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Nazi Germany

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Introduction

Nazi Germany The nature and purpose of the Hitler Youth movement The Hitler Youth ("Hitler Jugend") was a movement for boys between the age 14 - 18 in Nazi Germany. This came after the little Fellows and Young Folks which started with the age of six. The main purpose of the Hitler Youth which had been founded in 1926 was to instruct young people into the way of Nazi thinking. The Nazis knew that not all grown-ups would accept their ideology. The only way to be successful would be to inject their idea of an Aryan state into the youth in a child like way i.e. meetings with activities, contests, camping and camp fire. The youth needed to wear uniforms showing that they were a part of this important country. They sang songs and learned how important they were in the Third Reich. This was just another or the best way in using propaganda for the youth. In 1933 when Hitler was appointed Chancellor the Hitler Youth was the only youth movement for boys. For girls it was the League of German Maidens. In school the pupils learned about the history of Germany - the loyalty to the F�hrer was right and good. In biology they were told how special they where because of the Aryan race and everyone else was evil ("minderwertig"). ...read more.

Middle

Also, wages did not increase significantly and many families wanted a second income. Between 1933 and 1939 the number of women working increased from 11,6 to 14,6 million. 'The most important reason why there was little opposition in Germany towards the Nazi regime was its use of propaganda.' Explain how far you agree with this statement. It is right that propaganda was an important reason why there was little opposition in Germany towards the Nazi regime but it was not the only one; there were a few other causes: the youth policy, the increase and improvement in the economy, the policy towards women and the way the opposition were treated. The Nazi used propaganda toward rallies, speeches by Hitler and Goebbels (the minister of propaganda), pro Nazi newspapers and magazines. There they talked about how good the Nazi policy is and what they do for their nation. "The idea of struggle is as old as life itself. In this struggle the stronger, the moreable, win while the less able, the weak, lose" - Hitler in a speech at Kulmbach, 5 February 1928. It was easy to use political messages that were presented in a way to influence peoples thinking. A chancellor who was interested in his nation and wants to create a powerful nation, why would someone not like this way of policy? ...read more.

Conclusion

And beside that people were just scared. All these phenomenons are explanations why there was just a little opposition in Nazi Germany. Of course propaganda played an important roll, it held all this together. Because of propaganda the people saw how many 'good' things the Nazi regime did for Germany and when they found out - many people never - what Hitler really wanted it was too late. In my opinion the Nazi propaganda was really successful and there was hardly any resistance and opposition against the regime because the always repeated few statements of the leaders (We bring employment; We are the biggest nation and will return to former greatness; There will be law and order in the country; also: We will get rid of the Jews and everything will improve) were for some years pretty much in balance with the reality. So the ongoing effectiveness of Nazi propaganda was for a long time well based on credibility of the messages: what they promised to the masses they could extensively fulfil. The terrible consequence was that these masses were more or less willing to ignore the highly criminal attitude behind it i.e. the killing of minorities. When radical opposition or resistance appeared (1944) it was on one hand too late, on the other hand the Nazi dictatorship powerful and brutal enough to eliminate these persons. ?? ?? ?? ?? June 2007 History Coursework 1 Milena Rivka Meixner - 1 - ...read more.

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