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Northern Ireland - Bloody Sunday.

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Introduction

Northern Ireland Coursework Bloody Sunday has made a very big impact on Ireland and events occurring there since 1972. According to Lord Widgery, the soldiers acted in self-defence, therefore it was not their fault and could not be blamed. Republicans were very annoyed by this verdict, so in 1998 a new inquiry was started called "The Saville Inquiry". The inquiry has so far cost �130m. The final cost will be in the region of �150m. An estimated �15 million of net additional costs arose from the transfer of the hearings to London from Londonderry. The point of this inquiry was to re-examine the evidence of what happened on Bloody Sunday. There is an ongoing debate about how useful people think this inquiry will be. The background to Bloody Sunday: I think The Saville Inquiry will not be able to solve the problems Bloody Sunday caused because of many different reasons: The Nationalist grievances after partition; Catholics wanted to be joined with southern Ireland and not have to be part of Northern Ireland. Catholics also claimed that they were discriminated against. Catholics also hated "internment" - this was the practise of imprisoning anyone suspected of causing trouble without charge! The Protestants in the North were very suspicious of the Catholics. They refused to even consider the idea of a United Ireland, they were afraid of losing control and their freedom. ...read more.

Middle

1 Para! Go and get them!" Two further shots were heard. These were most likely warning shots fired by soldiers, but on hearing them the Paras opened fire, or as the platoon sergeant recalled, "We identified targets and started dropping them." Twenty minutes later, thirteen people lay dead and fourteen others were seriously injured. One of the injured died shortly after. From the fourteen deaths, some were classed as suspicious, as they didn't attack the Paras although the Paras claim they did. A few examples are: * Gerald Donaghy - He was aged only seventeen and was shot in the abdomen in Glenfada Park. Nail bombs had also been found planted in his pockets. Donaghy was the only person shot that was linked to the IRA. He was a member of their youth wing. * Michael McDaid - Aged 20. The bodies of Young, Nash and McDaid were collected in an army vehicle. Some eye witnesses say McDaid was still alive at this time. If he was alive then how come he was found dead? If the eye witnesses were correct, this would be a cause for great suspicion. * Bernard McGuigan - Aged 41. He heard Patrick Doherty's cries for help and waving a white handkerchief, moved towards him. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nine hundred and nineteen of these were called to give evidence. The number of witnesses in each category called to give evidence was as follows: * Civilian - 504 * Experts and Forensic Scientists -9 * Media (including photographers) - 49 * Military - 245 * Paramilitary or Former Paramilitary - 33 * Politician and Civil Servant (including intelligence officers) - 39 * Priest - 7 * RUC - 33 Normally, questions were put to witnesses by Counsel to the Inquiry. When appropriate, subject to the discretion of the Tribunal, questions could be put by Counsel for the interested parties. The Tribunal also questioned some witnesses. In some instances witnesses were 'screened' while giving their evidence. This meant that only the Tribunal, counsel and other legal representatives could see them. Members of the public and media could hear the evidence being given but could not see the witness while this was done. I hope that the Saville Inquiry will work, because in the past both sides were arguing, shooting and bombing each other. Now the South and the North are also beginning to talk, which is a good sign because it is all one country so they should get along. I think it will take a long time before the Catholics and Protestants trust each other, but the situation now is a lot better than it was at the time of Bloody Sunday, and hopefully the results of the Saville Inquiry will prove to be a step forward. ...read more.

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