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Natural and supernatural approaches towards medicine through time

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History essay: Natural and supernatural approaches towards medicine through time During the periods you have studied this term, which had the most impact on medicine: supernatural or natural approaches to disease? Supernatural is something which is not natural. This is something that does not exist or something that is beyond nature's laws. However, natural is something that is within nature's laws such as natural thinking. Natural approaches would be something that is lifelike and easy to believe. In my essay, I will be explaining what was more important: natural or supernatural approaches towards medicine and how this was changed over time. I will be explaining when there was a real 'change' in the medicine world and why this came about. There were many supernatural approaches coming from the Egyptians. For example, in the Ancient Egypt period, people still believed that bad spirits were entered into their bodies and so they would need to cast them away with things. Many people casted out evil spirits by mixing up some sort of bad smelling herbs potion or they made charms that would protect them. These charms were called amulets. ...read more.


You would have to stay over for the night and during the night, Ascleipius would attend you with his two helpers and you would get healed. This has not been proven and so it is a supernatural approach towards medicine. Greeks also began thinking for scientific reasons for explanations. Some Greeks were passionate thinkers and were called 'philosophers.' This means that they were 'lovers of wisdom' and did not like the idea of gods curing you. In most Greek states, it was seemed important to get a good education and physical education. They thought that someone who had a fit and healthy body would be a sign of beauty. In the Greek states, there was not only one government but they were organised into many small governments. This meant that people had a lot of freedom so that they could express their ideas and theories more clearly. There were many important figures such as Hippocrates and Galen. These figures were followed by many people even after they had past away as their work was preserved. The Romans one again was not much different to Egyptians and the Greeks. ...read more.


For example, a plant may resemble a part of your body meaning that if you used that part of the plant, it would cure that part of the body. Also, two of the four main people in this period; Pare and Paracelsus were religious which means that their work may not be correct. On the other hand, they did correct old incorrect ideas so that people would understand more about medicine. Dissection also became more common and people were more familiar to body parts than they were before. Overall, I think that the main approach to medicine in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance was supernatural approaches. There were a lot of natural ideas but I think that more people were beginning to think supernaturally and were not that interested in knowledge. Although there was a significant amount of knowledge gained in the Renaissance, it still was not that much. To conclude, I think that both supernatural and natural approaches were evident throughout the periods and they were both linked to the gaining of knowledge in medicine. Natural approaches were growing in importance and people were beginning to realise the role of medicine. However, by 1700, the medical world was still no closerr to discovering the true causes of disease. People were still influenced by supernatural or religious ideas. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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