• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to be overcome if the current peace initiative is to succeed?

Extracts from this document...


Ireland Coursework 3. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to be overcome if the current peace initiative is to succeed? You should refer to: Two previous attempts at peace The breakthroughs that have been made The problems that still exist The current situation in Ireland is one of hostility, although there is a form of agreed peace. The Provisional IRA is in ceasefire, but some dissident Republican groups are continuing the violence. The Good Friday Agreement is the active peace initiative at present, but there are still many problems Irish Republicans and Unionist have to overcome before there can truly be peace in Ireland. There are still many past grievances that need to be amended and major problems such as the decommissioning of the Provisional IRA still stands in the way of peace. Although Ireland is still working towards peaceful resolution, there is still a long way to go before both sides can be happy with any agreement made. Throughout the years there have been many attempts at peace, most of which have failed, or gave way to a newer agreement. The first failed attempt at peace in Northern Ireland was William Whitelaw's "Power Sharing Executive". William Whitelaw was the Northern Ireland Secretary in 1972, and proposed Power Sharing as a solution to the problems that arose from "Bloody Sunday". ...read more.


Another problem was that the Unionists and Nationalists found it difficult to work with each other because to past differences. Power Sharing finally collapsed in May 1974 after a general strike was announced by a group calling themselves the "Ulster Workers Council". The strike was to protest about the Council of Ireland, and at first it did not have much support. Loyalist Paramilitaries stepped in and "convinced" people to join the strike. The next couple of weeks saw Northern Ireland grind to a halt as the intimidatory tactics of the Loyalist Paramilitaries came into full effect and the support for the strike increased. On the 27th of May 1974, the house of cards that was William Whitelaw's Power Sharing collapsed, as the Power Sharing Executive resigned. Northern Ireland returned to direct rule. The second failed attempt at peace in Northern Ireland was the "Joint Framework Document". This followed the ceasefires in August and October of 1994. The Joint Framework Document was published in February 1995, and thought it failed to bring peace to Northern Ireland; it was the ground work for the "Good Friday Agreement". The Joint Framework Document included another "new" Assembly for Northern Ireland, a north-South Council of Ministers who had influence over a range of issues, and the most controversial point of the Joint Framework Document was the early release of paramilitaries. ...read more.


The second key point was that a Northern Ireland Assembly was to be created. It was to have 108 elected members and was to be run by a 12 member committee made up of members of various parties. The third key point was a North-South ministerial council was to be set up by the assembly to direct co-operation between Ulster and Ireland. The fourth key point was a Council of the Isles was to be set up with members from each Parliament in the UK & Ireland. The fifth and final key point was that all participants were committed to disarmament of paramilitary organisations. This is still the current peace initiative, but there are still ongoing problems, and the Good Friday Agreement did not bring total resolution. The current problems are built up suspicion, loyalist opposition to Eire's and Sinn Fein's involvement, the release of paramilitaries, the marching traditions, and the biggest problem, decommissioning. There are still many problems in Northern Ireland, and work is still being done to secure peace between Unionists and Republicans. Although there are many obstacles concerning the Provisional IRA, Sinn Fein, the Marches and other party related problem, there are also outside threat from groups such as the "Real Continuity IRA". Peace is a long way off in Ireland, but is something that is being worked towards, by current negotiators learning from past mistakes and basing new peace attempts upon past experiences. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. How successful has the peace process in Northern Ireland been?

    The Hard line Unionists (DUP) were still in opposition and the British Government had sold off and out Ulster to buy off the fiendish republicans. Paramilitaries although agreeing on the condemned violence, still continued to attack and kill each other.

  2. Why has it taken so long for the different groups in the peace process ...

    From 1968-9, Protestant police, who believed there to be an uprising led by the IRA, attacked Catholics. However, then a Tribunal of Inquiry released this statement: "The police view that they had on their hands an armed uprising led by the IRA was incorrect."

  1. Ireland - What are the main differences between the beliefs of the Republicans/Nationalists and ...

    This ceasefire was believed to be 'bringing to an end an era of violence in which 3,170 people have died on both sides.' (Source 2). Another very important breakthrough was the republic giving up its claim to Northern Ireland. There had been so much violence fighting for a United Ireland

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    and this was a classic example of the IRA saying look, if you think you're going to hoodwink us, just you realize how military powerful we are. British Actions Internment We use the term "internment" to mean imprisoning people without trial.

  1. Why has it been difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland?

    Internment began in 1971, this was a law passed by the British Government allowing suspected terrorist in Northern Ireland to be arrested and imprisoned without charge. Catholic Nationalist was strongly against internment as most of the people arrested where

  2. The Real IRA

    The rIRA also sought to disrupt the Northern Ireland peace process. Despite the continuous struggle between the Catholics and Protestants, they did agree that the August bombing in Omagh was despicable (Omagh). Outrage over the attack in both pro-British Protestant and pro-Irish Catholic communities forced the Real IRA to suspend its activities.

  1. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to ...

    During the protest the British Army started shooting. There were even some reports of people being shot, whilst they ran. A result of bloody Sunday was the 1973 'Sunningdale agreement'. It was proposed by Northern Ireland Secretary William Whitelaw. In order to carry out the agreement, a new assembly was elected to govern Northern Ireland.

  2. How has Northern Ireland changed since the Good Friday Agreement, and what previous attempts ...

    and Martin McGuiness (co-leader of Sinn Fein) should effectively be able to do this. Since the Good Friday Agreement definite progress has been made with Paramilitary groups, despite what could be called a chaotic beginning. The IRA did not decommission weapons at first, which angered the UVF who also stopped, however, in 2003 the IRA began to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work