• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution inevitbale?

Extracts from this document...


Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution inevitbale? Throughout the early 20th Century there seem to be many events which happened in Russia which built up tension and put pressure on the Tsarist Government. I personally think that the Russian revolution in 1917 was inevitable, no country could go on in the state that Russia was in without a revolution at some point. The revolution was going to happen sooner or later, and WW1 was the final straw, it sped up the reactions of people and made them realise that a revolution was needed due to the incompetence of the Tsar. Throughout this essay I shall look at events and aspects of Russia which I think helped cause the Russian Revolution. The revolution was the culmination of a long period of repression and unrest. From the time of Peter I (Peter the Great), the Tsardom increasingly became an autocratic bureaucracy that imposed its will on the people by force, with wanton disregard for human life and liberty. The road to the Russian revolution began with the end of the Crimean war in 1855, it was one of the many disastrousn military defeats that Russia was to see in her lifetime. Poor roads, antiquated weapons and low morale helped Russia lose, and defeat proved to the Tsarist autocracy that Russia was very far behind the rest of Europe. ...read more.


Teased by half-hearted reforms, dissatisfied peasants, intellectuals, professionals and even some liberal gentry sought greater freedom through revolutionary movements to overthrow the Tsarist Government. A wide variety of political groups secretly developed in Russia during the 19th Century and Alexander II was assassinated on 1st March 1881. This already shows political discontent and an unstable society in Russia. When Alexander III came to power he made the monarchy very unpoular with the development of "Russification". People were discriminated against if their mother tongue was not russian, and Jews faced many social, political and economic restrictions. In 1905, Nicholas II decided to share his power with the people. He set up the first of four Dumas. This can be seen as an indication that in the relatively near future there could be a major reform. By setting up the Duma the Tsar had allowed people to believe that change for the good was coming, however when there was no change people started to become disenchanted. The Tsar's main reason for setting up the Duma was to relieve short term political pressure that had been built up, this showed he was not committed to sharing long term political power with his people. As soon as the political tension had settled the Tsar dissolved the Duma. ...read more.


Many people suspected the Tsaritsa felt sympathetic towards the German enemy and the influence of Rasputen was resented. Urban food shortages were the immediate cause of the February revolution, and Nicholas II who was away at the front was unconcious of serious people unrest. Throughout his time at the front lines a revolution began, known as the February Revolution,1917. Demonstrations began calling for the Duma, as well as higher wages. A 1/4m people were now on strike and by the 26th February, 40 demonstrators had been killed. This caused absolute mayhem. The Tsars' immediate response was to stop riots and strikes but by this time the corrossion of the Tsarist system was complete, many realised that he had to go, including senior generals and ministers. He finally abdicated in 1917. In conclusion, I believe that the Russian revolution was going to happen sooner or later, it was inevitable. Many things thoughout the early 20th Century caused lack of faith with the Tsar and his government. Maybe if WWI had not occurred then I think that the revolution may have been delayed, but in all honesty I don't think that Russia could have gone on for much longer with the state it was in. She desperately needed economic, political and social reforms to help her survive, and that was not going to happen because the Tsarist government would not learn how to share power. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michelle Chasey ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why Was Russia Considered Backward in the Early 19th Century?

    Russia did not recognise the importance of educating its entire people as those in control were rich and comfortable. The social boundaries were also much stronger than most other countries, there were the rich and poor and they did not mix.

  2. Why was there a German revolution in 1918 and how far had it gone ...

    By the autumn of 1917, Germany faced a growing economic and military crisis and the people were close to starvation. However, Russia signed a treaty of Brest-Litovsk where Germany made many territorial gains from Russia. Even though Germany was now only fighting on one front, fresh enemy troops weakened her allies who eventually sought peace.

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    Because the Russians were used to autocracy, they did not object to it. Opposition groups stirred up the people and presented them with the chance of a better life - without autocracy or aristocracy. The activities of opposition groups (before and during WWI)

  2. 1917 Russian Revolution Perspective

    He is a very wanted man and we are extremely lucky in being able to find him." (Figure in a trench coat and big hat whispers "Over here.") "Thank you for joining us today Mr Kerensky. Is there anything that you would like to say to the people of Russia and the world?"

  1. With what justification has the period 1928-1939 been called 'Russian industrial revolution'.

    of sufficient foods and supplies, and unorganised structure detracted from its successfulness. In the first 5-year plan Stalin's demands placed on industries produced distinct accomplishments in new and existing industries, employment openings and the modernisation of Russia prompting people to call it an industrial revolution, [c10]however the frantic pace applied brought about high social cost (poor conditions)

  2. Stereotypes - The Russian Character.

    Russians are too soft on their children, spoiling them, trying to protect them from hardship; they keep them living at home after university and often support them financially during those years. It allows children to develop an easy dependence on their parents.

  1. Was there a revolution in Germany in 1918?

    which swept away the temporary government of Prince Max set up after the abdication of Kaiser. Certainly, there were notable changes in the upper layers of the society as well but mainly these were reactionary but not revolutionary. Moreover, we must note that a strong pillar cannot withstand the force

  2. Analyse how far WW1 caused the Russian Revolution.

    Furthermore, the book gave me several time periods where key events such as ?The Bloody Sunday? took place and briefly what happened during that event.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work