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Prohibition Sources Questions

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Introduction

Ruhail Amin 11g 1. Source A's provenance is the Anti-Saloon League which is in favour of prohibition and is against the so called 'demon drink' which outlines its attentions to ban alcahol. The majority of Americans wanted to see the end of alcahol, especially those whose families were at risk. Source A potraits these probems with a cartoon of a man giving in his weekly wages for alcahol. Not only that, but their are 3 other men with similar attentions on alcahol with minimum wealth. The source makes an exception for those who care for their families and don't throw their hard earned wages on alcahol. Of course the source is useful in the view that prohibition was established later on, but it is a typical propaganda source from the Anti- Saloon League which was made in the time running up to prohibition so their was bound to be strong resistance from Anti-Saloon League. Such sources are useful in the naked eye that it provides a highly personal account and shows the taste and techniques of a particular time. However, it is a general impression rather than a detailed picture of problems caused by alcahol. The man that cashes in with all this is the bar keeper who is gathering a handsome some of money which shows him profiting in with people's addictions alcahol. The good thing about source A is that it shows one man in over particular falling for the spell, but their are actually several men just like the him who are spending their money on booze, where it really should be spent on families. The quote at the top reads ''The poor man's club" which simply means that its become a regular habit of people to go to a bar and purchase alcahol, but what makes it worser is that many poor people find themselves looking for comfort as their is'nt much freedom when you are poor; this is where alcahol comes in to relieve them of their troubles. ...read more.

Middle

the problems America was having in trying to stop those who were continiously going to illegal stills or speakeasies while they were not being stopped. More so, polices or politicians could do little about it as a little amount of cash given to them could go down as bribery. Many turned a blind eye to the problems it created for America as a whole because those who were suppourters of Prohibition(Dries) had little or no chance of seeing the law enforced further so it was difficult for them to come to terms that if they did request it to a police officer, their may be a likely hood that the officer may of been bribed and without hesitation turn down the request layed down to them. Bribery was one thing, but death threats were also very common. 'Untouchables' shows this as Malone ends up dying becuse of not accepting a bribe. The evidence from 'Untouchables' does suppourt the message of source F, which the so called 'National Gesture' plays a part as the time when Malone's freind who is a police officer turns against him and starts to attack Malone because he would'nt agree with him to arrest a man who is drinking alcahol. However, there is one main aspect of the film which does not suppourt the message of source F, which is Elliot Ness and the way in which he triumphed over the bad guys and corrupt officials in his fight to enforce Prohibition. This is one of the reasons why source F does'nt suppourt the view taking in the movie becuase the movie is going along with its hollywood plot that the bad guys must lose, however source F is going with the view that prohibition was a disaster becuase if the Prohibition agent could do little about the bribery, what was the point of tying to enforce it? The contrast between the two titles 'Untouchables' and 'National Gesture' is that 'untouchables' simply meant that there was no way that noboddy could stop those who were breaking the law becuase of the circumstances mentioned. ...read more.

Conclusion

Particually in the centre states such as 'Maine' Christians were very well populated and saw alcahol as bad influence to children. THis was enough to prohibit alcahol in 1919. However most states banned alcahol, in urban staes such as Maryland they never introduced Prohibition. The authorities quickly found that it was one thing passing a law, to prohibit it was quite another to enforce upon. 'Moonshine' was frequent which was another name for home-made alcohol or 'Bootlegging' which was alcohol brought into country from abroad. As mentioned before, many went into illegal bars called speakeasies, which appeared in every town and city. Sources C and D outlines these problems. It was difficult when many of the police who were supposed to be helping enforce Prohibition were in fact against it. If they did arrest someone for an offence, a bribe paid to the police was usually enough to get the person off. The likes of Al Capone was profiting hugely from illegal goods and was making $60 million a year out of speakeasies. It seemed to the cities of Prohibition that all it achieved was to make America more 'Lawless', the police morecorrupt and to make the gangsters richer. The orgainsations that suppourted Prohibition from the start were the Anti-Saloon League and Women's Christian Temprence Union. Thosw who opposed it were the bible belt and most families. Public opinion was vital in the end because the government would make the decisions upon that. It slowly drifted away from Prohibition. Many leaflets were published to enhance the problems faced by Prohibition. The government had to forsee all these problems in good effect, obviously they faced many problems so it was crucial. In conclusion, I believe that Prohibition wasn't doomed from start, it was just the circumstances in which it was set up that caused the problems. There were several countries that banned alcohol succesfully around the world so it was'nt impossible. It was a lukless campaign that ran out of steam in the end. There was noboddy to blame because it was a simple mistake by governmnt to introduce it in first place. ...read more.

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