• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question 3 History Source D and E

Free essay example:

Study Source D and E. How useful are Source D and E in helping you to understand why the policy of British Government towards Independence for India changed after the Second World War.

Source D is a memoir written in 1945 by Stafford Cripps, a member of Labour Cabinet that won the election on reconstruction policies in Britain. Source D narrates to the historian that Britain was in a position where they could not cope with the concerns in India; therefore, they could not continue solving other issues that had a negative impact on Britain unless India participated. The Source clearly states that the British government was not prepared to stay for long in India. Stafford Cripps realizes that Britain needed to strengthen the control on their own home ground instead of ruling India. His motivation where: to give India independence and furthermore to use the resources to build up the defence of the British society. Cripps loyalty and effectiveness towards this occasion was reasonable, considering that he knew India inside out and wanted to improve the face of Britain. One obvious factor that was stated by Cripps was that it was hopeless to continue the responsibility with India. The memoir was written after the event, which suggests that he could be defending his own role by not telling the truth and not being neutral. This suggests that he could be exaggerating the belief of the historian of the true incident in some extents.

Source E is an eyewitness account in Calcutta in 16th of August 1946 during the Direct Action. The eyewitness is stating his view during the unpleasant issue in Calcutta. Calcutta was a city with all the religions, which could cause anger directed towards each other. Hindus and Muslims where fighting against each other because of their belief that the opposite religion wanted to rule India. The Source show that the situation in India was deteriorating rapidly. The Source is expressing that the policy in Britain changed because they could not manage to pay for the needed resources in India. The weakness of the source is that it is lacking details.

In conclusion, the sources imply to the historian that It was impossible to bring India together because of Direct Action, a time when The Muslim League where planning protests which followed by riots and this lead to religion antagonism. The conditions in which Britain was facing provoked them from ruling India. Therefore they had to persuade India to cooperate. Both sources combined are providing the historian with enough information to have an idea of the event. However, used on their own will give a different picture. Source D is useful because a member of the government published it but on the other hand, it was written after the incident. This demonstrates that the Source could be an exaggeration of what really happened. Source E is not useful because it does not answer the question directly but it may be useful for something else. I believe that there are other Sources, which would give a fuller view of the event.    

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Related GCSE History Skills and Knowledge Essays

See our best essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Northern Ireland Question 3

    The devolved power-sharing government envisaged by the agreement would not become a reality for many years, and then in quite a different form. However, it did improve co-operation between the British and Irish governments, which was key to the creation of the Good Friday Agreement 12 years later.

  2. History: India Independence Coursework

    He also says how there were some alternatives the government had come across to help solve the problems, for example, they could have strengthened British troops and British control on India on the basis of extended personnel. They could have also tried to persuade India to stop rebelling against each other.

  1. Culture Wars: Forster's A Passage To India

    Stereotypes are also shared among Indian nationalities as Forster makes clear in his explanation of the Hindus by the Moslem Aziz: "Slack Hindus -- they have no idea of society; I know them very well because of a doctor at the hospital.

  2. Question 3 History

    Conversely Source I, which is a piece of writing taken from the book written by Rex Pope an historian, is entirely against the fact that women were any help in the war. The book titled "War and Society in Britain 1899 - 1948" possibly even suggests that women workers were a hindrance to the effort.

  1. Study Sources D and E and use your own knowledge.

    But now more than 250 candidates did. More essentially, a speech by Prime Minister Herbert Asquith promised that the Liberals would introduce a Parliament Reform Bill to which would be added a modification giving the vote to women. Although the results of the general elections of 1910 were disappointing for the Liberals, they still had a majority in the commons.

  2. Suffragettes Question 3

    The government also had other problems of their own to deal with e.g. Ireland, which led to the women's request for the vote being pushed right to the back of the political agenda. It was reasons like this that led to the fall-out of women between themselves.

  1. The Impact of Women's History On the Mainstream study of history.

    there was very little time to actually find the time to write after the family duties were complete. Life duties for women were paramount and had to be put first before another duties. Family life and everything that came with it was the utmost important feature in the lives of Victorian women.

  2. Cranleigh Railwat Reconstruction

    The main reason that the Cranleigh line was built was to link Guildford and Horsham on a direct route so that no changes on the journey were needed, but also because of the following reasons, so that the trains could carry people and goods from Guildford to Horsham and vice

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work