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Notes on The Alternative Establishment

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Introduction

Notes on The Alternative Establishment The male 'alternative establishment' were the trade Unions, religious groups and the press. These were as divided over the question of women's suffrage as were the politicians. * Trade Unions Although the leadership of the majority of trade unions seemed to be indifferent to women's suffrage, a number of them supported it. However the trades Union movement as a whole was split over the question of votes for women. The Trades Union congress had passed a resolution in 1884 in favour of it but little had been done in practice to promote it. 17 years later, the suggestion drew an antagonistic rather than supportive response. According to Liddington and Norris, the official union reponse ranged from 'benign indifference to downright hostility.' But not all the trade union movement was antagonistic as of course it responded differently at individual and local levels. * Religious Groups Religion played a very significant role in people's lives in the 19th and 20th centuries. ...read more.

Middle

Once the militancy escalated, the press became even more hostile, describing the suffragettes as 'mad, bad and dangerous to know.' The times in particular were most unsympathetic as were the London Standard. However there were papers that were more sympathetic - at the end of the political spectrum was 'The Workman's times' (although this too believed that women's place was in the home. The Lewisham Borough News was sympathetic to women's suffrage but criticised the militant tactics of the WSPU. Some men even published their own newspapers in support for women, perhaps to try and balance out the amount of hostility that was being received from other newspaper sources. Explain the significance of the 'Cat and Mouse' poster as a piece of Propaganda. In April 1913, as a result of adverse publicity, the prisoners' Temporary Discharge for Ill-Health Act became law. This temporarily released persistent hunger strikers from prison in order for them to recover. ...read more.

Conclusion

This poster piece of propaganda is very effective as the dubbed name 'Cat and Mouse Act' is much easier to remember than 'The Prisoners Temporary Discharge for Ill-Health Act!' Even such as a simple adjustment is enough to give the WSPU propaganda suffragettes success in catching the attention of the people and getting their point across effectively. The poster quotes 'KEEP THE LIBERAL OUT!' showing that not only do the suffragettes not approve of the Liberal actions, but they want to completely get rid of them! This shows the reaction from the suffragettes - almost a revenge - of how the liberals had led the women to believe that votes for women were achievable, only to humiliate them time after time by denying them democratic forms of protest, dismissing reform bills and conciliations etc. With the events of Black Friday, the suffragette's hatred for the liberals increased and hence the propaganda for getting rid of the Liberal government was produced and publicised. Corinne Williams ...read more.

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