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Newport Quay

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jack Sprake Centre: 59022 June 2009 Local Study Newport Quay Why was Newport Quay so busy in 1900? In 1900 Newport Quay would've been really busy. There were many warehouses which held a variety of things. There was a rope store, a brewery, beer storage, a bonded warehouse and general storage space. Everything was imported/ exported through Newport Quay which sits on the LBP (lowest bridging point) of the River Medina; everything was brought through here because it was a central location, with water access. This was vital as the easiest way to travel was by boat, so things could be taken to and brought in from the mainland from here; and because it's central it was the easiest place for everyone to get to. It was only 13 miles to the point furthest away from it. This was good, because there were no cars, the main town needed to be in walking distance for everybody. Because it was central it was easy for everyone to get to the market which sold many island- produced and imported items; everything could easily be brought in by boat or wagon and sold. One of the main imports was tobacco, everyone smoked so this had a really high demand causing it to be one of the main imports to the island. Another import was fish; it was hard to catch good quality fish on the island so this was imported. Other imports include: furniture, material, processed food, rice and fruit. All of these were brought on to the island to be sold on; processed food was an amazing new invention so was extremely popular, it was the first time fruits like strawberries could be eaten out of season. The final main import was coal; this was bought onto the island for the main source of energy. Coal was used to heat homes; trains used it on the railways to power their engines. ...read more.

Middle

But all of the above played key parts in the Quay's use declining; everything there was outdated so not needed. People could travel around easier and could just turn gas on; the Quay was just part of the past. Carriers were replaced with lorries, breweries were run out of business by bigger breweries like Whitbread who sent their own brew over by boat, and the Rope Store was taken out by the extreme size change in these boats. All these places could've changed to suit this change if it wasn't for their location; they were surrounded by narrow streets so were completely inaccessible. But Newport still wasn't quite what it is today... Jack Sprake Centre: 59022 June 2009 Local Study Newport Quay How and why has the Quay been regenerated? Mew Langton's brewery warehouse is the Quay Arts Centre, the Rope Store is also part of the Quay Arts Centre and the Shephard Brothers warehouses are now a block of flats. These changes were brought on by many different factors; one of the main ones of these is money. This was of course necessary to repair the buildings and then set up and maintain the business. The Quay project was donated money from many sources: the lottery gave �600,000; the Arts Council (�50,000) and Southern Arts (�10,000); and the Isle of Wight Council �40,000) helped with the costs. Also the local authority gave an annual grant of �35,000 which was later put up to �55,000. Money also came from the people that bought the flats (Shephard Brother's Warehouses). There was generally more wealth at this time, there were more jobs due to privatization and the rapid change in transport, and this meant more work so more people earned a decent living. When the public have more money they feed it back into the system by shopping, this makes shops thrive and give the people working there more money, other businesses then see how well these companies are doing so move in; this provides more jobs so more money. ...read more.

Conclusion

The history of Gloucester Quay is very familiar; in C19 warehouses were occupying the quays narrow streets. Then at about the early 1950s everything slowly started shutting down. The buildings were listed in late in late 1960s. Now they have all been regenerated into museums, restaurants, shops and a leisure + arts centre. All the dates even roughly match Newport Quay, so the same reasons for these things happening is highly likely. Lorries and boats couldn't get to them, the warehouses were rendered useless; and the small businesses were rendered inadequate by bigger companies. So nationally Newport Quay is very typical. Lonsdale Quay in North Vancouver is much bigger yet still roughly the same thing happened there. Warehouses were built there, there was a wide variety of sizes and were mainly used for storing timber. These buildings were slowly run out of business in the 60s; this is when some were listed. This place is so large that they are still regenerating the area today. Now there is over 90 shops and other services, including caf�s, restaurants, hotels, entertainment for kids, markets, and art is sold there. So on an international level the Newport Quay is still typical, it shuts down, probably due to the same reasons. Then got regenerated over a much larger period of time, but still into roughly the same things, however it's still not all regenerated. The Quay is the way it is today because of the huge public demand for leisure at the time and the government wishing to spend money on the Island to get lost votes back. The government had access to money; this money enabled the scheme to be a success. English Heritage listing the buildings is why the scheme is located at the Quay; it is typical for this type of regeneration to happen at a Quay. The main reason the Quay fell into decline is the narrow roads, these stopped lorries getting to the Quay, so as technology moved on the Quay fell into disrepair as it was run out of business. ...read more.

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