War. The war started in 1957, when communist rebels started terrorist attacks. The president of the United States at the time pledged to support the Diem government. By 1963, President Kennedy increased troops to about 16,000. By 1965 the United States of America started to become more involved in the war.

    • Word count: 1139
  20. How Effective Were The Tactics Of Search And Destroy And Defoliation During The Vietnam War?.

    and NVA were more trained to fight in this terrain. Westmoreland believed that if he attacked the National Liberation Front (NLF) and National Vietnamese Army (NVA) with overwhelming force, he could win by attrition. In 1965, the strategy of Search and Destroy was put into play. This involved deploying a certain number of American Troops into known areas of where the NLF and NVA may perhaps be taking refuge. The Troops were intended to kill all the VC and NVA they found. This was carried out by helicopters escorting the troops to designated areas to search and eliminate any force they seeked out.

    • Word count: 1495
  21. Vietnam war, representation work. In this essay I will evaluate the similarities,differences and objectivity of the representations, before I establish which is most reliable regarding the reaction of the American Public in the Vietnam War

    As such it is not as reliable as Representation 1 and is undoubtedly and exaggeration to deliberately make fun of the protesters/ John Fischetti had served in the Second World War and would have been very much aware of the horrors of war. Representation 1 was written in 2001 and has the advantage of hindsight, with the author having access to a wide range of different sources of information about the anti-war movement.

    • Word count: 523
  22. Why Did America Lose The Vietnam War

    The Vietnamese were experts in guerrilla warfare. All they wanted was self-rule. They were a nation who had defeated the Mongol hordes and seen off invasion by China. The people were a collective unit who had centuries of practice in warfare and were indomitable As Henry Kissinger said "We ignored the oldest and most fundamental rule of warfare-know your enemy". The American government failed to understand the mind-set of the Vietnamese. We lost the war because of America's foreign policy. It was to stop the spread of Communism, not do be rid of it.

    • Word count: 680
  23. How effective were the US tactics of 'Search and Destroy' and 'Defoliation' in the Vietnam War?

    Another advantage would be that in relation to one of the USA's aims (Remove Viet Cong from villages) it was partially successful (Source 1). There are far more disadvantages to search and destroy than advantages, which is the reason for its ineffectiveness. For example, search and destroy brought bad publicity to the USA. One example of this is the My Lai massacre in 1968, in which 2 platoons from Charlie Company were sent to a rumored Viet Cong village (with no VIET CONG there)

    • Word count: 1292
  24. Discuss the effectiveness of US tactics such as 'defoliation' and 'search and destroy'

    And what were the drawbacks? For historian Christian Appy, ?search and destroy was the principal tactic; and the enemy body count was the primary measure of progress? [1] and with that in mind, the search and destroy tactic appears effective right off the bat. According to US reports in one of the search and destroy missions named Operation Junction City ?nearly 3,000 NLF died as compared to 282 allied fatalities? [2]. While those figures supposedly paint a victorious image for the US, it is important to note that army and marine officers were conscious that confirmed kills from successful missions

    • Word count: 1046
  25. Vietnam war. Why did the USA fail to win the hearts and minds of the American soldiers and public?

    This made a lot of Americans upset and annoyed and resulted in protests. People were protesting because of the anti-war movement, the influence of veterans, people?s opposition to the draft and the influence of the media. The anti-war movement believed that the war was morally wrong, that the USA was lying to its people; the war was corrupting young US soldiers through drugs and mindless violence. Another thing they believed was that the South Vietnamese government was corrupt and that the North Vietnamese were fighting for freedom.

    • Word count: 583

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