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Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution inevitbale?

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Question the nature of Russian society in the early 20th Century. Was a revolution inevitbale? Throughout the early 20th Century there seem to be many events which happened in Russia which built up tension and put pressure on the Tsarist Government. I personally think that the Russian revolution in 1917 was inevitable, no country could go on in the state that Russia was in without a revolution at some point. The revolution was going to happen sooner or later, and WW1 was the final straw, it sped up the reactions of people and made them realise that a revolution was needed due to the incompetence of the Tsar. Throughout this essay I shall look at events and aspects of Russia which I think helped cause the Russian Revolution. The revolution was the culmination of a long period of repression and unrest. From the time of Peter I (Peter the Great), the Tsardom increasingly became an autocratic bureaucracy that imposed its will on the people by force, with wanton disregard for human life and liberty. The road to the Russian revolution began with the end of the Crimean war in 1855, it was one of the many disastrousn military defeats that Russia was to see in her lifetime. Poor roads, antiquated weapons and low morale helped Russia lose, and defeat proved to the Tsarist autocracy that Russia was very far behind the rest of Europe. ...read more.


Teased by half-hearted reforms, dissatisfied peasants, intellectuals, professionals and even some liberal gentry sought greater freedom through revolutionary movements to overthrow the Tsarist Government. A wide variety of political groups secretly developed in Russia during the 19th Century and Alexander II was assassinated on 1st March 1881. This already shows political discontent and an unstable society in Russia. When Alexander III came to power he made the monarchy very unpoular with the development of "Russification". People were discriminated against if their mother tongue was not russian, and Jews faced many social, political and economic restrictions. In 1905, Nicholas II decided to share his power with the people. He set up the first of four Dumas. This can be seen as an indication that in the relatively near future there could be a major reform. By setting up the Duma the Tsar had allowed people to believe that change for the good was coming, however when there was no change people started to become disenchanted. The Tsar's main reason for setting up the Duma was to relieve short term political pressure that had been built up, this showed he was not committed to sharing long term political power with his people. As soon as the political tension had settled the Tsar dissolved the Duma. ...read more.


Many people suspected the Tsaritsa felt sympathetic towards the German enemy and the influence of Rasputen was resented. Urban food shortages were the immediate cause of the February revolution, and Nicholas II who was away at the front was unconcious of serious people unrest. Throughout his time at the front lines a revolution began, known as the February Revolution,1917. Demonstrations began calling for the Duma, as well as higher wages. A 1/4m people were now on strike and by the 26th February, 40 demonstrators had been killed. This caused absolute mayhem. The Tsars' immediate response was to stop riots and strikes but by this time the corrossion of the Tsarist system was complete, many realised that he had to go, including senior generals and ministers. He finally abdicated in 1917. In conclusion, I believe that the Russian revolution was going to happen sooner or later, it was inevitable. Many things thoughout the early 20th Century caused lack of faith with the Tsar and his government. Maybe if WWI had not occurred then I think that the revolution may have been delayed, but in all honesty I don't think that Russia could have gone on for much longer with the state it was in. She desperately needed economic, political and social reforms to help her survive, and that was not going to happen because the Tsarist government would not learn how to share power. ?? ?? ?? ?? Michelle Chasey ...read more.

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