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Nazi Germany 1933-45 Source Work

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Introduction

Specimen Materials 65 History Oxford, Cambridge and Nazi Germany 1933-45 (a) Study Source B. From this Source and your own knowledge, explain why, in the summer Hitler was keen to stress that 'Revolution is not a permanent state; it must not into a lasting state'. (line 3) (b) Study Source A. How completely does this Source reveal Hitler's intentions as leader of Germany January 1933? (c) Study Sources C and D. Compare Hitler's intentions and aims in 1936 as shown in these Sources and the differences. (d) Study all the Sources. Using all these Sources and your own knowledge, explain Hitler's aims and as leader of Germany in the period 1933-1939. It is recommended that you spend one half of your time in answering Part (d). [Total: Specimen Materials 66 ?OCR 2000 History Oxford, Cambridge and RSA Examinations Hitler's Claims about German Interests Source A: Hitler appeals to the nation. The National Government will therefore regard it as its first and supreme task to restore to the German people a unity of mind and will. It will take under its firm protection Christianity as the basis of German morality, and the family as the nucleus of the German nation and the German state. ...read more.

Middle

To gain Band B, a specific reason must have been given, supported by appropriate knowledge. To gain Band A, candidates must demonstrate a clear understanding of Hitler's need to reassure the elites and the Generals, and of his wish to put the brakes on those such as Rohm who were demanding a second revolution whilst posing a potential threat both to the Generals and to Hitler's own authority, and have supported their understanding with appropriate examples. A mere paraphrase of the extract without explanation will deserve little credit and adequate comprehension can be awarded Band E. Band C answers will combine description with some valid explanation. In the less satisfactory answers, Band E responses will prove a basically acceptable explanation, providing some comments about what the Source says but with little support from the candidate's own knowledge. Band U responses will be fragmentary, simplistic paraphrases or they may be very incorrect. (b) Study Source A. How completely does this Source reveal Hitler's intentions as leader of Germany in January 1933? [25] Focus: Usefulness of a Source. To gain a mark in Band A a full evaluation of the Source, either using own knowledge or by crossreference, must have been made. ...read more.

Conclusion

[30] Focus: Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of two reasons for British decolonisation. Among issues which can be discussed are the changing attitudes to Empire after the Second World War, internal difficulties, the rise of nationalism and changing international pressures. A basically acceptable explanation of one factor with some awareness of the other can be awarded Band E. Band C answers will probably be very descriptive but will contain some attempt to explain. The assessment and explanation will be clear in Band A answers; the two reasons will be explained in a convincing and sustained manner. (b) How far and for what reasons, during this period, did Britain's attitude to cooperation with other western European countries change? [60] Focus: Assessment of the extent and reasons for Britain's attitude to western European cooperation. Band A answers will show an awareness of the changing situation and the modification of British policy. They will distinguish between 'How far?' and 'for what reasons?'. The sense of priorities will be apparent. Band B answers will be mostly good but will miss some possible lines of discussion; alternatively they may not make clear the distinction between the two elements in the question. Answers in both of these bands will consider the period from 1939 to 1945. Band C answers may provide sound descriptions; they will be largely relevant but the explanation will usually be implied rather than overt. ...read more.

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