• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

reagon and gorbachev

Extracts from this document...


Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan became president of the USA in 1981. He said "Russia is the evil empire". Reagan was committed to reducing taxation. In an attempt to cut back spending he was prepared to discuss arms limitations. In 1981 he offered 'zero option' which would mean both sides dismantling and removing all their weapons but Brezhnev refused. In December 1981 the USSR imposed martial law in Poland and Reagan showed his anger by stopping exports of high technology to the USSR. In 1982 strategic arms reduction talks began and this was also known as START but they soon became deadlocked. In the same year the USA announce plans for the strategic defense initiative which was also known as starwars. ...read more.


Gorbachev Gorbachev was around when the cold war ended in the late 1980's to early 1990's. Gorbachev believed in perestroika which meant economic restructuring. The cold war ended because the USSR ran out of money. By 1989 the Soviet Union was bankrupt. This was because of the cost of the arms race, the war in Afghanistan, the red army, the space race, the failings of the communist economic system and the cost of COMECON which was a massive drain on the Soviet Union's resources. The government couldn't afford to pay the wages of the red army and this meant that without the red army they could not stay in control of countries in the eastern bloc. ...read more.


Gorbachev was not prepared to use force to maintain communist control over the countries in the eastern bloc and to him the prospect of bloodshed was unacceptable. In 1989 all countries in the eastern block which had been occupied by the red army since WWII gained independence. In 1989 the Berlin wall was also torn down and this was the biggest symbol of the collapse of the cold war. On the third of December Bush and Gorbachev declared the cold war over. In 1991 the United States and the Soviet Union signed an agreement which made them reduce their stockpiles of nuclear warheads by about a third. START was signed in Moscow by Bush and Gorbachev. The pens they used to sign the treaty were made out of melted down SS-20 and Pershing II missiles. ?? ?? ?? ?? Deanna Pearson 11I ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. The Cold War

    support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures" (Avalon). The first "way of life" is democracy, and the second is communism. Truman is saying that it is the United States' duty to help those oppressed by Communism and to control the spread of it.

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    Black Muslims - advocated total separation of races and that there was a inherent superiority of the black race over the white race. * Spiritual leader of the Black Muslims was Elijah Muhammad, although the leading spokesman of the Black Muslims was Malcolm X.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work