• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Modern World Study: Conflict in Ireland.

Extracts from this document...


Modern World Study: Conflict in Ireland 1. The following events have all helped to shape the course of Irish history in the Twentieth Century. (a) The Easter Rising, 1916 (b) The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland, 1969 (c) "Bloody Sunday", 30th January 1972 Which of these events has had the biggest impact on the history of the conflict in Ireland? These three events which have happened in Northern Ireland during the Twentieth Century and have all helped to shape the course of Irish history. They have also all had an impact on the conflict of Ireland in different ways and have all been of importance to Northern Ireland. The first major event to happen in Ireland during the Twentieth Century was The Easter Rising in 1916. The Easter Rising was an event where about 1200 Irish Republican Brotherhood volunteers and James Connolly's (important socialist leader) Citizen Army occupied parts of central Dublin on Easter Monday, 1916. The members of the IRB were worried about the freedom of Ireland being forgotten as the First World War was happening at the time and it was the main priority for Great Britain at the time. They tried to cause a strike against the British Empire and prove a point for Irish freedom and for the set up of an Irish republic. ...read more.


I personally cannot see any short-term consequences of "Bloody Sunday" as all of the consequences have had long-term effects on Northern Ireland and its people. The main long-term effect is the conflict surrounding the events of that day in 1972 is still happening. Even though there is less violence at present, many of the issues behind the cause of the conflict remain. The fact that the British troops had their version of events believed by the report produced by Lord Widgery sparked off more controversy and the IRA seeked revenge. The IRA even managed to gain support for their violence towards Britain from countries such as the USA, who even sent funding for weapons. Another long-term consequence is the IRA are still in conflict with Britain due to this. They still continue to plant bombs in Britain as revenge and their way of making people notice that they still want justice for what happened to their own people. The deaths of the people killed in " Bloody-Sunday" is a long-lasting consequence as their families are still devastated by their loss and they are still looking for justice and an answer to what happened. I think that the event which has had the biggest impact on the history of Ireland is "Bloody Sunday", which took place in 1972. ...read more.


The third attempt was The Downing Street Declaration in 1993 and it was an agreement between the Prime Minister, John Major and the Taoseach, Albert Reynolds. They decided that they would respect the Northern Ireland traditions and only parties which rejected violence would be allowed any say in the talks. The British Government said it was only concerned with the welfare of the Irish people and that economics and politics were not important to them. The Alliance Party and the Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) supported the Declaration and the Ulster Unionists accepted it with great caution. People from different Parties began to talk and listen to each other, instead of dismissing ideas and The Downing Street Declaration became a promising attempt. There are many long-term consequences of the Declaration and the main one is that people from different parties began to listen to each other instead of trying to solve their differences with violence. The Declaration was the start of a mission to put an end to violence in Northern Ireland and it was only attempt since 1972 to have such a positive attitude and outlook. It gave great hope to the people of Northern Ireland and for that reason I feel that this attempt has been the most successful. It was the first time in a long while that the end of violence was in sight and it paved the way for better negotiations in the future. 5/24/2005 Keri Roberts ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Ireland and World War 1

    3 star(s)

    The British military leader, Lord Kitcher, was glad to have Ulster Unionists in the army but he wanted them to join existing regiments. Carson (who,with Craig, was in the War Office with Kitcher) disagreed, he wanted the Ulstermen to be kept together, organized like the UVF.

  2. Northern Ireland - The Good Friday Agreement was created in April 1998, and then ...

    After 1782, there was much violence in Ireland as Protestant gangs (The Peep O'Day Boys) fought Catholic gangs (The Defenders). This violence continued and in 1795, the Battle of the Diamond took place. Because of this, Protestants formed the Orange Order to protect the interests of the Protestant community.

  1. What were the short and long term effects of the hunger-strikes in Northern Ireland?

    As the popularity and publicity of Sinn Fein grew, IRA campaign of violence continued. In October 1981 there was a nail-bomb attack on the Chelsea barracks in London; a bomb in which the Commandant General of the Royal Marines lost a leg and a bomb which killed another man.

  2. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    before the IRA ceasefire in August, which was closely followed by a loyalist ceasefire. The ceasefire of 1994 was a very important breakthrough because it showed that after a terrible history of violent conflict, it was possible to stop violence and become peaceful.

  1. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    and they wished the island of Ireland to be independent from the British Empire, so refusing the seats cut their ties with England. By this time the Protestants were getting so worried about the support Sinn Fein received that many more began joining the UVF and many similar parties making the violence increase even more.

  2. Causes of conflict in Northern Ireland.

    Northern Ireland to stop terrorism the IRA sees the army as a force of foreign occupation and so that has provoked IRA terrorism and violence and thus it has caused civil disorder. Before 1969 the violence and Death toll was 2,167 people killed however from 1969 to 1981 the violence

  1. The Anglo-Irish agreement, 1985, this was agreed between Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher and Irish ...

    a lasting and satisfactory settlement of relationships between the peoples of both islands has contributed to continuing tragedy and suffering. They believe that the development of an agreed framework for peace, which has been discussed between them since early last year, and which is based on a number of key

  2. Northern Ireland

    The loyalists were suspicious of this cease-fire, but Catholic areas celebrated this. The I.R.A had many different reasons for agreeing to this cease-fire. Firstly through the 1980s the Catholic Church put pressure on Sinn Fein to look for a peaceful arrangement.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work