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'Nazi Policies towards Jews were Brutal but Erratic'. Asses the validity of this judgement about the consequences of Nazi Anti-Semitism in the years 1933-39 In the years after the Machtergreifung in 1933

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Introduction

'Nazi Policies towards Jews were Brutal but Erratic'. Asses the validity of this judgement about the consequences of Nazi Anti-Semitism in the years 1933-39 In the years after the Machtergreifung in 1933, German Jews were subject to fluctuation levels of violence and intimidation at the hands of the Nazi Party and its supporters. The variations in intensity were the result of a number of factors including the occasion of the Berlin Olympics, and internal rivalries in the Nazi party about the best way to proceed with Anti-Semitic policy. 'Brutal' is defined in the Oxford dictionary as Cruel, harsh or savage,' and in consideration of this, Nazi treatment of Jews between 1933 and 1939 was certainly brutal. The earliest example of this brutality comes during the Nazi seizure of power in 1933, when Nazi SA troops assaulted and murdered an estimated 45 German-Jewish citizens. This type of random violence exemplified by the SA was carried out daily in 1933, with victims being hauled into 'Wild Camps,' places of torture and murder set up in abandoned factories and army barracks. Michael Wildt, an author described random acts of such as 'SA men kidnapped theatre director Paul Barnay and beat him with rubber clubs and dog whips so severely he was later hospitalised.' ...read more.

Middle

This law carried with it the premise that Jews were racially inferior to Aryans, and were thus unclean, and this would have been intensely insulting to Germany's Jews. The laws passed after Reichkristallnacht such as the yellow star law requiring all Jews to wear a yellow star on their clothes to identify themselves was another example of psychological brutality, and this particular law also incited a huge rise in random Anti-Semitic attacks as Jews became an visibly identifiable group. The treatment of Jews in Nazi Germany, for all its brutality, was hugely inconsistent for many reasons. Many of its policies seem to have been devised in a rushed manner, with, for example, the Nuremberg laws having to be altered after their original release to add a definition of the would 'Jew'. As well as this, a number of competing policies comprised Nazi treatment of Jews, a number of which contradicted each other in such a way that a workable policy was indiscernible. The way in which Nazi Anti-Semitism seemed to react to outside factors, rather than enforcing its policies on the outside factors made policies hugely changeable. An example of this is the way that the shops boycott was organised in an attempt to quell the acts of random ...read more.

Conclusion

Himmler, who was head of the SS division of the police, was primarily concerned with the expansion of the SS and its power Himmler therefore favoured a policy of forced emigration, in which Jews were forced to leave Germany through specialised emigration centres which would be set up. This policy had been worked successfully by Eichmann in Austria, who had forced over half of Austrian-Jews to leave the country for other areas of Europe. The chances of either of these plans being successful in solving 'the Jewish question,' was severely jeopardised by Goebbels' organisation of Reichkristallnacht (completely unbeknown to Himmler and Goering), as the rampant vandalising of Jewish businesses made it very difficult for a policy of Aryanisation to be remotely successful. It also contradicted Himmler's beliefs in violence 'behind closed doors,' as Reichkristallnacht was blatant Anti-Semitic violence and intimidation which attracted much negative foreign attention. In conclusion, Nazi Anti Semitic policy, whilst physically brutal, was more significantly brutal in a psychological sense through the acts committed against Jews and the discriminatory laws passed against them. The policy was erratic on a number of levels, including both its reactive approach to outside circumstance, and its internal dispute and lack of direction. ...read more.

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