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On 30th January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor and Von Papen was appointed Vice-Chancellor, by Hindenburg.

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Introduction

On 30th January 1933, Hitler was appointed Chancellor and Von Papen was appointed Vice-Chancellor, by Hindenburg. Many events took place at around that time, such as the political scheming between the leaders, which helped to allow Hitler become Chancellor. There were also many other factors that helped to allow Hitler and the Nazis to become recognised and then eventually allowing Hitler to become Chancellor. Some factors were events that occurred many years prior to 1933, such as the Treaty of Versailles, which indirectly contributed towards Hitler becoming Chancellor because the Weimar Government could not cope with the huge reparations payments. Other past events, such as the Nazis targeting certain groups after the Depression of 1929, had a more direct effect, allowing Hitler to become Chancellor. One important reason for Hitler coming to power was that Germany was doing badly at the time. Germany's first downfall started on June 28th 1919, when the Treaty of Versailles was signed, admitting Germany's defeat in World War One. The Germans were disgusted with this treaty and awaited April 1921 when the reparation figure was announced. A certain sum had to be paid by Germany each year, which would eventually add up to �6,600,000,000. Most Germans were very annoyed about the Treaty of Versailles, the war guilt clause and the huge sums of reparations that had to be paid. At the end of 1922 no payments had been made by Germany. This led to a terrible economic crisis which had been caused by the occupation of the Ruhr by French and Belgian troops. ...read more.

Middle

As well as targeting these groups, the majority groups were targeted (the middle and working classes) who at that time were fearful of communism and economic ruin. Hitler also had the backing of the rich and powerful industrialists, which was very important as the industrialists contributed to some of Hitler's financial backing, without which he couldn't have fought his expensive election campaigns. The Nazis also offered to their targeted groups, what all Germans needed at the time of crisis - a scapegoat. They picked on certain target groups, especially the Jews, offering everyone someone to blame for the Great War and its devastating effects. People chose to vote for the Nazis, over the other parties, as the Nazis promised that they'd sort out the problems that the voters faced - restored profits for employers, higher prices for farmers and protection against competition for shopkeepers. The Nazis also seemed likely to take action, as the party seemed very strong with a powerful SA (who had already fed and housed the homeless) and a powerful leader, who had already put his future at risk by organising and going through with The Beer Hall Putsch in 1924. This seemed like just what Germany needed to restore itself to its former wealth and glory like before the war. Another reason why the Nazis won over the many other parties in the coalition was that the other major parties, including The Social Democrats and The Conservatives, just thought that ordinary Germans would see through the Hitler and the Nazis, seriously under-estimating their power. ...read more.

Conclusion

I think that this is an important short term reason, which was the final touch that allowed Hitler to come to power. But, he wouldn't have been able to sway those supposedly intelligent mens' opinions of himself if it wasn't for his striking, powerful persona, clever publicity schemes and marketing of his image. He knew just the right time for the Nazis to strike and complete their different tasks. He managed to appear responsible and respectable at all times, targeting exactly the right people with exactly what they wanted to hear, allowing the Nazis to gain backing from these people, which meant more and more seats in the Reichstag. In my opinion, the groups that Hitler targeted, played a major part in his success. If he had targeted minority groups that were already doing fairly well under Stresemann, Hindenburg, Von Papen and Von Schleicher's rules then he wouldn't have got anywhere. He had the backing of just the right people, which in my mind was the key to his success. This reason is linked very closely with the Depression, which, if I had to choose just one reason, would be it. The economic crisis that happened in Germany at the time made Stresemann look as if he was doing a bad job of ruling the country, which allowed Hitler the opportunity to publicise himself. This was the time when his extreme views suddenly became more acceptable. His powerful image made him seem hopeful to bring Germany out of the mess that it was in. Basically, when Weimar was doing badly, Hitler was doing well, so at the time of the Depression, when Weimar was doing terribly, Hitler was doing brilliantly. ...read more.

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