• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

New Deal Essay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Great Depression, an era of great poverty, misery, and hopelessness, proved to be one of the most dreadful time periods in all of America's history. During the Great Depression, dreams were lost and having a moderate amount of food everyday became a difficult challenge for many. Nonetheless, through the dark clouds, appeared the next president of the United States: Franklin Delano Roosevelt. By offering hope in his inaugural address, Roosevelt boosted morale and despair from the country for he had developed 15 methods to help the American people in this time period of melancholy. Congress approved all 15 procedures, which were part of the president's New Deal program. Regardless of it's potential to change America completely; many criticized the New Deal for being unconstitutional. However, during the New Deal reign, it stood strong and helped the country of America, more than it didn't. When Roosevelt became president, it was quite clear that banks were no longer trusted and that many banks were financially in trouble. As a consequence, Roosevelt decided to create a bank holiday, meaning that all banks were to be closed for a few days. On March 9, it took only Congress a few hours to pass the Emergency Banking Act. This act gave permission to the government to examine all banks and allow those that were financially performing well, to reopen. ...read more.

Middle

But enthusiasm soon faded, because businesses would not obey the various rules. Workers complained the codes held their wages down while consumers complained that the codes pushed prices up. People soon began to mock the National Recovery Administration by calling it 'National Run Around'. Pretty soon a question arose, whether or not the National Industrial Recovery Act was reasonable. In 1935, this question reached the Supreme Court and the National Industrial Recovery Act was found unconstitutional. Another issue that the New Deal tired to improve during the Great Depression but turned out to be unconstitutional was agricultural. To raise farm prices and thus increase farmer's purchasing power, Roosevelt proposed that farmers cut production. This idea or Agricultural Adjustment Act was approved and passed by Congress in May 1933. The Agricultural Adjustment Administration was established and they paid farmers to reduce their output of cotton, wheat, corn, hogs, rice, tobacco, dairy products, and other substances. The money for these payments came from taxes on food processors that included meat packers, canners, and flour millers. In about a year, the production of many agricultural products reduced and thus the price for each item increased. Agricultural growers now had more money to spend and because of this, economy recovery occurred. Critics however, saw the negative side of this program. ...read more.

Conclusion

Support 2: (+ outcome) Federal Emergency Relief Administration/ * Roosevelt that billions of dollar be given to local agencies so people can get some sort of money and thus survive * 8 billion people surviving with program. Many disliked it so Harry L. Hopkins organized the Civil Works Administration * Provided jobs such as raking, picking up trash * Men 18-24 were given jobs as army men. They were trained to perform certain tasks Support 3: (- outcome) National Industrial Recovery Act * Passed by Congress in June 1933: pump the economy * Stimulate industrial and business activity and reduce unemployment by stabilizing prices, raising wages, limiting workers' hours and providing jobs * The Public Works Administration provided jobs. Encouraged companies to build public areas * National Recovery Administration asked competition to be fair * Supreme Court found this unconstitutional Support 4: (- outcome) Agricultural Adjustment * Passed by Congress in 1933. Purpose was to improve farmer's purchasing power. * Agricultural Adjustment Administration paid farmers reduce cotton, wheat, corn, hogs, rice, tobacco, dairy products, and other substances. * The money for payments came from taxes- processors- meat packers, canners, and flour millers. * Was found unconstitutional for farmers gained more power. Civil people lost purchasing power. Conclusion: * All in all New Deal had + and - features * +Banks, loans, and jobs were created * -Unconstitutional aspects * Over all impact was + due to the reason that it helped the country ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. T.Roosevelt and the New Deal.

    The events of 1936 took their toll on Roosevelt and he became more cautious after 1936. He cut, the New Deal budget. He laid off many workers employed by the New Deal's own organisations and the cut in spending triggered other cuts throughout the economy Unemployment spiralled up once more.

  2. "The New Deal brought 'Relief, Recovery and Reform' to the United States 1933-45 "assess ...

    The Tennessee Valley Authority was set up on the 18th May 1933. It's aims were flood control, agricultural re-generation, cheap electricity and relieving the farmers of the Tennessee valley who were plagued with annual crop destroying floods. The TVA provided relief and recovery to the area, reforming one of the

  1. Depression and The New Deal

    Speculators believed that they could make quick profits in the Stock Market - "get rich quick". Nation's leaders encouraged this and advised ordinary people to play the Stock Market and make their fortune. By 1929, there were signs that this will be ending.

  2. Explain The Main Features of the New Deal

    (one of his alphabet agencies) which enabled America to insure deposits of up to $5,000. This meant American trust in the banking system was greatly restored and intensely helped Roosevelt's aim of recovery. Roosevelt also passed the Economy Act, which was an act to basically pump more money in to the government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work