• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Previous attempts at peace in Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to be overcome if the current peace initiative is to succeed?

Extracts from this document...


Ashleigh Robertson-history coursework 17th July Previous attempts at peace in Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to be overcome if the current peace initiative is to succeed? The mainly Protestant Loyalist/Unionists and the mainly Catholic Nationalists/Republicans have been fighting over who should control Northern Ireland (or Ulster). Should it remain under the British government as part of the U.K or should it unite with the Republic of Ireland (or Eire). The Loyalists wish it to remain how it is while the Nationalists want it to be joined. There has been a lot of violence surrounding this issue; 2 bombs in Warrington, a major attack on Enniskillen and countless others. Politicians on both sides have been trying to sort this situation for years. ...read more.


A Council for Ireland was also set up that linked Dublin, Belfast and London together so that they could discuss issues of concern to them. The Sunningdale Agreement detailed this further. In return for this agreement the people of Eire recognised that Ulster WAS port of the U.K. This was the 1st time such a statement had been made by the Nationalists. But this agreement failed when Protestant Unionists and SDLP Nationalists found it hard to get on in the "Executive". Also, the Unionists weren't happy for the government of Eire to have any say at all in Northern Ireland. Finally, the "Executive" collapsed after the Unionists organised a general strike. Next came the Anglo-Irish (Hillsborough) Agreement of '85 formulated by Thatcher and Fitzgerald which stated that any change in Ulster's status would only be agreed if it had the majority vote of the Northern Irish people. ...read more.


This agreement also failed with violence commencing again. Then along came The Joint Framework Document of '95, which proposed a North-South Council of Ministers, a new Ulster Assembly and it set the "agenda" for the talks on the Good Friday Agreement. But it also asked that any members of paramilitary groups that were in prison were to be released early and that the IRA would have to decommission it's weaponry. This caused problems as Sinn Fein said that the IRA did not trust Britain and would therefore not hand over the weapons. And the families of bombing victims were extremely angry at the decision to release the terrorists early. So this failed too. The Loyalists and the Nationalists need to learn to trust each other and compromise to get what they want. Decommissioning is a must. The IRA and all it's splinter groups must be made to stop or the situation will never be resolved. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. How successful were the British Government in brining peace to Ireland?

    would resume their cease-fire in an attempt to make the agreement work and bring peace as it aimed to. And so on 19th July 1997 the IRA ceased-fire and on 29th August as planned joined the peace talks. However some members of the IRA were unhappy with these arrangements as

  2. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to ...

    The assembly comprised of the main Unionist and Nationalist Parties. Also, a link was created between: London, Belfast and Dublin, in the form of a council for Ireland. All of the details were decided between the Irish and British Governments.

  1. How has Northern Ireland changed since the Good Friday Agreement, and what previous attempts ...

    Nationalists class the marches as ignorant and offensive; on the other hand, Orangemen believe that republican leaders, in a bid to prevent them from having the privilege, have created opposition. One of the greatest problems caused has been the annual Drumcree march at Portadown, where what was once countryside was replaced by an estate that predominantly housed Catholic people.

  2. Why has it been difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland?

    Government would admit it or not and also members of the IRA that had been in the jail before them had these privileges but they were taken away as time progressed. But the British Government refused to grant them these privileges and did not allow them to be known as

  1. What are the chances for lasting peace in Ireland in 2006?

    The Good Friday agreement had varied affects on the political parties of Northern Ireland. The Unionists were offered a majority, a chance of stability and a promise of and end to IRA terrorism. The Ulster Unionist Party was supportive of the agreement and encouraged its members to endorse it.

  2. History Coursework: The continuing problems in Northern Ireland

    The IRA attacked the RIC for a variety of reasons: To gain access to the IRC's weapons or weapons that they may be guarding; to destroy the British intelligence network, and to discourage any form of collaboration with the British.

  1. Previous attempts to bring peace in Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to ...

    hand to produce a recipe for bloodshed and conflict which has few parallels in modern history." In essence the Agreement represented a negotiation between the British and Irish governments. In return for Dublin's formal appreciation of the legitimacy of Northern Ireland, London agreed to confer with the Republic's government on

  2. What are the chances for lasting peace in Northern Ireland in 2004?

    It shaped the views of the Protestants by making them big-headed and turning Catholics into weak seeming figured, leading the Protestants to develop a sort of 'geno-pathic' bullying. It shaped the Catholic viewpoint in the same ways, but to different results.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work