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New Deal Essay

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Introduction

The Great Depression, an era of great poverty, misery, and hopelessness, proved to be one of the most dreadful time periods in all of America's history. During the Great Depression, dreams were lost and having a moderate amount of food everyday became a difficult challenge for many. Nonetheless, through the dark clouds, appeared the next president of the United States: Franklin Delano Roosevelt. By offering hope in his inaugural address, Roosevelt boosted morale and despair from the country for he had developed 15 methods to help the American people in this time period of melancholy. Congress approved all 15 procedures, which were part of the president's New Deal program. Regardless of it's potential to change America completely; many criticized the New Deal for being unconstitutional. However, during the New Deal reign, it stood strong and helped the country of America, more than it didn't. When Roosevelt became president, it was quite clear that banks were no longer trusted and that many banks were financially in trouble. As a consequence, Roosevelt decided to create a bank holiday, meaning that all banks were to be closed for a few days. On March 9, it took only Congress a few hours to pass the Emergency Banking Act. This act gave permission to the government to examine all banks and allow those that were financially performing well, to reopen. ...read more.

Middle

But enthusiasm soon faded, because businesses would not obey the various rules. Workers complained the codes held their wages down while consumers complained that the codes pushed prices up. People soon began to mock the National Recovery Administration by calling it 'National Run Around'. Pretty soon a question arose, whether or not the National Industrial Recovery Act was reasonable. In 1935, this question reached the Supreme Court and the National Industrial Recovery Act was found unconstitutional. Another issue that the New Deal tired to improve during the Great Depression but turned out to be unconstitutional was agricultural. To raise farm prices and thus increase farmer's purchasing power, Roosevelt proposed that farmers cut production. This idea or Agricultural Adjustment Act was approved and passed by Congress in May 1933. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration was established and they paid farmers to reduce their output of cotton, wheat, corn, hogs, rice, tobacco, dairy products, and other substances. The money for these payments came from taxes on food processors that included meat packers, canners, and flour millers. In about a year, the production of many agricultural products reduced and thus the price for each item increased. Agricultural growers now had more money to spend and because of this, economy recovery occurred. Critics however, saw the negative side of this program. ...read more.

Conclusion

Support 2: (+ outcome) Federal Emergency Relief Administration/ * Roosevelt that billions of dollar be given to local agencies so people can get some sort of money and thus survive * 8 billion people surviving with program. Many disliked it so Harry L. Hopkins organized the Civil Works Administration * Provided jobs such as raking, picking up trash * Men 18-24 were given jobs as army men. They were trained to perform certain tasks Support 3: (- outcome) National Industrial Recovery Act * Passed by Congress in June 1933: pump the economy * Stimulate industrial and business activity and reduce unemployment by stabilizing prices, raising wages, limiting workers' hours and providing jobs * The Public Works Administration provided jobs. Encouraged companies to build public areas * National Recovery Administration asked competition to be fair * Supreme Court found this unconstitutional Support 4: (- outcome) Agricultural Adjustment * Passed by Congress in 1933. Purpose was to improve farmer's purchasing power. * Agricultural Adjustment Administration paid farmers reduce cotton, wheat, corn, hogs, rice, tobacco, dairy products, and other substances. * The money for payments came from taxes- processors- meat packers, canners, and flour millers. * Was found unconstitutional for farmers gained more power. Civil people lost purchasing power. Conclusion: * All in all New Deal had + and - features * +Banks, loans, and jobs were created * -Unconstitutional aspects * Over all impact was + due to the reason that it helped the country ...read more.

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