• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Opposition to the Nazi regime.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History Essay. Opposition to the Nazi regime. Answering this question requires me to deal with the two sources individually, evaluating them and then bringing them together at the end. The first source is an extract from "Hitler and Nazi Germany" written in 1992, so we can assume that it is pretty much up to date and as a university lecturer we can be assured that Jackson J. Spielvogel is writing with credibility at stake, and the source can be deemed reliable. In the source we are told that the main resistance came from the political left, the communists and socialists. This is a valid assertion. The KPD and SPD were driven underground as their offices were seized in 1933, the KPD with the "law for the protection of the people and the state" following the Reichstag Fire, and the SPD a few months later, because of new legislation making other parties apart from the NSDAP illegal, and with the fist of the SA this law ensured the formation of a one party state. This sealed the end of "legitimate" resistance from the parties, though arguably they became a greater danger when they went "underground", as they didn't have to worry about legality in their actions (though still had to do things that people wanted, otherwise to the world they would just be activists). The SPD quickly established a sophisticated underground resistance to oppose Nazism, with the KPD being more successful in active resistance. ...read more.

Middle

A closer analysis of the Communist groups operating in Germany into the early 1940's reveals a similar fate as the Gestapo hunted them down or they fell victim to denunciation by their fellow citizens. The Red Orchestra, a spy organisation for the USSR during the war, for instance is an example as they were defeated by the Nazi secret police and specialist forces. There are a number of points at issue with the information contained in the source extract. In the first instance I would like to reinforce that we are informed that the university lecturer is an American writing in "Hitler and Nazi Germany, 1992" and so academically reliable as we can assume lots of historical research took place for Jackson to come to this judgement. The source should ideally be read in its original context. The book the extract comes from could be merely a general survey of key developments or a collection of related articles. The view is held in line with much certainty as revised representations by western historians some of whom accept that Communists, Socialists and workers played a more active role in resisting the regime than previously thought. The author is correct in his/her view that the left, notably the Communists and Socialists were committed to resisting the regime. It should nevertheless be pointed out that Gestapo and SD action taken successfully against resistance outweighed the gains made by the extradited parties. Acts of resistance, in a survey, show a decline as the war of attrition by the Gestapo and the SD takes its toll. ...read more.

Conclusion

Yet, little headway was gained, and until the tide of the war turned against Germany most accepted Hitler. So only sporadic resistance was made, achieving little. In the latter war years, it became more powerful an element within the army, and climaxed with the only attempt on Hitler's life since his coming to power (1944, the Bomb Plot). Though a purge followed this, which crumbled most of the army's resistance in to dust. So the authors are correct in their views, "within the High Command there were those who considered Hitler an upstart", this is a valid interpretation of the facts, and as the Conservative Elites had vast resources of their own and were in a position of power within the Nazi structure, they were in a powerful position to offer resistance to the Nazi regime. Yet their greatest strength was their greatest downfall, because of their wealth, status and position in society, they had far more to risk losing than the average (probably) destitute Communist resistor, and would have less means to go against Hitler, it would take more courage from them. So, balancing the two sources up, we can see that the military were more likely the stronger force, but without the help of the others this group (and vice-versa, of course) would not have been encouraged if there was not other resistance going on somewhere, as there would be the feeling of loneliness, and of too great a risk. There are some circumstances where the two types overlap "the Red Orchestra" could be affiliated with the army and the KPD for instance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How widespread and dangerous was Youth opposition in the Third Reich?

    After the war of course many people were opposed against Nazism. Furthermore, historians raise the question, whether not participating also meant opposition. It remains the fact however, that youth resistance in the Third Reich was uncommon and politically no real danger.

  2. "The most important reason why there was little opposition in Germany towards the Nazi ...

    The Hashude aimed to reform criminals and brainwashed them with propaganda which cohersed them gently back into the regime. Rebels were not tolerated and were sent straight to concentration camps. In other words if you did not change your state of mind, you were out.

  1. Why was opposition to Nazi persecution of minorities so unsuccessful in the years 1933-45?

    For example they had two bones crossing and a skull on the helmet representing death to those that do not accept Hitler and his thoughts and dreams. In 1934 the SS had grown to more than 250,000 serving in a variety of military and administrative functions.

  2. "The most important reason why there was little opposition in Germany towards the Nazi ...

    they had an admiration for what he had done for them as people, and their country. Throughout Germany there was a large amount of groups that opposed Hitler, but because they never united they were not strong enough to overpower the Nazi regime.

  1. Thr opposition of the Church.

    of Nazism), there was little support for official public criticism of the Nazi regime, particularly when it came to such central and risky issues as the persecution of Jews. Anti-Judaism in Germany's Churches The role of anti-Judaism in Germany's Churches during the Nazi era was a complicated one.

  2. However, the German people who were hungry and bitter wanted new faces, they wanted ...

    This immediately throws into disarray the whole idea of a democracy, as well as according to a USPD deputy "if some henchmen of the Hohenzollerns (the royal family), a general perhaps were to be at the head of the Reich,"2 article 48 could be a weakness exploited by military men to use to their advantage as a military coup.

  1. Analyse and evaluate the validity of these two interpretations of the opposition to the ...

    Many resented the fact that in 1939 it was made compulsory to join the Hitler Youth, which allowed the leaders of it to concentrate on indoctrination of the youth. The extract from source A, "the emergence of "alternative and even "oppositional cultures and groups" and lines two to three in source B refers to the "Edelweisspiraten" and the "Swing Jugend".

  2. ­­How much support was there for the Nazi regime between 1933 and 1939?

    is "still" out of the line of fire of criticism, which implies that the negative feelings are growing. He suggests that there is a negative support for the Nazis overall because he talks about how Goebbels is hated and how people are uncertain about the future, and suggests that Hitler

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work