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Nov 97 : How serious athreat to the French Revolution was presented by the enemies both external andinternal during the period 1789-1793?

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Introduction

HISTORY ESSAY Nov 97 : How serious a threat to the French Revolution was presented by the enemies both external and internal during the period 1789-1793? French Revolution started in 1789. Its main aim was to abolish the practice of Ancien Regime. Throughout this period of 1789-1793, the revolutionary had successfully dismantled the Ancien Regime and set up a constitutional monarchy. Later in 1792, it changed to republican form of government with the execution of Louis XVI. As the revolution progressed, France began to be threaten by enemy consist of both internal enemies (enemies that lived in France and able to provide help for the �migr�s forces) and external enemies (enemies which came from foreign countries such as Austria, Prussia, Britain, German, Italy, Spain and Holland). In this case, the external enemies were a combination of the �migr�s ( king's brothers and privileged nobility that had fled to other countries to gain military help) and the foreign forces. ...read more.

Middle

to death, decree released by the Assembly in November 1791 wherby the non-juring should take the oath of loyalty to the Civil Constitution of the Clergy within one week or deprived of their living and lastly on the decree for the formation of an army to protect Paris. As a ruler, he was supposed to protect his own country from threat by signing the above decrees instead he was concern about the return of his absolute power with the defeat of his own people by the �migr�s forces. His fled to Varennes to join the �migr�s forces and evidence of letter with the �migr�s forces was found among his belongings in the Tuileries palace which showed the king collaborated with �migr�s forces to attack his own people and country. From the above points, the king can be considered as a serious threat to the French Revolution as he provided information for the �migr�s forces. Another internal enemy was the non-juring priests who refused to sign the Civil Constitution of the Clergy which they considered as a sin ...read more.

Conclusion

Hebertist wanted to carry out the Terror to ruthless heights and abolished Christianity with the introduction of the non-christian calendar and replaced the churches with temple of reason. All this was opposed by Danton as he believed that Reign of Terror should come to an end with the successful of the revolutionary army, Robespierre as he felt that some form of religion and Supreme Being were necessary and many of the people of France as they were very religious. From the above was showed that factionism was another enemy of French revolution as it led to disunite between the people of France and further weaken the strength of the people to fight against the foreign forces. As a whole, it can be concluded that both the internal and external enemies did seriously posed a threat to the French Revolution. All this was no plan by revolutionary that had started the revolution in 1789 but was developed as the revolution progressed. therefore it not the revolutionaries that make the revolution but the revolution that make the revolutionaries. ...read more.

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