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Questions on Hitlers rise to power.

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History Coursework a) The Sturm Ableitung was founded in 1921 when the Nazi party was led by Ernst R�hm. It was originally a voluntary, part time organisation, basically made up of thugs. Their purpose was to protect the then small party who felt vulnerable because of their extremist beliefs, so they would have to guard the meetings, and throw out anyone who may be causing trouble. The SA was made up mostly of unemployed ex-soldiers, such as the Friecorps, a group of right wing soldiers who had tried to stage a coup, called the Kapp putsch, in 1920. They were given brown shirts, jackboots, and swastikas to wear. This uniform gave the impression that they were well organised, and disciplined, and many people liked this idea of order among the chaos that was the Weimar Republic. Soon their job grew to disrupting other parties meetings, and attacking the communists, and also to raise funds for the party, but perhaps most importantly, they added and impressive military air to the Nazi rallies, and showed the order and good organisation that the Nazis were capable of. It was beneficial to the party when they disrupted opponents meetings, and had street battles with opponents, because this showed people that the Weimar government was losing control. ...read more.


Now everyone had something to blame on the government, the Allies and the Jews, and voted for him if they didn't want to lose all their possessions to the Communists. He appealed to those who had issues with the government, and before 1929, there were not many of these people. c) In 1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, as a result of a thirteen-year campaign of gathering support and deciding on policy. He had led the Nazi party since 1921, and his talent as a public speaker, and as a propagandist had been attracting a lot of attention. He first came to the public attention in any big way when he tried to seize power by force in 1923, in the Munich Putsch. In his trial after this, he delivered a brilliant speech in which he convinced the judge that it was no crime to try to take power from the 'November Criminals', and so was given a minimum sentence, of which he served only nine months out of the intended five years. He also could stir up the feelings of a crowd and was always able to adjust his policies so that he couldn't be criticised. It is true that not all this was purely Hitler's work, however, he did control the party very firmly, and had an influence over all the decisions. ...read more.


Therefore, I think that Hitler's genius as a politician was an extremely important factor in explaining the Nazi success of 1933, but it was not the only one. The Depression played a huge part, because it gave a reason for dissatisfaction with the government and with life in general, and Hitler was best able to appeal to those who were not happy with the way things were going. The scheming of von Papen and Hindenburg was how Hitler finally came to power, but by then it seemed inevitable. Within the Nazi party, the SA was crucial to the image of the party, and to undermining the government, but this was slightly influenced by Hitler. The same goes for the propaganda campaign, and the policies of the Nazis. Therefore, I think that Hitler's genius as a politician was not the factor in why he came to power, because without the Depression, or a similar economic or political collapse he would have never won the support of the masses that he did. However, I think that Hitler's genius as a politician was more important than the Depression, purely because of the fact that so much stemmed from him, and without Hitler, by 1933, the Nazi party would still have been a small, extremist party, with very little following. Hector Guinness 03/05/2007 ...read more.

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