• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Origins of World War One Alliances and Ententes

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Origins of World War One Alliances and Ententes In August 1914, World War One broke out. The main cause of the war has never been established and has been among the many debates among historians studying this period. Many historians have conflicting views about what caused war to break out in 1914, and many believe there is not one cause to blame but was the result of many conflicts and disputes between different countries over a long period. There are also other causes for the outbreak of World War One including Political systems and developments, Colonial Conflicts and rivalries, The Moroccan Crises, The Balkan Wars and the July Crisis. In my opinion, Alliances and Ententes was to blame for war to break out in 1914. The main reason for this is that after Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire was shot by a Bosnian Serb nationalist. Therefore, Austria-Hungary issued Serbia an ultimatum, which they had chose to ignore, and as a result Germany, who was their ally persuaded Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia. Russia, who supported Serbia, began to mobilise. This began to escalate and France, Germany and Britain consequently got involved because of their alliances or ententes. ...read more.

Middle

The colonial conflicts included The Far Eastern Crisis, which had been a contentious issue of international rivalry. The rivalry began because Britain, who had established her economy in the Far East, felt that her position was being challenged by other powers. The crisis began after Chinas defeat by Japan in 1895 and ended with Japan's victory over Russia in 1905 at the Russo-Japanese War. The Russo-Japanese War had began after arguments over territory because Russia wanted to build a railway through Manchuria and therefore also wanted control, there, however, Japan disagreed, and therefore, war broke out. His was followed by the Boxer Rebellion an international force was sent to calm the rebellions in Manchuria. This meant that Russia could use the situation to gain more control on the territory. This worried Britain that Russia could have total control of Peking and so approached Germany to help her keep an eye on Russia and her actions. However, Germany told her that she was detached to the future of Manchuria. As a result Britain approached Japan and this resulted in the Anglo-Japanese Alliance. This resulted in Germany becoming diplomatically isolated from the rest of Europe, and also for Britain it meant that she began to move away from her policy of 'Splendid Isolationism.' ...read more.

Conclusion

If Russia were to unite with the Balkan states then it would have access to water and could then proceed to build a navy of its own. Tempers ran high in the Balkans. The only friendships that remained were the Alliances, especially the alliance between Austria-Hungary and Germany whose alliance was strengthened. The last spark before World War One began was the assassination of the heir of the Austrian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand by Gavrillo Princip a Serb nationalist and a member of the Black Hand on 28th June 1914. The motive for the assassination was that they feared that once the Archduke came to the throne he would continue to persecute the Serbs within the Austrian Empire. The Austro-Hungarian government blamed Serbia, and issued the Austro-Hungarian government a list of demands to the Serbian government, who inevitably refused these demands and denied having any part in the assassination. Therefore, World War One broke out. It is therefore reasonable to suggest that Alliances and Ententes were to blame for the outbreak of WWI because if countries such as Austria and Serbia did not have any allies there would not have been a World War, just a European War. Also, the countries colonies became involved. However, it must be stressed that there were other causes that eventually resulted in the outbreak of war in 1914. Rhiann Johns History Mrs Thomas ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    of the German army and navy, Britain's rivalry with Germany, Germany's fear of being surrounded by France and Russia, Germany's desire to dominate Europe, suspicion between the main countries and the alliance system. However, other causes were short-term like the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and the behaviour of Austria towards Serbia.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    (Thus Serbia more than ever determined to struggle for more in Macedonia.) Conclusion The Great Powers deliberately caused and intensified hostilities among the Balkan states which had become too strong after the First Balkan War and which had slip out of the Great Powers' control.

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    When France quickly paid off the indemnity and then began to build up an army, Germany was greatly alarmed. There were two possibilities before her - either to attack her militarily, but it would not be accepted by other European powers as the new Germany was regarded with both envy and distrust; or try hard to isolate her diplomatically.

  2. In order for it to succeed, must a strategic alliance be an alliance between ...

    The powerful partner captures most of the net benefits from the collaboration, to the extent that the weaker partner ends up at an inferior outcome than the pre-agreement position (McDonald, 2001) Consider the vertical the alliance between Honeywell with NEC of Japan.

  1. Why was the Abyssinian crisis a death blow to the league when the Manchurian ...

    There was no question of who was going to win. One of the main reasons for this was that the league was at least seen to do the right thing in the Manchurian crisis as they condemned Japan for invading and although they didn't do anything about it they did, in the end, came to the right decision.

  2. 'The First World War was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan Crisis in ...

    as Remack highlighted, not just on keeping the war localised but also that Austria Hungary would follow their advice and act quickly, as Bethman Hollweg said it was 'a leap in the dark'. This in itself could be seen as a crucial mistake, as without Germany's support Austria Hungary may never have done as they did.

  1. "The first world war was the result of a badly mismanaged Balkan crisis in ...

    The alliance system was therefore the result of the Balkans issue. This showed to be the start of increased tensions, shifting alliances and shaky balance of power setting the climate for future political disagreements ultimately leading to the crisis of 1914.

  2. Why did Great Britain move away from Splendid Isolation?

    Challenge from France and Russia on Africa and India was beginning to come in the form of direct threats. Russian was beginning to challenge the North western frontier of India from Asia and France expansion in Indo-China was also beginning to represent a problem.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work