• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question d: 'Study all of the sources. 'The night of the long knives' gave Hitler complete control of Germany'. Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with this view.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question d: 'Study all of the sources. 'The night of the long knives' gave Hitler complete control of Germany'. Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with this view. A key turning point in Hitler's rise to power took place on June 30th 1934. This later became known as the night of the long knives. During this evening and throughout the following few days, 400 SA members (storm troopers), including their authoritative leader, Ernst Rohm, were brutally executed. On Hitler's orders the SS and police arrested many SA leaders. Many of them were shot dead in their homes. Others were taken to camps for execution. Rohm was jailed and shot the next day. He had been ordered to commit suicide but refused so two SS men shot him. Hitler even took the opportunity to have von Schleicher, the ex chancellor killed and Strasser was also shot. After this date the SA had nowhere near as much power as they had previously had in Nazi Germany, which gave Hitler and the ...read more.

Middle

In august president Hindenburg died and Hitler took over as president as well as chancellor a new role called 'Der Fuehrer.' He also made himself head of the armed forces. The army were won over by the Nazis, making Hitler's bid for even more power an awful lot easier. Nevertheless, there were other things that Hitler had to do besides getting rid of Rohm and the SA to get complete control of Germany. For example, he still had to deal with the trade unions because although he had already closed them down in May 1933, they were still a threat because many workers could quite easily have gone on strike and brought down the government. They could even ask for more money and Germany could not afford to do this because she had only just got over the economic crisis. Hitler also needed to get the army on his side. In source F we can see how Hitler cleverly dealt with this problem by making them swear an oath of loyalty to him on the 2nd of august 1934. ...read more.

Conclusion

Furthermore, on the 28th of February 1933, President Hindenburg granted Hitler an emergency law called the 'law for the protection of the people and the state' which banned communists and socialists from taking part in the March elections. This refers to source D where General Walther von Brauchitsch commented that rearmament was a far too serious business to be carried out by swindlers, drunkards and homosexuals. Moreover, the law against the formation of new parties which was made in July 1933 was how Germany became a one party state and helped Hitler to gain complete control of Germany because the Nazi party was the only party allowed to exist. This stopped enemies from overruling Hitler and the Nazis. What's more, Hitler had put Nazi officials in charge of the government on the 7th April 1933 and had his army of spies reporting to him such as the blockleiters (in charge of blocks of flats_ the zellenleiters, kreisleiters and gauleiters After all these events, Hitler finally had what he wanted. This came about on the 2nd of august 1934 and immediately had complete control of Germany once he had become the Fuehrer. Laura Dench ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How significant was The Night of the Long Knives in the establishment of the ...

    Goering and Himmler played on this fear by constantly feeding him with new information on Roehm's proposed coup. Their masterstroke was to claim that Gregor Strasser, whom Hitler hated, was part of the planned conspiracy against him. This theory fits the structuralist theory that many of the actions such as

  2. Why did the Night of the Long Knives take place?

    This was due to the fact that one of the SA's reforms was to overthrow the army creating 'The People's Militia', which was seen by the Elites as very socialistic. Therefore, as these two forces had very contrasting beliefs, Hitler had to make a choice between who he would side with.

  1. Night Of The Long Knives

    At this point Hitler was far more concerned with keeping the favour of the elite than he was supporting the SA, seeing as many ordinary Germans and the influential leaders were so against the SA, to simply eradicate them would be Hitler's easiest option.

  2. Holocaust Sources Questions

    Source F suggests that the German people were so manipulated by the "Ministry for Peoples Enlightenment and Propaganda" that they failed to notice or even think that the Jews were being executed. In this source we can see this because the woman "dismissed all whispers as malicious gossip".

  1. HITLER: Night of the long knives

    At the time, Hitler had been promising that he would restore German military from the points of the Treaty of Versailles, which limited the Army to 100,000 men. Hitler thought that the SA was a problem that could mess up his future plans for Germany.

  2. adolf hitler

    The purge of the SA was kept secret until it was announced by Hitler on 13th July. It was during this speech that Hitler gave the purge its name: Night of the Long Knives (a phrase from a popular Nazi song).

  1. Were the events which took place during the Night of the Long Knives (June ...

    1 This revolution involved changes within the social hierarchy, as Nazis would replace the now elite class in a second revolution. The 1933 elections did not have this desired effect as many old leaders of Weimar constitution such as capitalists, Junkers and conservatives joined Hitler and took up posts in industrial, commercial and government administrative posts.

  2. Study all the sources.

    lie in a document that only specific people were intended to see. However, it was written by the Nazis, (and they didn't want it to look like they had organised kristallnacht) so they might have wrote it inclined towards the innocence of the Nazis to clear their name of organising event.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work