• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Notes on International Relations 1919-1939

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Paper 1 Section C: Germany Depth Study 1918-1945 The Unpopular Republic? Why were the German people unwilling to support the Weimar Republic? (Weimar Period = 1919-1933) * 1918 - Kaiser Abdicates * 1919 - Communists Crushed * 1923 - Ruhr Occupied o Industrial Heartland of Germany o Occupied by the French and Belgium troops * 1924 - Dawes Plan o American plan to provide capital for the German Economy * 1929 - Wall St Crash * 1933 - Hitler becomes Chancellor * Weimar Republic had a 'short, troubled history' o Mr. A - the Republic was weakened from the start because it was always associated with the Treaty of Versailles * Versailles was hated and so Weimar was hated * There was a danger that Germany would be invaded o Wilson published his 14 Points * The German generals saw a chance to negotiate a peace based on these Points before the war reached Germany o When the Generals called for a ceasefire, Wilson insisted that Keiser would have to abdicate and Germany become a democracy * The Generals refused and ordered the Army to continue fighting * Some say that the German people weren't ready for democracy in 1919 * Germans were used to a strong, absolutist monarch telling them what to do o The Navy knew that the war was lost and some ...read more.

Middle

people were starving * link between politics and social * 1923 - Germany missed a payment and French and Belgium troops occupied the Ruhr o They were going to take what was owed in the form of goods * However, Ebert ordered a strike and the workers willingly agreed in a form of passive resistance o "An unjust occupation" o Albert Leo Schlageter (he represents the violent response to the invasion) * Army Volunteer and a Lieutenant during the First World War * Could not come to terms with the e * Member of the Frei Korps o And an early member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) * He organised acts of sabotage agenised * Caught and sentenced to death after attacking a railway line * He is later remembered as a mater for the Nazi Party * The French and Belgium troops retaliated and dealt with the workers ruthlessly o 100 people were executed o 100,000 people exiled * The strike had a damaging effect on Germany o The Ruhr is the industrial heart-land of Germany * To counter the industrial slowdown, Ebert printed more money o This money wasn't backed by gold or silver bullion o However, this caused Hyper-Inflation * No inflation in 1929 * In 1924 a Billion Mark note was issued and even this couldn't get a loaf of bread * ...read more.

Conclusion

Commercial aviation then concentrated exclusively on the building fleets of aircraft which were able to transport passengers more quickly and cheaply and in greater safety. o On may 6th 1937 the Hindenburg exploded as it approached it mooring at Lakehurst, New Jersey * The 245 meters had just completed its 11th transatlantic crossing * A small explosion and fire occurred at 7:21 pm followed by a second stunning explosion * Flames burst through the end of the ship * In less than a minute the entire airship collapsed to the ground engulfed in flames * 96 of the 97 people onboard were killed * For several years, zeppelins like the Hindenburg had seemed to be the transportation of the future * The giant German flying boat the Dornier D0-X arrived in New York on the 6th September 1931, carrying 60 passengers and landed in New York harbour after flying over the city o The plane had left Lake Constance in Germany nearly a year earlier. * The Dornier represented a triumph of German technology. o It was launched on the 13th July 1929, weighed 50 tonnes, was equipped with 12 engines and could accommodate 100 passengers on 3 decks. * It even had special sleeping cabins for guests. o The flying boat had a wing span of 157 ft. (48 meters) * It could reach a speed of 150 mph ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. "Was the treaty of Versailles fair?"

    * Were reparations the main reason why there was so much anger in Germany over the Treaty of Versailles ? * In the 1920's, the other peace treaties with Hungary, Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria, did not lead to as much international argument as Versailles.

  2. How significant was the Night of the Long Knives in enabling Hitler to consolidate ...

    It would constantly bombard people with whatever the Nazis wanted them to hear using media such as the radio and newspapers. They would broadcast achievements of the regime/Hitler. In May 1933, trade unions were broken up and cemented into one organisation: the Deutsche Arbeitsfront (German Labour Front).

  1. History - International Relation Coursework

    Explain your answer. [10] [1999] 12 (a) The League of Nations had successes and failures in the 1920s. Give examples of two cases which show the League to have been successful and two cases in which the League failed. [4] (b) Why did Japan invade Manchuria in 1931?

  2. Diary Entries of Lieutenant James Symonds, September to November 1916.

    This is not normal work for an officer but I had already grown close to some of the men and thought it my duty to help them. October 9th For the past seven days we have been making heavy attacks on the Germans.

  1. Versailles and Hyperinflation, Germany 1919-28.

    The main feature of the economic crisis in Germany in 1923 was hyperinflation. The Germany currency, the mark, became almost worthless because Germany had to pay reparations of �6600 million to the allies. They printed thousands of notes, which meant that their value decreased.

  2. Was the ‘Liberal Internationalism’ espoused in 1919 destined to fail or merely a concept ...

    new type, with new technology such as machine guns largely accounting for the losses of lives. Although these losses were a direct influence on the creation of liberal internationalism as a specific doctrine because another war like the world had just experienced was unthinkable, it should be considered that just

  1. History Revision notes - International Relations: Why did WW2 break out? 1929-1939

    The Abyssinian Crisis (1935) Cause of the Abyssinian Crisis - In December 1934, 30 Italian soldiers were killed in a border clash with Abyssinian troops. Since Mussolini wanted to build an Italian empire in Africa, he used this opportunity as an excuse to invade Abyssinia.

  2. Why did international peace collapse in 1939?

    Hitler had such an ambition to abolish the Treaty of Versailles that he was willing to go to war again to get rid of it. Others might argue that this was not the most important cause of the war since the problem of Germany obeying the Treaty of Versailles because

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work