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Prohibition - What can you learn from Source A about why the Anti-Saloon League opposed the sale of alcohol?

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Introduction

History coursework; PROHIBITION 1. What can you learn from Source A about why the Anti-Saloon League opposed the sale of alcohol? The Anti-Saloon League opposed the sale of alcohol because they believed that drinking makes you poor. They campaigned saying "It keeps its members and their families always poor." They see the men that drink in saloons wasting their wages by spending it on alcohol. "Something which ruins their own lives." This is clearly displayed in the poster by the customer paying for his drink with a bag of his weeks wages." From the source one can see that the Anti-Saloon League opposed the sale of alcohol because they believed that men were wasting all their money on alcohol and therefore not having enough to feed their families or to buy household necessities. Saloons were named by the Anti-Saloon League as the "Poor Man's Club." This is obviously shown in the poster by using big bold letters that have a dramatic impact among readers. Richmond P Hobson say drinkers as, "Slaves of the Saloon," this is also displayed through the source. 160 2. What reasons for prohibition, apart form those given in Source A, are given in Sources B and C? Source B gives an objective view, from a school textbook it informs us that there were other anti-drink societies for example the "Women's Christian Temperance Union" who also campaigned against alcohol, they say alcohol as "ungodly." ...read more.

Middle

This demonstrates that the Government's actions to control prohibition was clearly inadequate, this is also portrayed in the cartoon by the prominent, helpless, defenceless figure known as Uncle Sam who represented America. Source G also supports the messages in sources E and F. The table adds to the evidence that clearly displays America not handling prohibition effectively. Between 1920 and 1925 arrests for drunkenness rose at a steady rate, drunkenness and disorderly conduct arrests fluctuation, arrests for Habitual/regular drunkards rose (dramatically between 1923-4) and then fell in 1925 and arrests made for drunken driving increased from 1922 onwards. The total prosecutions for drink related offences increased in 1920 to 1925, this main data is extremely important, from it we can obviously see that Americas efforts to control prohibition were useless as the arrests for drinking offences rose. This is also portrayed through Uncle Sam in source E, there is nothing he could do, he was effectively powerless. 299 4. Explain why the way of life described in Source D did not come about. The way of life is described in Source D as being crimeless, alcohol free, hopeful, there would be more respect for the law and full off better workers. Christmas is described as "an occasion of joy and cheer in the home." This is clearly an article ridden with assumption, hope and reassurance. ...read more.

Conclusion

This shows us that the public that went to the illegal speakeasies had a total disregard for the law. It made Alec Wilder feel special and he had become accustomed to being dishonest and breaking the law. Source J is also useful as the book, "Only Yesterday" was written in 1931, however it could be bias as it is written by a American journalist that may include his personal opinions. It states that the profits from beer and illicit distilling rolled in. This proves that the public were still consuming alcohol illegally, and therefore completely ignoring the ban of alcohol. The source also educates us that Al Capone was a very influential man. He acquired more finesse particularly skill in the management of politics and politicians as his profits increased. The extent of his popularity is displayed by the fact that he had gained complete control of Cicero and had installed his own mayor in office. His popularity is also portrayed through the front cover of the magazine "Time" (Source L.) "Time" is a leading American weekly magazine and the fact that he is on the front cover tells us a lot about public attitudes towards Prohibition. In a way appearing on the front cover, is his personal advertising campaign, it proves that he was a respected man amoung the American public. Information from source J proves that he is an extremely influential man and source L also backs this up. Miranda Lewis Prohibition Coursework Nov. 2001 ...read more.

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