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Outline the role of the Reichswehr during the early Weimar Republic, 1919-1924.

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Introduction

Outline the role of the Reichswehr during the early Weimar Republic, 1919-1924. The Reichswehr played a major role during the early years of the Weimar republic. It had the power to support and be there in times of help when needed by the government. The Reichswehr are highlighted during the time of the birth of the Weimar republic, Kapp Putsch, the Weimar constitution, Munich Putsch. The revolution and the birth of the Weimar republic was addressed when Philip Scheidemann, a well-known majority Socialist, overheard a Spartacist Leader was about to call for Russian style Soviet republic. Stepping up to the Reichstag balcony, Scheidemann declared a new republic, with Ebert as Chancellor, stating that the army had settled to abide by their agreement. ...read more.

Middle

The republic could not rely on the army's support to put down right-wing attacks therefore the government fled from Berlin and the Freikorps met no armed opposition. In Source One - 'Hans Von Seekt and the German army', it communicates well to the Kapp Putsch as it shows why the Army actually is present and who it fights for and why it fights. "Political battles within the army are not compatible with either the spirit of camaraderie or with discipline and can only harm military training." This means that the army will only step in if authentic assistance is required by the military and not step in the way of political issues because it can harm military training. In August 1919 the constitution of the Weimar republic was announced. ...read more.

Conclusion

Article 48 of the constitution was used to restore order, meaning the Reichswehr had to defend the government in times of complexity. Hitler did not have assistance of the army, which prevented him from going any further. Without the aid and support of the army, it would have been problematical for the government to overpower Hitler's plan of the Munich Putsch, and at that moment if the army did support Hitler, it would have been easier for the Munich Putsch to become a success. This is why the army played a major role in the Weimar republic at the time. As a result the Reichswehr was a prevalent military group working along with the Weimar republic in times of aid throughout the periods of 1919-1924. These comprise the birth of a new Weimar republic, the aim of the Kapp Putsch, the new Weimar constitution and the Munich Putsch. ...read more.

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