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One of the political structures that the revolution may have had an impact upon is the executive.

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One of the political structures that the revolution may have had an impact upon is the executive. In the ancien regime the king was the executive with no limits placed upon it, as Louis was an absolute monarch. After the 1795 constitution the executive changed dramatically. The executive became a directory of 5 members. A chamber of the legislature presents a list of 50 men for the 5 positions. The signature of three of the directors necessary to validate a directorial decision. This executive was responsible for security, commanded the army, and appointed generals. The executive had many limits placed upon it unlike in the ancien regime, another key difference is that the executive and the legislature are now completely different entities and responsible for different details of the running of the country. This is an example of the change placed upon a political structure. The political systems may have changed at the time of the revolution out of force but there is some evidence to suggest that the changes may have occurred even if the revolution hadn't have happened. ...read more.


The job of the legislature during this time was to propose and pass laws unless the executive objected them; this meant they were very powerful. In 1795 the legislature was a council of 500 members. It was now bicameral and had a 3 year mandate. Again they had all of the initiative in the legislation. The type of government in France changed throughout the years. When the Revolution against the Ancien Regime began in 1789, with the declaration of the National Assembly, the country's political system changed from being an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. The king's powers had been decreased and the National Assembly held the majority of the power. This was an indirect democracy where by you nominate someone to represent you in an election. In 1793 France became a democratic republic when King Louis XVI was executed, after being accused of being a traitor, causing bankruptcy, trying to flee the country and accepting a constitution that he did not believe in or agree with. ...read more.


When the Constitution of 1991 and the Declaration of the Rights of Man were implemented, rights became a big issue. Introduced were "man's natural and imprescribable rights", such as liberty, property, security, and freedom from oppression. There were also the "rights of the individual" which were religious toleration, equality before the law, freedom of expression and the press, freedom from arbitrary arrest, equal opportunity, and equal taxes. Property was considered "a sacred and inviolable right". In the Constitution of 1793, these rights continued to exist. In 1795, the rights were still similar although there was no mention of freedom of press or religion, and the concept of duties coinciding with rights emerged- the Declaration was "Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and the Citizen". The duties were to defend and serve society, to live under society's laws and respect its agents, and military service. People went from being a subject with virtually no rights, in the Ancien Regime, to having undeniable rights (and duties) by 1795. The French Revolution had a major effect on rights. ...read more.

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