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Q1) Why did the Germans bomb the major cities of Britain in 1940-1941?

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Q1) Why did the Germans bomb the major cities of Britain in 1940-1941? While the Munich Crisis of September 1938 prepared Britain for war, the violation of the Munich Agreement in March 1939 when Hitler occupied the entire Czechoslovakia and Britain's defensive alliances with Romania and Poland, resulted in Britain declaring war against Germany on 3 September, 1939 after Germany invaded Poland on 1st September, 1939 following the Nazi-Soviet Pact of 24th August, 1939. Initially, Hitler put Britain into complacency during the "phoney war" when Germany fully focused its attention on annexing Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium and France by successfully using the tactics of Blitzkrieg. The Battle of Dunkirk in June 1940 and the fall of France on 21 June, 1940 brought the Germans to the shores of Britain. ...read more.


Britain lost 1,116 planes while the Germans lost 1,660 planes. The British were also able to produce more replacement planes (563 per month) than the Germans. As a result, the Germans failed to destroy the RAF and lost the fight for the skies. Hence, on 7th September, 1940 Hitler ordered an end to the daylight attacks and decided to go back to his tactics of Blitzkrieg by launching a night time aerial "Blitz" on London and other major cities, with the objective to humble the country to surrender by breaking down the infrastructure and morale of the people. For the next eight months British cities were subject to intensive bombing in what is known as the Blitz. As Field Marshall Kessering has explained, their aim was to disturb production especially British armament to begin a full scale economic war for which industrial ...read more.


Every major town and city in the British Isles was attacked and by the summer of 1941 43,000 people had been killed in air raids across Britain and over 300,000 became homeless. Disrupt supplies, transport and communications by targeting ports, telephones, railway lines and junctions. Ports were raided in January, 1941 with 530 people killed in Southampton,1, 000 in Bristol, 299 in Port in Cardiff, 930 at Portsmouth and 900 in the 'Belfast Blitz" in the Easter 1941. Glasgow and the Clyde shipyard towns were hit in 1941 Demoralize the government into surrender by bombing the symbol of the British empire -the Buckingham Palace on 10th and 13th September, 1940 and the Westminister. With the stoical spirit of the British people, the strength of its navy, superior airpower and Winston Churchill's inspirational leadership and superb skill in war strategy Britain could survive the Blitz and emerge victorious. (693 words) ...read more.

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