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NEW YORK CITY AND WASHINGTON, D.C., NEW YORK CITY New York City is the largest city in the United States with a population of over 8 million. The Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazano discovered New York Bay in 1524. Henry Hudson reached the area in 1609 and sailed up what was later to be named the Hudson River. In 1624 the Dutch bought Manhattan Island from native Indians for $24 and founded the colony of New Amsterdam. The English captured the colony in 1664 and renamed it New York. For a short time New York City was the Capital of the United States and George Washington was inaugurated as the first President on Wall Street in 1789. New York City consists of 5 boroughs: Manhattan, the Bronx, Staten Island (Richmond), Brooklyn, and Queens. Only the Bronx is on the mainland. Brooklyn and Queens are located on the western end of Long Island, while Manhattan and Staten Island are each separate islands. In addition there are islands in New York Bay and the East River. ...read more.


Just north are Chinatown (the largest Chinese population living outside of Asia) and Little Italy. The area from 34th Street to 59th Street contains many well known sites. On 34th and 5th Avenue is the Empire State Building, now the tallest building in the city. At 34th and 8th Avenue is one of New Youk two railroad stations: Pennsylvania Station. The station is below grould level and above it is the circular sports arena Madison Square Garden. At 42nd and 8th Avenue is the Port Authority Bus Station while at Park Avenure is the Grand Central Railroad Station. At the east end of 42nd Street and the East River is the United Nationas Complex. Just to the north of 42rd at the junction of Broadway and 7th Avenue is Times Square, considered to be the center of Manhattan. Broadway north of Times Square is the Theater District. Along 5th Avenue from 34th to 59th Street are many fine shops. Rockefeller Center at 50th and 5th Avenue is the radio and tele-communications center of the United States. ...read more.


West of the monument the Mall becomes the Reflecting Pool, and at the western end of the Mall is the Lincoln Memorial. Directly north of the Washington Monument is the White House which is flanked by the Executice Office Building and the Treasury. Near the Treasury Builing is the Washington Aquarium. Along the north side of the Mall are The National Gallery of Art, The Natural History Museum, The Museum of American History (all parts of the Smithsonian Museum), and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. Futher to the north are the FBI Building and Ford�s Theater, where Lincoln was assassinated. Along the south side of the Mall are the the Botanic Gardens, the Air and Space Museum (part of the Smithsonian Museum) the Smithsonian Castle, the Holocaust Museum, and the Korean Veterans Memorial. West of the Lincoln Memorial is the Potomac River, along which to the north is the Kennedy Center for the Preforming Arts and to the south the Jefferson Memorial. On the west side of the Potomac is Arlington Cemetary, which contains the Tombs of The Unknown Soldiers and the graves of John F. and Robert F. Kennedy. To the south of Arlington Cemetary are the Pentagon and Ronald Reagan National Airport. ...read more.

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