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Question d: 'Study all of the sources. 'The night of the long knives' gave Hitler complete control of Germany'. Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with this view.

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Question d: 'Study all of the sources. 'The night of the long knives' gave Hitler complete control of Germany'. Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with this view. A key turning point in Hitler's rise to power took place on June 30th 1934. This later became known as the night of the long knives. During this evening and throughout the following few days, 400 SA members (storm troopers), including their authoritative leader, Ernst Rohm, were brutally executed. On Hitler's orders the SS and police arrested many SA leaders. Many of them were shot dead in their homes. Others were taken to camps for execution. Rohm was jailed and shot the next day. He had been ordered to commit suicide but refused so two SS men shot him. Hitler even took the opportunity to have von Schleicher, the ex chancellor killed and Strasser was also shot. After this date the SA had nowhere near as much power as they had previously had in Nazi Germany, which gave Hitler and the ...read more.


In august president Hindenburg died and Hitler took over as president as well as chancellor a new role called 'Der Fuehrer.' He also made himself head of the armed forces. The army were won over by the Nazis, making Hitler's bid for even more power an awful lot easier. Nevertheless, there were other things that Hitler had to do besides getting rid of Rohm and the SA to get complete control of Germany. For example, he still had to deal with the trade unions because although he had already closed them down in May 1933, they were still a threat because many workers could quite easily have gone on strike and brought down the government. They could even ask for more money and Germany could not afford to do this because she had only just got over the economic crisis. Hitler also needed to get the army on his side. In source F we can see how Hitler cleverly dealt with this problem by making them swear an oath of loyalty to him on the 2nd of august 1934. ...read more.


Furthermore, on the 28th of February 1933, President Hindenburg granted Hitler an emergency law called the 'law for the protection of the people and the state' which banned communists and socialists from taking part in the March elections. This refers to source D where General Walther von Brauchitsch commented that rearmament was a far too serious business to be carried out by swindlers, drunkards and homosexuals. Moreover, the law against the formation of new parties which was made in July 1933 was how Germany became a one party state and helped Hitler to gain complete control of Germany because the Nazi party was the only party allowed to exist. This stopped enemies from overruling Hitler and the Nazis. What's more, Hitler had put Nazi officials in charge of the government on the 7th April 1933 and had his army of spies reporting to him such as the blockleiters (in charge of blocks of flats_ the zellenleiters, kreisleiters and gauleiters After all these events, Hitler finally had what he wanted. This came about on the 2nd of august 1934 and immediately had complete control of Germany once he had become the Fuehrer. Laura Dench ...read more.

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