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Nazi Rise to Power

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3. Analyse the methods used and the conditions which helped in the rise to power of one ruler (i.e. Hitler) of a single-party state. Hitler's rise to power, culminating in the establishment of his dictatorship in July 1933, were a direct result of the conditions of the period, and linked with the methods and policies he adopted as the leader of the Nazi Party, and then as Chancellor from January 1933. In terms of the economy, the Great Depression in 1929 emulated Hitler and the Nazis' rule, as voters looked to the extremes for a solution to the deteriorating Weimar Republic system. Secondly, the propaganda machine that Goebbels implemented upon the German people, both during the Depression and the months before the March 1933 election. Finally, the legal revolution that he led the Republic through once he became Chancellor until the full creation of his dictatorship was reality was the final step in Hitler's rise to power of the head of the Nazi party, and in turn, Germany. Ultimately, Hitler would not have become the ruler of Germany, had it not been for the Great Depression in 1929. The insecurity of the people, along with the instability of the system they were governed by, resulted in the rise of the Nazi Party to the largest in the Reichstag by July 1932, with 230 seats. ...read more.


Hitler provided an alternative, and through the media, he promised work, freedom and bread to the people of Germany, while claiming that the politicians were using corruption, lies and terror to maintain their government. The propaganda techniques used in the prelude to March 1933 were quite different to those of the Depression years, due to the availability of more resources. For example, Goebbels once wrote in his diary "The struggle is a light one now, since we are able to employ all the means of the State. Radio and Press are at our disposal." In the weeks before the election, on 27 February to be exact, the Reichstag was burnt down, with a young Communist, van der Lubbe, arrested. This gave Hitler and Goebbels the ammunition they needed to remove the Communists from the election race. The next day, the Decree for the Protection of People and State was drawn up and signed, which in essence meant that many civil and political rights were suspended indefinitely, with the position of central government strengthened. Meanwhile, Hitler openly claimed this was part of the Communist coup, and many hundreds of the Nazis' political opponents were arrested in the week leading up to the election. So by placing the blame on other parties, and strengthening his own position, Hitler was on the way to setting up his dictatorship, and he did so through a legal revolution. ...read more.


But most significantly, he passed a law on July 14 1933 that made Germany the one-party state he desired - the Law against the Formation of New Parties. However, this was quite a non-event, since in effect the major parties had already been banned or had adopted a policy of self-co-ordination. (i.e. look towards an autocratic rule like Hitler wanted) The two parties that would object to this, the Communists and the Socialists had already been banned, the Communists after the Reichstag Fire, the Socialists on June 22. So in essence, by July 1933 Hitler had risen to power of the Nazi Party, and established a system in which he was the sole ruler of a single-party state. This analysis of how and why Hitler rose to power as the head of the Nazi Party, and later as a dictator of Germany, has shown that the economic position that the Great Depression had exposed Hitler to the German people as a solution to their problem. From there, Hitler imposed clever propaganda techniques upon the voters, convincing them that he was the one to vote for. Finally, the legal revolution that he implemented after becoming Chancellor in January 1933 led the way to him becoming an ultimate dictator. Word Count: 1310 ?? ?? ?? ?? Yr 12 IB History The Rise of Hitler and the Nazis Stuart Hinchliffe Yr 12 IB History - 1 - The Rise of Hitler and the Nazis ...read more.

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