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Question 3. What problems will have to be

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What problems will have to be Overcome if there is to be peace between the Palestinians and Israelis? In the 40 years since the Middle East war of June 1967, there have been many peace plans and many negotiations, and the main problems that need to be overcome are Jerusalem, water, refugees, settlements and the cycle of violence in order to create peace between the two states that is needed. Some of the peace talks have been successful, including those between Egypt and Israel and Israel and Jordan, but no resolution as of now has been sufficient for both the core states in the conflict, Palestine and Israel. At the present there are no peace talks. The government of Ariel Sharon, Israel's 11th Prime Minster decided on a withdrawal from Gaza but by constructing a wall and fence to separate the Israelis and Palestinians. The new government of Ehud Olmert, Israel's 12th Prime Minster, planned a further withdrawal from parts of the West Bank. ...read more.


In the 1967 war Israel gained exclusive control of the waters of the West Bank and the Sea of Galilee, and this has given Israel about 60% of its fresh water (a billion cubic metres per year). During the era of Arab-Israeli peacemaking in the 1990s, the water rights became one of the hardest areas of discussion, and this debate was never concluded. It doesn't look like there will be any solutions, and they are desperately need, in the long term, so it is a necessity that the Israelis and the Palestinians work together, because they cannot survive as enemies in this situation. Refugees that are living in other Arab countries has been a huge problem in the outcome of the peace process between Palestine and Israel, as a lot of the refugees want to live back in their ancestry homeland of Palestine. Nearly 60 years since the establishment of Israel, there is no Arab-Israeli issue that remains as utterly disruptive as the fate of Palestinian refugees. ...read more.


Hamas, which won the 2006 Palestinian parliamentary election, wanted at all costs to avoid a peace deal with Israel that involves drawing permanent borders, because its wider aim is to establish a single, Islamic state within the borders of pre-1948 Palestine. In the long-term Israel's reluctance to accept the existing Green Line in many ways plays into the hands of militant Islamist groups such as Hamas. I think that it will take a long time to find a solution between the two states, as there are so many obstacles and problems to overcome and the states want different solutions and even in the same state different people and parties want different resolutions, as some want all of their land back, but some want their fair share. All the problems are very hard to overcome but I think what is the hardest to achieve is a decree to their share water as both of the states need water to survive and run as a well-established province. Tom Mortimer 02/03/08 History 1 ...read more.

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