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Reasons for increasing tension between Japan and USA before September 1941

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Introduction

Reasons for increasing tension between Japan and USA before September 1941 The story ended in august 1941 in fireballs over Hiroshima and Nagasaki had its beginning in centuries of Japanese history and tradition In the early decades of the 20th century Japan was no longer able to rely solely on itself for food and raw materials. For Japan to survive ad prosper, it would have to modernize and adopt western technology. However, for many Japanese nationalists, the way to achieve economic and political stature was to establish an empire in East Asia. Nationalists and the nations traditional warriors (the samurai) felt that Japan had been relegated to second-class status by the USA and Great Britain. This increased tensions and Japan felt the time was ripe to assert Japan its superior/superpower class. When the First World War broke out in August 1914, Japan soon joined her ally Britain, in declaring war on Germany. On the 7th September 1914, Japan took over Germany's interest in Shaunting province in china, including the important seaport of Tsingtao. ...read more.

Middle

These agreements especially favoured the Japanese because: * Her navy was developed exclusively in the pacific, whilst those of the United States and Britain operated throughout the World. * The Fact that naval bases had already been built in Japan that she would continue to dominate the Far East. Militarism dominated Japanese foreign policy when Emperor Hirohito was in reign. Militarism emphasised war as a way of solving problems. It gained in strength in Japan in the late 1920's and 1930's. Corruption among officials and politicians were commonplace. Ordinary Japanese had little reason to respect to respect their elected assembly. In any case many of the older Japanese disliked the idea of democracy. They preferred direct action rather than protracted debate. The Army grew in power throughout the government. The army demanded that the Japanese empire should grow, as the military believed that Japan was in great need of living space so the military put the government under pressure to take over the rest of China. ...read more.

Conclusion

Japan was condemned and ordered to leave Manchuria forthwith, but none of the member nations were prepared to back words with force. Their failure to do so paved the way for the later full scale Japanese invasion of china in 1937 and the development of military regime in Tokyo and Japan left the League of Nations in 1933. In the pacific, relations between the USA and Japan deteriorated when America aid to china led to a crisis which came to a head when Japanese forced Vichy France to let them use airfields and naval bays in French indo-china (now Vietnam). Japan was anxious that her supply of vital raw materials should not dry up and told France these bases were needed to protect her trade. The U.S Government suspected rightly that Japan were interested in the oilfields of the Dutch East Indies and rubber and tin producing areas of Malaya. Roosevelt retaliated by banning oil and petrol sales to Japan. While Japanese and US delegations talked the Japanese navy had secret preparations for an attack on the US naval base at Pearl Harbour. The new Prime minister General Hideki Tojo approved the attack on Pearl Harbour. ...read more.

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