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Modern World Study: Conflict in Ireland

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Introduction

Modern World Study: Conflict in Ireland Which of these events has had the biggest impact on the history of the Conflict in Ireland? (a) The Easter Rising, 1916. (b) The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland, 1969. (c) "Bloody Sunday", 30th January 1972. (a) The Easter Rising, 1916. Event On Monday April 24th 1916, a force between 1,000 and 1,500 Irishmen and women consisting of volunteers and the Irish Citizen Army seized control of the General Post Office in Dublin which became Pearse and Connolly's (organisers of the rebellion) command post for the rebellion along with the Four Courts, Jacob's Factory, Boland's Bakery, the South Dublin Union, St. Stephen's Green and later the College of Surgeons with the advantage of surprise over the British intelligence. British intelligence failed hopelessly and the properties were taken with virtually no resistance. By Friday April 28th 1916, the authorities drafted 18,000 - 20,000 soldiers to deal with the rebellion. In total the rising cost the lives of 450 people, 2,614 were injured and 9 missing, almost all in Dublin. Military casualties were 116 dead, 368 were wounded and 9 missing, and the Irish and Dublin police forces lost 16 officers with 29 wounded. There were also 254 civilians and 64 rebels killed. Over 3,500 people were arrested country wide including Eamon de Valera and Michael Collins although 1,500 were freed after questioning, 1,841 people were interned in England with no trial, 171 were tried in a secret court with 170 imprisoned. ...read more.

Middle

Segregation was still a factor as Nationalist and Unionist went to separate churches, pubs, workplace and schools. In 1926, a senior unionist leader tried to combat this by educating Catholics and Protestants together. This was stopped by protests by the Catholic Church and Presbyterians. (b) The deployment of British troops in Northern Ireland, 1969. Event During the sixties there were many catholic civil rights marches because of the concern of Catholics being treated as second class citizens as they did not get the amount of high class jobs as the Protestants. New houses were being built in the protestant areas twice as frequently as the catholic areas. The law services (RUC) consisted of mainly Protestants and would be biased towards their own. During one of the catholic civil rights marches through a Protestant area they were confronted by violence from the Protestant crowd which was later found to include RUC and B-special off duty officers using excessive violence against the protestors. The RUC officers, who were supposed to protect the protestors, were not inclined to do so and this caused a brake down in Northern Ireland's law and order. As a result of this the British government drafted in the British army to protect the protestors in an impartial manner. The Catholics welcomed the army with tea and sandwiches as they thought they would protect the Catholic population against the violence. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bloody Sunday had the biggest impact in terms of politics in Ireland because it showed that violence could not be used to stop the IRA and the government tried to use political methods to resolve the conflict. As direct rule was reintroduced and power sharing was introduced but failed. It also led to the Anglo-Irish agreement in 1985 which in turn led to the Good Friday agreement of 1998. The Easter Rising had the biggest impact on the other effects because it first divided the Irish province and gave the Irish population a belief that they could stop British rule in their country which caused all the rest of the events that occurred thereafter. I believe that the least most important event that shaped Irish history was the Deployment of troops in Northern Ireland because it only led to more violence rather than to resolve it. Therefore did not play an important role in Irish history. I believe that the second most important event was the Easter Rising because it did resolve some of the violence as it gave freedom to the Southern Irish people but Northern Ireland was still under British rule and also it did not end the violence. Therefore I believe that the most important event in Irish history was Bloody Sunday as many political discussions followed because of It., and finally led to the Good Friday agreement which stopped the violence as it proposed that Northern Ireland may become part of the free state of Ireland, with the acceptation of the majority of the population of Northern Ireland. ...read more.

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