• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution inevitbale?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution inevitbale? Throughout the early 20th Century there seem to be many events which happened in Russia which built up tension and put pressure on the Tsarist Government. I personally think that the Russian revolution in 1917 was inevitable, no country could go on in the state that Russia was in without a revolution at some point. The revolution was going to happen sooner or later, and WW1 was the final straw, it sped up the reactions of people and made them realise that a revolution was needed due to the incompetence of the Tsar. Throughout this essay I shall look at events and aspects of Russia which I think helped cause the Russian Revolution. The revolution was the culmination of a long period of repression and unrest. From the time of Peter I (Peter the Great), the Tsardom increasingly became an autocratic bureaucracy that imposed its will on the people by force, with wanton disregard for human life and liberty. The road to the Russian revolution began with the end of the Crimean war in 1855, it was one of the many disastrousn military defeats that Russia was to see in her lifetime. Poor roads, antiquated weapons and low morale helped Russia lose, and defeat proved to the Tsarist autocracy that Russia was very far behind the rest of Europe. ...read more.

Middle

Teased by half-hearted reforms, dissatisfied peasants, intellectuals, professionals and even some liberal gentry sought greater freedom through revolutionary movements to overthrow the Tsarist Government. A wide variety of political groups secretly developed in Russia during the 19th Century and Alexander II was assassinated on 1st March 1881. This already shows political discontent and an unstable society in Russia. When Alexander III came to power he made the monarchy very unpoular with the development of "Russification". People were discriminated against if their mother tongue was not russian, and Jews faced many social, political and economic restrictions. In 1905, Nicholas II decided to share his power with the people. He set up the first of four Dumas. This can be seen as an indication that in the relatively near future there could be a major reform. By setting up the Duma the Tsar had allowed people to believe that change for the good was coming, however when there was no change people started to become disenchanted. The Tsar's main reason for setting up the Duma was to relieve short term political pressure that had been built up, this showed he was not committed to sharing long term political power with his people. As soon as the political tension had settled the Tsar dissolved the Duma. ...read more.

Conclusion

Many people suspected the Tsaritsa felt sympathetic towards the German enemy and the influence of Rasputen was resented. Urban food shortages were the immediate cause of the February revolution, and Nicholas II who was away at the front was unconcious of serious people unrest. Throughout his time at the front lines a revolution began, known as the February Revolution,1917. Demonstrations began calling for the Duma, as well as higher wages. A 1/4m people were now on strike and by the 26th February, 40 demonstrators had been killed. This caused absolute mayhem. The Tsars' immediate response was to stop riots and strikes but by this time the corrossion of the Tsarist system was complete, many realised that he had to go, including senior generals and ministers. He finally abdicated in 1917. In conclusion, I believe that the Russian revolution was going to happen sooner or later, it was inevitable. Many things thoughout the early 20th Century caused lack of faith with the Tsar and his government. Maybe if WWI had not occurred then I think that the revolution may have been delayed, but in all honesty I don't think that Russia could have gone on for much longer with the state it was in. She desperately needed economic, political and social reforms to help her survive, and that was not going to happen because the Tsarist government would not learn how to share power. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michelle Chasey ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    Some soldiers even began to fight against the Tsar, by joining the revolutionaries. This is illustrated well by source B, as you can see; the soldiers have mutinied and are waving a banner which reads 'Down with the monarchy'. Clearly the Tsar has gone wrong somewhere is members of his own army are fighting against him.

  2. Why Was Russia Considered Backward in the Early 19th Century?

    The Black Sea was essential to Russia's trading as it gave them access to Europe to trade. It was essential for Russia to trade as they had few towns and could not produce much of the materials they required. The Black Sea was controlled by Turkey which could hinder this trading.

  1. The Russian Revolution 1917

    were not very good at propaganda, and they did not choose their policies in a way that the Russian public found attractive. A lot of people would claim that it was in fact the failure of other parties which allowed the Bolsheviks to gain support - perhaps if one of

  2. Why was there a German revolution in 1918 and how far had it gone ...

    By the autumn of 1917, Germany faced a growing economic and military crisis and the people were close to starvation. However, Russia signed a treaty of Brest-Litovsk where Germany made many territorial gains from Russia. Even though Germany was now only fighting on one front, fresh enemy troops weakened her allies who eventually sought peace.

  1. Explain why there was an Industrial Revolution

    In summer they visited new holiday resorts such as Blackpool and Southend. Fresh food could be transported easily, to the benefit of both farmer and townspeople. Railways were also a strong impetus to further industrial growth. One important effect was reduced transport costs of raw materials and manufactured goods.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    Yet it was only at the end of the summer that the Leninists reaped the full harvest of their policy of opposition to the Provisional Government. In the Petrograd municipal elections in June the Bolsheviks received between 20 and 21 per cent of the votes; in August, when the Party

  1. The Russian Revolution - 3 Essays

    The army was also treated appallingly by their officers, which would have made the even less enthusiastic about fighting. The army was short of things like boots, rifles, ammunition, artillery and shells, so they did not stand much of a chance against the opposition.

  2. Analyse how far WW1 caused the Russian Revolution.

    (Ben Walsh 107) The Dumas were unsuccessful as it was heavily restricted, and with the rise of Rasputin in the court. Rasputin was infamous for being a drunkard and a womanizer. The image of the Tsar autocracy was being tainted with rumors of an affair between the Tsarina and Rasputin.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work