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Modern World Study; Conflict In Ireland.

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Introduction

Modern World Study; Conflict In Ireland Question 1. The following events have all helped to shape the course of recent Irish history: The Easter Uprising, 1916 The Development Of Troops In Northern Ireland, 1969 "Bloody Sunday", 30th January 1972 What impact did each event have on the history of the conflict in Ireland? Question 2. The following events have been attempts to bring peace to Ireland: The Power Sharing Schemes Of 1973 And 1982 The Anglo-Irish Agreement The Downing Street Declaration, 1993 Question 1 The Easter Uprising The revolutionary Nationalists in Ireland used the war as an excuse to stage an armed uprising in Dublin on Easter Monday 1916.After a week of violence these rebels eventually surrendered. These leaders became martyrs as they were executed by the British without a trial. There was a very angry reaction to the Easter Uprising by the Irish population. There was a lot of damage and disruption caused. The public opinion radically changed and they were out raged by the British response towards this rebellion. The support for Sinn Fein increased and even by 1917 Sinn Fein won the election. From 1918 there was many long term consequences caused by the Easter Uprising. They started in 1918 when Sinn Fein took a landslide in the general election, from then onwards long term consequences of the Easter Uprising have gone all the way up to 1968. as Sinn Fein had won the election they then took matters into their own hands and decided to do what they want when they want. ...read more.

Middle

'Civil Rights Movement'. The Catholic gathered all their inspiration from Martin Luther King as they realised that they were in the same situation as himself. The C.R.A was to protect the Catholic minority from all Political, Housing and Employment rights. Deployment Of Troops When the British troops were first sent into Northern Ireland the Catholics were initially pleased to see them. As they weren't so keen to see the return of the I.R.A and felt that the British would protect from the Protestants. When the soldiers first arrived on the streets the Catholics were so pleased that they greeted them with cups of tea and sandwiches. For once they felt save to walk along there own streets again. This atmosphere didn't last long amongst the Soldiers and the Catholics. It wasn't long before the occasional clumsy brutality on the part of the British provoked an angry reaction from the population. It therefore wasn't difficult for an I.R.A to use this reaction to their own ends. The British army was trained to aggressive and on the 27th June 1970 for the first time armed provisionals appeared on the streets to challenge the U.V.F (Ulster Volunteer Force). This gun fight lasted all night and by the of it there were 5 people killed, 3 Protestants. The armys response to this was to get tough and on the 3rd July they went on a rage through the Catholics homes to search for arms. This led to allegations of damaged property and the Catholics were told to stay inside. ...read more.

Conclusion

This did not end up working out as planned for the British Government as the Protestants opposed the idea. They believed the Catholics did not just want a say in the governing but they also wanted to destroy Northern Ireland and become a United Ireland. Also the Protestants believed all Catholics were involved with the I.R.A. this distrust of the Catholics was nothing new, as back in the early seventeenth century in the time of the Protestant Plantations. Ireland was divided by their faiths into two distinct groups of people. In May 1974 a group of leading class protestants, known as the Ulster workers council called a strike. This was the Protestants defeat over the Sunningdale Agreement. As they threatened a complete shutdown at the electricity power stations and sewage pumping stations. Brian Faulkner who was still prime minister was faced with these dreadful things and resigned on May 28th. The Power Sharing Executive came to an end. The progress of any Power Sharing Schemes came to nothing in the early 1980s. this was due to the level of Catholics support shown for the Hunger Strikes in 1981.There was a huge response to the funeral of Bobby Sands and this together with the rise in support for Sinn Fein, meant that it was to have lasting consequences on Northern Ireland. The Anglo-Irish Agreement In 1985 Mrs Thatcher signed 'The Anglo-Irish Agreement' for Britain with the Ireland prime minister Dr Garret Fitzgerad. This was to set up a joint committee of the two governments to discuss such matters as Justice and the Law in Northern Ireland, other matters such as Security Forces. They hoped this agreement would find ways of convincing Unionists and Nationalists ...read more.

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