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Munich Putsch 1923 - Sources Questions

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Introduction

The Munich Putsch 1923 Question 1 The one of many jobs Adolf Hitler had was to spy on political parties to discover their ideas, thoughts and tactics. This inspired him and he became very interested in one certain group called the German Workers Party (the DAP). Hitler liked the DAP's ideas and decided to join them. He was member number seven and although the DAP had only had funds of 7.5 marks (which is about 40p) he was about to make them one of the most powerful political parties in the world. Hitler used a lot of propaganda to make the DAP more stronger and this worked. The DAP grew stronger and larger very quickly from this propaganda which included posters and advertisements in papers. Hitler also had a flag designed for him (which he took credit for) called the Swastika and represented the DAP's main beliefs. Hitler also made speeches to crowds, which were noticed because of his very, very loud speaking voice! He also changed the DAP's name into the 'National Socialist German Workers Party' which was soon nick named the Nazi Party. The Nazi Party started to attract more and more members and from 1918 when there were only 7 members. That increased to 3000 members in 1922. In 1921 Hitler was titled Der Fuhrer, which means 'The Leader'. His ideas included the 25 point plan which was mainly Nationalist and Anti-Semitist and included points like 'We demand the end to the Versailles treaty', 'We demand all immigration into the country be stopped' and 'None but those of German blood may be a member of Germany; no Jew therefore may be German', only a few of these points were socialist ones. ...read more.

Middle

This was an agreement to repair the damage of the war and only France, England and the USA were invited to decide the fate of this Treaty. This was another event that Hitler despised and made him want to overthrow the government. Germany was blamed 100% for the war and was made to pay huge reparations, which was impossible for them to do. Also, certain parts of Germany was split up and given to other countries. Altogether, the Treaty of Versailles completely destroyed Germany and the Weimar Republic were the ones to sign it. Hitler resented this and would have rather they went back to war than for them to of signed the treaty. Question 3b There are multiple reasons why Hitler wanted to overthrow the Government. The main six of these reasons are listed and explained below. This answer will explain which cause I think was the most important and why. One of the important causes was the 'Stab in the Back' theory. The German Government surrendered from the war as they were losing badly. Although the German Generals told a different story to the German people. They said that the Government had 'Stabbed them in the Back' and surrendered the war even though Germany were 'winning'. They did this so that the military would not be put to blame for the loss of the war. This was an important reason because it started Hitler's ambitions to overthrow the Government and take over Germany. Following on from the 'Stab in the back' theory, to pursue Hitler's hatred towards the Government, the Treaty of Versailles was signed by them. This treaty blamed Germany 100% for the cause of the war, gave demands of huge reparations to other countries and divided parts of Germany up. ...read more.

Conclusion

This helped Hitler by increasing the amount of people that voted for the Nazis, as they seemed the strongest, most impressive party in Germany. The propaganda that Hitler had created worked as the membership of the Nazi party had soared to a huge 108,717 people by the end of 1928. This also helped because people were attracted to parties with a large amount of members so more and more people kept joining the Nazi Party. All of these changes that Hitler had made were both democratic and legal which appealed to many people as their idea of democracy was that they would all be equal, making them feel like Germany was on its way to how it used to be, and better. The SA/SS were a group of Nazi parties and would protect and even kill people if they didn't join the Nazi party. Resultantly this scared people for their lives and joined the Nazi party out of terror. This was one thing that excluded itself from Hitler's new democratic image. This method was also illegal. To answer the question, it can therefore be seen that Hitler did use democratic methods to become the leader of Germany. However, it is also important to see that although he did use democratic methods, it did not necessarily mean that democracy was one of his strong beliefs. Adolf Hitler did not really believe in democracy and his methods were simply a way of winning the votes of the German people. It is important to remember that Hitler's aims were still the same from before the Munich Putsch, its just his methods in forfilling those aims that had changed and had won him the right to finally proceed with his actions, resulting to the Leadership of Germany and what was soon to be, attempted world domination. Nina Ryner ...read more.

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