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Post 1917 - Bolshevik Leadership

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Introduction

On the 25th October, 1917, the Bolshevik party finally gained official control over the entirety of Russia. Lenin and the Bolsheviks, having previously adapted the theory of Marxism to suit the bizarre, semi-feudal society of Russia, had many high hopes regarding the implementation of socialism, and the vast improvement of living standards for the lower classes. Unfortunately, however, Lenin was prevented from applying the majority of his proposed decrees due to the actions of counter-revolutionary groups, as well as the ill-informed actions of the increasingly political lower classes. The Bolshevik party inherited from the oppressive Tsarist regime a crippled country, pushed to the threshold of economic breakdown and famine by the basic nature of Tsarism, a method of government which ruthlessly manipulated the people, and thought little of providing comforts to the upper class at the bitter expense of the working classes. World War I added yet more pressure to the already strained economy, removing most of the able-bodied young men from the Russian workforce, and leaving the country without any skilled workers to maintain industrial and agricultural production. ...read more.

Middle

This meant that they responded violently to any negative changes, blaming the Bolshevik leadership regardless of whether the Bolsheviks had anything to do with the creation of or potential solutions to the troubles of the working class. Some factors outside of Bolshevik control, but which were still attributed to poor leadership included the heavy casualties sustained in WWI, which resulted in the loss of able-bodied young men, which in turn caused industrial and agricultural production rates to lessen dramatically. These factors could cause public opinions of the Bolsheviks to swing from majority support, to mass resentment in a matter of days. This means that reports of the events and responses post-1917 can be extremely varied. This fact is recognised by ............ who states that only revisionist historians recognise that the revolutions was "infinitely more complicated than what soviet and liberal historians make it out to be". This means that, according to ........... Revisionist historians can see the greyer areas of the revolution, including the fact that though the Bolsheviks engaged in a number of brutal ...read more.

Conclusion

This should be seen as the ultimate proof that the Bolsheviks aimed only to benefit the lower classes. They were prepared to sacrifice some of their bitterly fought for ideals in order to save a crippled population. After 1917, Russia was a country doomed to destruction. Failed economy, left by the destructive Tsarist government, combined with the increasingly radical political nature of the civilians, as well as the pressures of WWI had led to a situation which was nearly impossible to solve entirely. Short of relinquishing power entirely to the Capitalist West, who offered aid to the stricken population, the Bolshevik party could have done little more to help the working classes. They battled counter-revolution, and were forced to sacrifice their ideals, yet they are still condemned by some Liberal historians. It should be recognised that actions of Bolsheviks were purely to help the Russian people. In order to help the people, the Bolshevik party had to be in power, this fact alone should, if not entirely excuse their actions during the red terror, at least force us to understand their plight. ...read more.

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