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Native Americans in U.S. History - worksheet questions and answers.

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Introduction

A Century of Dishonor: Native Americans in the 19th Century Directions: Use the primary and secondary documents included to access information about Native Americans in the 19th Century. Answer the questions that follow. Native Americans in U.S. History 1. List four factors that led to white encroachment on Indian lands in the time period 1840-1870. The California Gold Rush, having been under Spanish and Mexican rule, and the Indian Removal Act (1830) that led to the Trail of Tears. 2. Read about the "Sand Creek Massacre." Why did it have such an impact on American public opinion? Because the massacre of these Indians was against the peace agreement and most of the victims were women and children so many were upset with this action. 3. Read about "The Battle of Little Big Horn." Why was Custer there? What was the result of the battle? Custer was there trying to re-organize the reservation and trying to get on without the Native Americans permission. He lost terribly to the Native American army and many of his soldiers died. 4. Read about "Chief Joseph and the Nez Perc´┐Ż." Why is Chief Joseph's story a particularly troubling one? Read "Chief Joseph's I Will Fight No More Forever speech." In what ways is this speech indicative of the Native American psyche in the late 1870s? He tried to become one of the Native American hero's and marched his Nez Perce people through the Northwest region. ...read more.

Middle

4. What was the importance to Ah-nen-la-de-ni of the school changing his name? He felt like he had lost himself and that he was someone with his original name. By giving him a new name he had to get familiar with a new person in a way when had to get rid of all the things he had been with his old name. He felt that his original name connected him to his ancestors and who he was yet now his new name made him different and disconnected form his heritage. The idea of being a part of his tribe was gone. 5. What was the rule for speaking at the school? What happened if you broke it? The rule was the kids had to speak in English or not speak at all. If they broke that rule, they were either made stand in the hall for a long time or made to march around the yard while all the other kids played. 6. Looking at the pictures in Document 3, describe the differences between the individual on the right, and the one on the left: (They are photographs of the same individual). How does this reflect a change in government policy? The individual had to cut his hair, change the way he dressed and had to get rid of all the jewelry he wore. The government made the policy that the Native Americans had to change to dress and act like an American. ...read more.

Conclusion

10. What objections did Standing Bear have to the clothing his people were required to wear? He felt that the clothes restricted the amount of nature the body was exposed to. He felt that the Native American clothes were easier to breathe in compared to the American clothing style, which was heavy and absorbed all the sweat. 11. Helen Hunt Jackson offers a scathing indictment of US policy toward Native Americans. To what extent are her concerns valid? It's valid to a good extent because she feels this is unfair and rude towards the Native Americans that the government is making them all citizens so that they don't have to deal with their ways. She compares in giving all of them citizenship as in giving them all medicine regardless what symptom they have or to disease they have. In this comparison she shows that by giving them all a citizenship, the government is just trying to solve the problem without actually looking into it and trying to help out each Native American. 12. Had you been President during this time period, what (if anything) would you have done differently in regards to Native Americans? I would have given them citizenship the way it's given presently in the U.S, and I would have allowed them to carry on with their own way of life without a problem. I would still educate them and see to it that they learn English so it would help them live better in U.S, but I would still allow them to speak their language. ...read more.

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