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Northern Ireland - source related questions and answers

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Introduction

Korhan Uysal 11BW Northern Ireland Coursework 1. What can you learn from source A about the disadvantages faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the early 1960's? Source A is from an article in the 'Sunday Times' newspaper written in 1961. The article is regarding the numbers the discrimination faced by Catholics when trying to get work. The source explains how "[out of] 10,000 workers in a Belfast shipyard - the biggest single source of employment in the city - just 400 are Catholics." This means that only a mere 4% of workers are Catholic. We are then told about how "Fermanagh County Council itself employed 370 people; 322 of the posts, including the top ones, were filled by protestants." Even though, according to the source, "The population of Fermanagh was more than half Catholic." Source A tells us that Catholics were systematically excluded from desirable jobs in both towns and the countryside. 2. How useful are sources B + C in helping to asses the extent of discrimination against Catholics? Source B and C are both very useful but have their strengths and weaknesses. Source B is a quote from Billy Sinclair a former player-manager of Linfield. Sinclair explains how "If you're a Linfield scout and you see a lad who's good, the second or third question is, "What school did you go to son?" ...read more.

Middle

The march had been organised by a group called People's Democracy which had been formed on 9 October 1968 and mainly consisted of students from the Queen's University of Belfast. The march was intended to increase the pressure for social justice and to draw attention to events in Northern Ireland since the Londonderry March on 5 October 1968. On each day of the march groups of Loyalists confronted, jostled, and physically attacked those taking part in the march. At no time did the Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC), who were accompanying the march, make any effort to prevent these attacks. The most serious incidents occurred on the last day between Claudy and Londonderry. The march was ambushed at Burntollet Bridge by approximately 200 Loyalists, including off-duty members of the 'B-Specials', and 13 marchers required hospital treatment. The march was again attacked as it passed through the Waterside area of Derry. Later in the evening members of the RUC attacked people and property in the Bogside area of Londonderry sparking several days of serious rioting. And Bloody Sunday in which Members of the British army killed 13 supposedly innocent people and seriously injured another who later died in hospital during an illegal civil rights protest. It was a combination of these long term factors and these "trigger" factors that made Londonderry the centre of all the civil rights movements. ...read more.

Conclusion

This is probably to represent how religion influenced politics and everyone else but tried to stay out of the rest of their daily affairs. Unfortunately they didn't quite manage it and it was because of religious segregation and inequality based on religion that the Troubles came about in the first place. Finally there are 2 dates graffitied on the walls of the never ending staircase. These dates represent significant events in both Catholic and Protestant history. In 1690 the Battle of Boyne took place in which William the 3rd beat James the 2nd it was a great time in protestant history and in many protestant neighbourhoods you are bound to find a mural of it painted on a wall. 1916 was the year in which the Easter Rising took place. The Easter Rising is when a group of about 1000 to 1500 Irish men and women attempted to seize Dublin. Many of them died but it is still a great day in Catholic history because they also got their point out to a greater audience because many people found about what happened through the media. Again you will be able to find murals of this in many Catholic neighbourhoods. Overall I feel that this is an excellent portrayal of the Troubles because it shows how: political, social, religious, extremist, and historical factors all played a part in making the Troubles last well in to the 90's. ...read more.

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