• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Operation Bluestar

Extracts from this document...


Operation Blue Star Operation Blue Star was the codename for the attack on the Akal Takhat and the Golden Temple complex on June 1st till the 6th in 1984. On the orders of the Prime Minister of India at that time, Indira Gandhi, the Indian army invaded the Harminder Sahib Complex, also known as the Golden Temple complex. At the time of the operation, close to 100,000 army troops had been deployed throughout Punjab. Operation Blue Star was a massacre event that commenced much discrimination against Sikhs and it should not go unpunished for. The Sikhs suffered through 20 years all due to a baseless attack of Operation Blue Star in 1984 that lead to Indira Gandhi's Assassination a few months later and the Anti-Sikh Riots. From that time until the early 90's, Punjab was a witness to many human right violations from the government passiveness and police brutality. Operation Blue Star was an attack in a Sikh religious shrine that had no strong base. India's Prime Minister, Indira Ghandi, resented Sikh leaders for their opposition during the state of emergency she had declared in 1975. Mrs. Ghandi and her congress party were determined of finding a way to divide the Sikh politicians in the Punjab. The idea was to produce a Sikh leader, unbeknown to him and to project him as an extreme militant who appeared or should appear as though he was articulating the concerns of all Sikhs. ...read more.


There's truly no comparison in history. Yes, the Indian government had attacked Indians and the Sikhs will never forget this, for what it brought afterwards. Mrs. Ganhdi was assassinated in November of 1984. By the afternoon, one learned that they were her two Sikh bodyguards that killed her. It was an act of revenge of the thousands of innocents that were denied a proper death. It was at night that the mob started coming around on trucks, with cans of oil and petrol, matches and iron rods. Much like the rest of India, in Delhi, the mobs burnt up Sikh taxis, Sikh temples, Sikh factories, Sikh homes and Sikh shops. There were armed police men standing by doing nothing. Citizens were shocked. "This is what a Jew must have felt like in Nazi Germany. I, an Indian, have become a refugee in my own country." Some of the worst violence took place in Trilokpuri, a suburb of Delhi, where Sikhs and Hindus lived in close quarters. Husbands and sons were dragged out of their homes and beat with knives and swords, drowned in petrol and burned alive. Bodies were stacked up and set alight on the sides of the street. The Congress parties were entirely and completely responsible for what had happened in Delhi after Mrs. Gandhi's assassination. The killings, the burnings, the lootings, the rapes, this was all entirely due to the Congress Party. ...read more.


Innocent people have been taken out at night to the police district and have been tortured and shot. Government officials privately admit that the custodial killings of non-militants are common. They argue that they have no other way to de-moralize a terrorist movement, which enjoys the measure of sympathy in Punjab's countryside. The women were subjected to illegal detainment, rape and sometimes killed at the police stations. Promotions for more encounters you do (terrorists). The end goal was achieved: Khalistan supporters died. The courage (craze) of conviction of the people in Punjab is not easily daunted, even if they must suffer great hardships in the process. More than 2000 people in the Amritsar District alone were reported missing. Official evidence was uncovered by Jaspal Singh Dhillon's persistent inquiry where the Punjab police had cremated several thousands as unidentified and unclaimed bodies. I don't know of any history in more recent times where the police resolves political issues. It has not worked in Punjab over the last 2 decades. There is no way to assume that Punjab is now completely at peace because below the surface, the same resentment are present. Many of the grievances are unaddressed and those who have lost lives due to police brutality, their families and others are now added to those who already had grievances. What kind of justice is it when the government-supporting killers go free? ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. The Rebecca Riots

    This extract from The Carmarthen Journal on 23rd June can also be linked with yet another extract from The Carmarthen Journal on 30th June in 1843. This source talks about what 'Rebecca and her daughters' did. It tells us that late at night, disguised men on horse back wearing women's

  2. How and Why Did The Rebecca Riots Develop?

    The conditions in these places turned out to be worse than for the lowest paid worker outside. This is what another factual 'Rebecca Riots' extract tells us. The final brief source talks about the introduction of a toll on lime.

  1. Sumer project

    One had to remain in good standing within the community--for all life depended on it. Eridu (Uruk) was the southernmost and earliest settlement--along what then was the coast of the Persian Gulf. Other notable Sumerian towns (a dozen or so)

  2. Mohandas Karamachand Ghandi.

    Ghandi was determined to right wrongs and improve the rights and status of his fellow Indian immigrants. He began to tackle issues one by one. Starting with small protests and opposition to unjust South African law, Ghandi managed to organize the Indian community.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work