• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

New Deal - questions and answers.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

American Coursework a) Explain the new features of the New Deal There were many features to do the new deal. Roosevelt had promised action and in the first hundred days of his administration, he kept up a very hectic pace of activity. During the time of his election the economic crisis deepened and bank failures increased. FDR's first task was therefore to restore confidence in the banking system. The most important acts of congress passed in the hundred days were those which tried to bring relief for the unemployed and recovery from the depression in both industry and agriculture. Alphabet agencies were set up to put the new acts into practice. The federal government at this point had now played a greater role in American life than ever before. When FDR came into power America's economy was on the brink of collapse. Unemployment stood at 13 million and banks were closed in 38 states. FDR's first New Deal victory came about by saving the nation's banks; he issued a decree closing the nation's bank and called congress back into session. The government would aid the banks in the best way they could, strong banks would reopen the next day and weaker banks closed with weaker ones helped by government loans. ...read more.

Middle

The Wall Street crash started when share prices were unrealistically high and when people began to sell their shares prices fell. By the end of the day people were ruined and companies were forced to be shut down and the stock market completely collapsed. This made economic problems worse and the Great depression affected America in many different ways. Even before the Wall Street crash there were flaws in the economy and this only helped show these flaws which cost America. There was a weakness in the economy and it was suffering as a result of falling demand and overproduction. Too much income from the income from the prosperous was going into few hands and the republicans helped make the wealthy even wealthier. There was a decline in demand which led to industries cutting back production so workers were sacked and the unemployed could not afford goods, and a cycle appeared which was badly affecting America. The crash revealed badly structured companies and banks lacked proper cash reserves and lent too easily, by 1929 many banks went bankrupt and by 1933 4,000 banks had collapsed. President Hoover blamed the depression on international economic problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even though this was done employers were still arguing with the unions and the relationship between workers and employers still remained difficult. Strikes also still occurred. The new deal gained a large amount of black votes because of his relief agencies. But some agencies discriminated against blacks e.g. AAA and NRA. Black workers were removed form jobs and black farmers lost land. FDR never actually said he wanted "equal rights" for blacks as he would have lost many votes from white people. However FDR may have actually wanted this as he supported the anti-lynching Bill so the new deal helped this with the black people actually being appointed to posts in the new deal agencies. The new deal got the chance for women to promote "women's rights". Women made up nearly 25% of the workforce and many suffered from the effects of the depression. Eleanor Roosevelt and others helped set up public works programmes for women and in the 1930s the first women to become a member of the presidents cabinet was Frances Perkins, and women could be appointed to being administrators in the alphabet agencies. The new deal did help America out of the depression however it did produce more problems to American life that was needed. Edward Clive 11CBG ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. The crash (causes and consequences of the Wall Street Crash)

    They paid fairly reasonable fees. I just came across a handbook that I had between 1931 and 1934, and, by God, I was in those days making $2,000 a month, which was a hell of a lot of money... Source 4: Interview by Studs Terkel, quoted in Hard Times, 1970.

  2. New deal did it bring about the recovery of the American economy

    All of the employment programs were costing the tax payers. Taxes for just about everything had risen significantly. Roosevelt forced consumers to pay high prices for products, and because of the AAA food prices had been raised, discounting was even banned.

  1. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    The photographer was trying to show how racist America was at the time as only white Americans are in the photograph conveying a wonderful lifestyle, and the black Americans who had suffered because of America's prejudice had been reduced to needing government relief.

  2. Explain the main features of the New Deal

    Farmers were also having problems. The measures taken to protect and help farmers worked extremely well for the richer farmers, but they seemed to leave out the smaller farmers in the southern areas of America. Their prices were better but the problems such as 'dust bowls� and poor crop yields were still existent.

  1. History coursework: Was the New Deal successful?

    The masses of abandoned farmland became known as the Dust Bowl, and the country was losing its soil, forests and water because of it. Source B presents the government's actions: "Roosevelt tackled it with energy. Three million young men in the Civilian Conservation Corps planted 17 million acres of new forests and built over 6 million dams to stop erosion".

  2. How successful was the New Deal - FDR

    This act could indicate that there was more that Roosevelt could have done to make America a better place considering social and financial matters but failed to do so. However, Black Americans benefited from the New Deal slum clearance and housing projects.

  1. The Wall Street crash, the great depression and its how it affected the lives ...

    Many stockbrokers had anticipated the crash as early as 1928. They saw that they could avoid the losses by selling their shares as soon as they could. They then kept the money and enjoyed seeing the value of their money increase during the depression.

  2. Was the New Deal a success? (Source based questions)

    focuses on the fact that ?he had 11 million unemployed? and that ?the cities were filling with jobless workers?. It strongly disapproves of the level of government employment, describing the war as Roosevelt?s saving grace that majorly decreased unemployment levels.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work