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Nelson Mandela. Within this essay I am going to write about three main turning points in Nelson Mandelas life

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Select and explain the most important Turning points in Nelson Mandela's life Within this essay I am going to write about three main turning points in Nelson Mandela's life. Mandela was the leader of the ANC youth league, he later went on to become the first black president of South Africa. He also created MK, Umkhonto we Sizwe, which helped to bring down Apartheid with their violent ways. The three main turning points I am going to write about, describe and explain are, Mandela joining the ANC youth league, starting Umkhonto we Sizwe and about his imprisonment for 27 years. I will be discussing these three events in relation to Mandela, the ANC and the anti Apartheid movement. The ANC was formed in 1912, and stood for the African National Congress, it was the main black anti Apartheid group for South Africa. It set up many protests to fight for rights but failed to achieve its aims many times. It was originally called the African Native National Congress until 1923. Its first president was a man named John Dube. The ANC had a policy of Non-violence which they later came to rethink as a response to government actions. The ANC youth league was formed to gain more members and give the chance for younger people to get involved with stamping out Apartheid. The ANC youth league was formed in 1944 and aimed entirely on destroying the Apartheid system. ...read more.


The ANC gaining more members meant they had more power and could create bigger and more powerful protests. This put pressure on the White South African Government as they made the white governments take notice and become more aware about anti-Apartheid groups forcing them to consider their Apartheid position. The ANC became a lot more radical in going about their protesting. This gave the government more problems and showed themselves as a bigger, more organised threat to white supremacy. Umkhonto we Sizwe, MK for short, Meant Spear of the Nation was also an anti-Apartheid group created by Nelson Mandela in response to the Sharpeville massacre. Umkhonto we Sizwe aimed at scaring the government and showing that they were a threat violently, as long as no life was lost in the process. They also aimed to destroy the Apartheid system and create equality throughout. Umkhonto we Sizwe has a view that violence was the only way forward and any other type of protesting wouldn't bring huge changes. They had only two choices, give in or fight, so they chose to fight. Even though they tried as hard as they could, they were unable to stop the deaths of many people which were unavoidable. However, they carried on their ways as they knew this was the only way forward. If they reverted back to the old ways of non-violence, they would put themselves back where they began. ...read more.


These countries helped heap the pressure on South African government because they were a lot wealthier and had a lot more power. They also had the backing of all the other African countries; these had only just gained independence themselves. With the backing of these countries the ANC, PAC and MK moved forward with their strikes and created huge uproar within South Africa. The white government had nothing else left to do but lose control and power over South Africa. This showed that the Apartheid system was failing and making things worse for themselves, they had to rethink its position in the government. Not long after, Nelson Mandela was released because the Apartheid system was failing under huge international and domestic pressure. If they hadn't released Mandela at the time of the Apartheid system being destroyed there would have been much uproar worldwide, mostly in the anti-Apartheid groups as South Africa was on the verge of a civil war. In conclusion, these turning points are so significant because they show the struggle in South Africa for equality and better rights throughout. It shows the life of a huge political leader, Nelson Mandela, as he helps to end the Apartheid system, which had enslaved his race. They show how the South African government will go to stop the start of equality for mixed races. They also show that the Apartheid system was a failure and that the blacks political ambition and protesting became too much for the government to handle. ?? ?? ?? ?? History Essay Lee Wilson ...read more.

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