• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Nationalism and the Revolution of 1848

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Paul Chang Nationalism Paper By 1848, the reaches of the Habsburg Empire stretched from the heel of Italy, to the Black Forests of Germany. Despite being ruled individually, the countries that consisted of the Habsburg Empire (of which included Italy, Hungary, Slovakia, and Germany) were all under the control of a Habsburg King. Thus, fueled by the prospect of having a nation without the influence of the Habsburgs, the Italian, Magyar (Hungarian), Slavic, and German nationalists revolted against the Habsburgs. Despite failing in their revolts, the nationalists influenced the political reactions of governments for centuries to come. The Revolution of 1848 was ultimately the result of tension buildup from the congress of Vienna, along with an incredibly conservative Austrian government. The Revolutions all happened in generally the same amount of time, along with the fact that oftentimes a revolution would die down, only to reappear a year later. ...read more.

Middle

Deciding to follow its nationalistic patriots (Lajos Kossuth and Istvan Szechenyi), the Hungarians launched a full-fledged attack in order to become an independent nation. The Hungarians however, were largely unlike the Italians. The first of these differences, was the fact that Hungary was directly ruled by Austria. The second difference, was that unlike Italy, Hungary had its own army, not divided by individual states. Thus, Hungary provided a much more serious threat to the Habsburg Empire. However, as fate and a strong Habsburg Government would have it, the Hungarians failed in their attempt as well (Above Hungary: http://staff.lib.msu.edu/sowards/balkan/lect07.htm, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_Revolution_of_1848) The Hungarians were strictly nationalists, as they firmly believed in controling their own government. The Magyars (Hungarians) believed they knew best how to govern their own people, as they shared not only language, but also background and culture. This concept of nationalism (groups of similar background and ethnicity should be compose their own nation) ...read more.

Conclusion

Unfortunately, after shortly driving out the Austrians, Germany was once again put under Habsburg rule, mostly due to the failure of the Frankfurt Parliament that had been put in place as a provisionary government. As with the rest their revolutionary counterparts, the Germans received harsher treatment than they had before (Above Germany: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Revolutions_of_1848_in_the_German_states, http://www.wpunj.edu/~history/study/ws2/set7b.htm). Thus, the nationalist movement of revolts within 1848 backfired at the nationalists themselves. Instead of gaining a more liberal and independent government, the nationalists on succeeded in bringing about harsher treatment from the Habsburgs. As can be seen with the Slovakians, Nationalism itself was also a failure, as Hungarian Nationalists pushed for their own nation, yet rejected the Slovakian plea for its own nation. Germany's revolt proved momentarily successful, yet when Austria returned to take what was theirs, Germany crumbled and became once again the disorganized unit it had been for centuries before. The Metternich system that Austria followed influenced Russia as well, creating two nations that brutally suppressed uprisings and revolts up until World War I. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Health and Education during the Industrial Revolution

    So naturally very few children could go to school. In 1750 only the privileged children could got to school while others worked in factories. There were only 7 universities in Britain so few people even thought about higher education. Since workers, especially women and children, were labouring for up to eighteen hours each day, there was very little family

  2. Ameican Youth Revolt

    Teenagers annual spending power climbed from $10 billion in 1950 to $25 billion by 1959. In 1956, Elvis Presley erupted onto the pop music scene, singing songs that broke all sales records, such as 'Heartbreak Hotel' and 'Hound dog'. The same year Elvis record sales were 10 million out of 90 million all together.

  1. Nazi Germany

    Subjects underwent a major change in schools. - History was based on the glory of Germany - a nationalistic speech was compulsory. - Biology became a study of the different races to 'prove' that the Nazi belief in racial superiority was a sound belief and "Racial Instruction" started as the age of 6.

  2. FAILURE OF REVOLUTIONS IN ITALY

    iii. King Ferdinand II (Bomba) was able to use the opportunity to recall the Neapolitan army which was used to reconquer Sicily and re-establish his autocratic rule once again. d) Another important factor was the intervention of Louis Bonaparte against the Roman Republic which prevented Mazzini and garibaldi from rallying the movement and reinstated the Pope.

  1. How far is the 1932 revolution in Thailand a revolution?

    This revolution has brought to Thailand the sense of nationalism and democracy. The new government was able to cancel some of the extraterritorial rights enjoyed by the foreigners through unequal treaties.6 It also brought about the ideology of democracy for the first time.

  2. The Industrial Revolution

    Many people also lost money from investments they had made in the canals, although the canals had a short time of success, they were quickly overtaken by the invention of trains. Also people who worked in the canals found themselves unemployed and out of work when the trains came.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work