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Nazi Germany - Sources

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Introduction

Year 11 Coursework Nazi Germany Hannah Kelly a) I think that a Historian studying Kristallnacht would find both sources useful. Source A infers that the Kristallnacht was down to Hitler and the Nazis. As Hesse worked with the Nazis, this source appears to be reliable and not biased; it was only written in 1954, after the downfall and death of Hitler. To some this may decrease the sources reliability - but not so in my opinion. Source B infers that the Nazis did not discourage Kristallnacht, however they did not order for this to happen. The source was a secret report by the Nazi Supreme and therefore, there is a strong possibility that the context will be biased. Although it was more recent to the time compared with source A. Overall, Source A is, in my opinion, more useful for the study of Kristallnacht by a historian than source B. It is simply far more reliable! b) Source C infers that Kristallnacht was planned, and acted upon by Nazis. It confirms my choosing source A over source B in the above text. ...read more.

Middle

It goes on to state that "The police supplied SA men with axes, housebreaking tools and ladders..." while source C states, "No attempts were made to put out the fires, the activity of the fire brigade...". This suggests that even people who are most portrayed as non-discriminatory, could or would not help Jewish people on or after Kristallnacht. This was a turning point. Source D also provides some evidence for this theory, as the Jewish people seemed to know this already; a lot became frightened for their safety and left. With good reason. The sources also are all very reliable in my opinion. They were written close to the discussed events; although there may be a possibility that source D is biased in favour of the Jews. Source E says as well that he/she 'feels the need to present a true report of the recent riots, plunderings and destruction of Jewish businesses. I cannot see why this person would lie, for they have little to gain no matter what religion they follow. The note was signed 'A civil Servant', as they probably doubted their safety should a Nazi find out about the note. ...read more.

Conclusion

It also proves that both countries (Britain and Russia) had a very good idea of the kind of things that were happening in Germany but decided not to act. e) Source I does prove that Goering was telling the truth in source H. In source I, a woman is complaining to Hitler about the destruction of her property during the events of Kristallnacht. She refers to what the Nazis did as "...destroyed everything for me like elephants in a china shop, and much worse!" In source H, Goering is very angry at this mass destruction. He sates that "it is not acceptable to me that he should upset my difficult economic tasks by destroying so much Jewish property of economic value and by causing so much disturbance in economic life." His only concern seems to be that it is incredibly wasteful. He wants people to save items they find, such as toothpastes a well as any other useful materials. Goering is telling the truth. f) The sources do not, in my opinion, support the claim that 'Kristallnacht was a spontaneous event by the German people' very much at all. Source A plainly states that the events that happened on 9th November 1938, were organised by Hitler and his Nazi party. ...read more.

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