• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Northern Ireland Question1 & 2

Extracts from this document...


GCSE Northern Ireland Coursework Question 1 What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and the Loyalists/Unionists (5 marks) The main differences between the Republicans and the Loyalists is that the Nationalists see themselves as Irish rather than British; and fight for Ireland to have a separate government to that of Britain, with their government based in Dublin. Independence from Britain is their main goal, having one united nation called Ireland. The majority the Republicans are Catholic, only some of whom have extreme views. The main political parties promoting this view are the Social and Democratic Labour Party (SDLP) and Sinn Fein, the latter has close links with the IRA which often uses violence to achieve their ends. In contrast, the SDLP is strongly opposed to the use of militant tactics and is the main voice of parliamentary nationalism in Northern Ireland. The Unionists are generally Protestants who believe in maintaining the union between Britain and Northern Ireland, therefore sharing government. ...read more.


However, as recent events have shown, there is still a great deal of mistrust among the people of the province. Chooses two events from the last 400 years, which are particularly important in the shaping the views of: a. The Loyalists/Unionists/Protestants b. The Republicans/Nationalists/Catholics Explain your answer carefully. (8 marks) There have been many events in Ireland's history that have soured relations between the Unionists and Nationalists in Ireland. One of the most significant turning points came about in the 1840's. Revolutionary Nationalism was given a new lease of life by the Great Famine of 1845-49. This was an agricultural disaster, which led to a long-lasting hatred of the English, as they arguably did too little, too late to ease the situation. In the 1845 and 1846, the potato crop failed. The Irish farmers and their families depended on the crop as a major part of their diet - the crop failure resulted in at least one million deaths. ...read more.


In 1918 the First World War ended but the mistrust between the two sides continued to grow until Civil War erupted in Ireland in 1920-21. The upshot of all the fighting was that the British government decided that the only solution was to divide Ireland into two parts - the North and the South. In 1920 the six most Protestant counties of Ulster were given their own parliament and their own government. There was a large Catholic minority in the six counties and in two of the counties there were more Catholics than Protestants. This new government of Northern Ireland became known as Stormont after the district of Belfast where it eventually met. Stormont was to have power over most aspects of life in the North but the new state was to stay part of the UK. This decision to split Ireland in two, lies at the heart of the modern argument about the future of Ireland and has led to the continuing mistrust today between the Nationalist and Unionist communities. Word Count: 459 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Labour Party

    This Act removed a lot of fear. The National Assistance Act of 1948, which made sure that everybody was covered by the welfare state, and the OSLNIA, were the backbone of the welfare state. There was also the National Insurance Industrial Injuries Act of 1946: people who were injured at work had compensations, which was a big progress for Britain.

  2. Evactuation Coursework: Question One

    In the Vilna Conflict in 1920, Poland refused to obey the leagues orders and the league were proven to be powerless. This was because the league didn't have an army, and this proved to be the leagues worst failure, because the league didn't have an army Hitler was allowed to

  1. World War 1

    The rats will feast on rotting corpses, eating eyes and livers. This makes the brown rats grow to about the size of a cat. Despite the soldiers hunting these rats with whatever they have, the rats keep reproducing by the hundreds, which cause more contamination in food and the spread of infection.

  2. Northern Ireland Coursework Question 1

    Hardline Nationalists are also known as Republicans. They are mostly members of the Catholic community. The main nationalist political voice is that of the SDLP (Social and Democratic Labour Party) and Sinn Fein. Sinn Fein is led by Gerry Adams. Not all Nationalists agree about how their goals should be met.

  1. World war 1

    All these factors let to a stalemate. c). The following were equally important why the stalemate on the Western Front was finally broken: > new technology like the tank > the American entry into the war > the blockading of German ports > the German offensive in March 1918 Explain how far you agree with this statement.

  2. You have been commissioned to undertake research into attitudes toward the Good Friday Agreement ...

    Also known as the Good Friday Agreement, it was reached on 10th April 1998 and sets out a plan for a "devolved government in Northern Ireland that all sections of the community would be prepared to participate in. It also provided for the establishment of Human Rights and Equality Commissions,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work