• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

One of the political structures that the revolution may have had an impact upon is the executive.

Extracts from this document...


One of the political structures that the revolution may have had an impact upon is the executive. In the ancien regime the king was the executive with no limits placed upon it, as Louis was an absolute monarch. After the 1795 constitution the executive changed dramatically. The executive became a directory of 5 members. A chamber of the legislature presents a list of 50 men for the 5 positions. The signature of three of the directors necessary to validate a directorial decision. This executive was responsible for security, commanded the army, and appointed generals. The executive had many limits placed upon it unlike in the ancien regime, another key difference is that the executive and the legislature are now completely different entities and responsible for different details of the running of the country. This is an example of the change placed upon a political structure. The political systems may have changed at the time of the revolution out of force but there is some evidence to suggest that the changes may have occurred even if the revolution hadn't have happened. ...read more.


The job of the legislature during this time was to propose and pass laws unless the executive objected them; this meant they were very powerful. In 1795 the legislature was a council of 500 members. It was now bicameral and had a 3 year mandate. Again they had all of the initiative in the legislation. The type of government in France changed throughout the years. When the Revolution against the Ancien Regime began in 1789, with the declaration of the National Assembly, the country's political system changed from being an absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. The king's powers had been decreased and the National Assembly held the majority of the power. This was an indirect democracy where by you nominate someone to represent you in an election. In 1793 France became a democratic republic when King Louis XVI was executed, after being accused of being a traitor, causing bankruptcy, trying to flee the country and accepting a constitution that he did not believe in or agree with. ...read more.


When the Constitution of 1991 and the Declaration of the Rights of Man were implemented, rights became a big issue. Introduced were "man's natural and imprescribable rights", such as liberty, property, security, and freedom from oppression. There were also the "rights of the individual" which were religious toleration, equality before the law, freedom of expression and the press, freedom from arbitrary arrest, equal opportunity, and equal taxes. Property was considered "a sacred and inviolable right". In the Constitution of 1793, these rights continued to exist. In 1795, the rights were still similar although there was no mention of freedom of press or religion, and the concept of duties coinciding with rights emerged- the Declaration was "Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man and the Citizen". The duties were to defend and serve society, to live under society's laws and respect its agents, and military service. People went from being a subject with virtually no rights, in the Ancien Regime, to having undeniable rights (and duties) by 1795. The French Revolution had a major effect on rights. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Essay Structure

    For example: The Montgomery bus boycott by blacks in 1955 fuelled the beginnings of civil rights protest in May 1961. In spring 1963, a series of demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama led by Martin Luther King Jr., were met with mass arrests by the city police, but resulted in a settlement containing most black demands.

  2. He Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizens, 1789 - Analyse the ...

    Necessity for these contributions came in the form of funding public force and government expenditure. Further more, they had the liberty of deciding the appropriation, amount and duration of these tax contributions. Although the enlightenment provided a different perception to the nations thinking, one thought remained pivotal and that was to put an end to the Ancien regime.

  1. The Running Mate, a political novel by Joe Klein.

    This effect, in turn, fills the voters with a sense that the candidate is "down-to-earth" in a sense, and the candidate may very well be more likely voted for by the population. Folk-poking is usually associated with a media event, which serves as a way for the candidates to meet voters, and to place an impression on a population.

  2. How far had the Constituent Assembly changed France by October 1791?

    In a dramatic all-night session on 4-5 August, one deputy after another stepped forward to renounce for the good of the "nation" the particular privileges enjoyed by their town or region. By the morning deputies of all orders had proposed, debated, and approved even more systematic reform, voting to "abolish the feudal system entirely."

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work