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Quarry Bank Mill - source related study.

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Introduction

History Coursework Study Sources A-E. Do these sources, and the site at Quarry Bank Mill; fully explain what working conditions were like for children in textile mills, such as the one at Quarry Bank, in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries? Explain your answer with reference to your site study at Quarry Bank Mill; the sources and knowledge form your studies. In order to investigate working conditions for children in textile mills in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, different pieces of evidence need to be taken into account. Aside from my own knowledge, the evidence that I will be viewing will be the visit to Quarry Bank Mill and Sources A-E on the question sheet. However, some evidence will be more reliable than others pieces. Firstly, I am going to consider Sources A-E. Source A, an eyewitness account of a visit to Quarry Bank Mill in 1845, is useful in the sense that it is an eyewitness account, several facts are given and it is the view of Frederick Engles, the writer. ...read more.

Middle

Source C, information from a general textbook by Dr Pauline Gregg (who was of no relation to Samuel Greg), gives evidence about the bad aspects of mills. However, the source is limited by the fact that it was a general textbook (i.e. it did not focus on particular mills), it does not give information about other mills and her account of punishments seems to rely on Robert Blincoe. A historian wrote it, however, so lots of research will have been done and it should have no bias although it may not be reliable for specific examples. Source D, an account of the punishment of Esther Price by Robert Hyde Greg, describes punishments at Quarry Bank and shows how they were softer than other mills. This is backed up by evidence from the site visit, which shows that punishments were not as harsh at Quarry Bank. However, only one punishment is mentioned and Greg would want to appear to be a good and kind man. ...read more.

Conclusion

Only a few machines at a time could be operating to keep noise down, cotton fibre did not fill the air and the machines cannot be working in a state of danger. There is also a small chance that the Gregs have been hiding something away. My other research backs up evidence that Quarry Bank Mill was a good place to work. Samuel Greg put guards on machines and extractor fans before legislation forced him to do so. Greg's punishments were not harsh compared to a lot of other mills. However, most other evidence about mills is bad - my research states that children were hung over machinery by their hands and one girl lost her leg after having been caught in the dangerous machinery. In conclusion, I think that the above information sources are too unreliable to tell us fully what mills were like in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. For example, most sources have been influenced by Samuel Greg to make his mill look better and due to health and safety rules, the site visit was also too limited to get a good picture of what Quarry Bank Mill used to be like. Jordan Hoose ...read more.

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  1. Quarry Bank Mill

    that ran away with Ester Price. He also mentions the fact that Ester returned after Lucy Garner returned. Robert Hyde Greg mentions that the punishment for runaways would be for the girls to have their hair chopped off, while John Doherty claims that this room in the attic had been previously prepared the purpose of runaways.

  2. Why was the site for Quarry Bank Mill chosen by Samuel Greg?

    Samuel Greg observed the land and knew that the conditions for cotton spinning were ideal in the damp humid climate. There was also less competition in the country side and also there was a lot of building material available at Styal such as a sandstone quarry and surrounding woodland.

  1. Why did Samuel Greg establish a cotton mill at Styal in 1784? ...

    In 1790 an apprentice house was built for the working children and this is where children from the age of 9 lived up until they were 18 where they could then decide if they wanted to continue working at the mill or they could leave.

  2. Is Quarry Bank Mill a typical example of manufacture and production in a British ...

    Factory work was not popular in the late 18th century. People were not used to regular employment, and though a loyal and stable workforce was needed, it was difficult to find. At Styal there was a limited supply of local labour, and so most workers came on foot from the surrounding area.

  1. Why Was the Site for Quarry Bank Mill Chosen By Samuel Greg?

    Power was therefore essential in the cotton industry and a driving factor in Greg's choice of site Greg also needed to make sure he had a supply of labour.

  2. Do these sources, and the site at Quarry Bank Mill, fully explain what working ...

    In some mills apprentices were badly treated. They worked the same very long hours as adults for little pay. They received no education. I intend to begin my coursework by looking at all the sources provided and analysing them first to reach a judgement.

  1. Why could the site of Quarry Bank Mill be successfully developed by Samuel Greg?

    Now he had enough money to buy the �5,000 site in 1784 and pay workers adequately.

  2. Do you think Lumsdale was a successful choice for the site of these mills?

    starting to become largely superseded by steam power and even if a more efficient power source had been invented, it didn't benefit the Lumsdale valley as there was no coal in the valley and no easy way of transporting it to the valley.

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