• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Post 1917 - Bolshevik Leadership

Extracts from this document...


On the 25th October, 1917, the Bolshevik party finally gained official control over the entirety of Russia. Lenin and the Bolsheviks, having previously adapted the theory of Marxism to suit the bizarre, semi-feudal society of Russia, had many high hopes regarding the implementation of socialism, and the vast improvement of living standards for the lower classes. Unfortunately, however, Lenin was prevented from applying the majority of his proposed decrees due to the actions of counter-revolutionary groups, as well as the ill-informed actions of the increasingly political lower classes. The Bolshevik party inherited from the oppressive Tsarist regime a crippled country, pushed to the threshold of economic breakdown and famine by the basic nature of Tsarism, a method of government which ruthlessly manipulated the people, and thought little of providing comforts to the upper class at the bitter expense of the working classes. World War I added yet more pressure to the already strained economy, removing most of the able-bodied young men from the Russian workforce, and leaving the country without any skilled workers to maintain industrial and agricultural production. ...read more.


This meant that they responded violently to any negative changes, blaming the Bolshevik leadership regardless of whether the Bolsheviks had anything to do with the creation of or potential solutions to the troubles of the working class. Some factors outside of Bolshevik control, but which were still attributed to poor leadership included the heavy casualties sustained in WWI, which resulted in the loss of able-bodied young men, which in turn caused industrial and agricultural production rates to lessen dramatically. These factors could cause public opinions of the Bolsheviks to swing from majority support, to mass resentment in a matter of days. This means that reports of the events and responses post-1917 can be extremely varied. This fact is recognised by ............ who states that only revisionist historians recognise that the revolutions was "infinitely more complicated than what soviet and liberal historians make it out to be". This means that, according to ........... Revisionist historians can see the greyer areas of the revolution, including the fact that though the Bolsheviks engaged in a number of brutal ...read more.


This should be seen as the ultimate proof that the Bolsheviks aimed only to benefit the lower classes. They were prepared to sacrifice some of their bitterly fought for ideals in order to save a crippled population. After 1917, Russia was a country doomed to destruction. Failed economy, left by the destructive Tsarist government, combined with the increasingly radical political nature of the civilians, as well as the pressures of WWI had led to a situation which was nearly impossible to solve entirely. Short of relinquishing power entirely to the Capitalist West, who offered aid to the stricken population, the Bolshevik party could have done little more to help the working classes. They battled counter-revolution, and were forced to sacrifice their ideals, yet they are still condemned by some Liberal historians. It should be recognised that actions of Bolsheviks were purely to help the Russian people. In order to help the people, the Bolshevik party had to be in power, this fact alone should, if not entirely excuse their actions during the red terror, at least force us to understand their plight. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    This is illustrated well by source F, it reads '...The attitude of the countryside to the war has, right from the outset, been extremely unfavourable...Now in the country there is no belief that the war will be successful'. Source E also illustrates the food shortages and terrible conditions during the war.

  2. Gladkov's Cement is a novel depicting post civil war Russia during 1921.

    One of the characters defends the NEP on the basis of easy work and luxuries; this type of view is shown too be evil, and against the nature of the communist revolution. The NEP however, is not the main change Gleb combats.

  1. Why was Lenin able to seize power in October 1917?

    This Long Term lead to a Short term, which the Russian people could not get out of joining, because they did not want to get invaded by Germany. This was the First World War. The effects on Russia in the First World War were probably the worst in the first year.

  2. How and why did the Bolsheviks seize power in 1917?

    Sailors aboard the battleship Potemkin revolted, and a general strike began and paralysed Russian industry. Revolutionaries, including Lenin and Trotsky returned from exile to join the revolution. Worker's Councils were formed in towns and in the countryside peasant's murdered landlords and took over their lands.

  1. The Russian Revolutions – 1917.

    There were many assassinations attempted on Rasputin, until Prince Yusupov finally murdered him on December 30th 1916. The Tsar didn't keep his word, he fooled the middle class liberals for a while into thinking he was fair with his 'October Manifesto.'

  2. Stalin and Lenin

    Trotsky and Lenin was afraid of Stalin's rising popularity as Lenin did not have faith in Stalin and Lenin wanted to make sure that Trotsky got hold of power but Stalin proved to be too wise for Lenin and Trotsky and he used his rising popularity to gain hold of

  1. Explain how Marxism contributed to the Bolshevik Revolution

    After the humiliating defeat in the Russo-Japanese war the workers decided to do something. In 1905 there was a famous incident known as Bloody Sunday. Father Gapon led a peaceful strike with a petition, signed by over 150,000 workers, to the winter palace, where Tsar Nicholas was meant to be.

  2. Lenin's Importance in the 1917 Revolutions.

    Lenin analysed his surroundings and their significance in order to ensure the revolution was heading the right way. Lenin?s significance in the leading up to the revolution is clear as he planned thoroughly to make the revolution successful unlike the July Days.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work