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Reasons the Dardanelles campaign failed to achieve its military objectives.

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Which of the 4 reasons given below was most to blame for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign to achieve its military objectives? Explain you answer by referring to all 4 reasons. * An Ill Thought-out plan * Poor Command * Bad organisation * Inadequate forces and supplies from Britain The Dardanelles campaign was launched on 29th of February when Admiral Carden started bombardment of the Dardanelles defences. The aims of the campaign were to capture Constantinople so turkey would fall allowing Britain to send supplies to Russia who were fighting on the eastern front where they were steadily losing to the Germany. The plan was to get through the Dardanelles to knock out all the sea forts and other coastal defences all by a naval attack, this was re-thought and Churchill decided troops from the army were needed to knock out the defences while the navy bombarded the forts. After this, Constantinople needed to be taken out thus knocking turkey out of the war. ...read more.


Liman von Sanders had reorganised the Turks from a clumsy band of soldiers to an organised efficient army. The Turks had laid down mines to prevent ships getting through the Dardanelles - exactly what the British had planned to do: a purely naval attack. This would have a major effect on the campaign.. The biggest mistake the British made was to bombard the coastal defences for 10 minutes, this alerted the Turks and resulted in the Turks dedicating more men to sea defences and setting them into a more alert state readying them for an attack. The reason for the 10 minute bombardment was that the mines in place had not been cleared by the makeshift trawlers and the Turkish defence further in the straits was greater than expected. Poor Command: It had been mentioned by some members of the war council that only a combined effort of the navy and the army could have a hope of taking over, the war council (mainly Kitchener) ...read more.


Hamilton couldn't go with the troops to land because they were all dotted around and the mortality rate was very high, meaning he was no good to the troops dead. However staying on the warship with no communication is equally unintelligent. The loss of many lives in the April landings was a sore demoraliser which would serve an important role in the downfall of Gallipoli. When the troops landed they were subjected to heavy fire from the Turks above. The landing parties were separated so they could not make a combined push, again partly due to no communication and due to Hamilton's poor planning. Obviously disease was rife in Gallipoli as a result of the lack of fresh water, when Churchill had planned the campaign he had not thought about water supplies. De-salinated water was extremely bad tasting and did not do a lot to stop water born diseases. Wells on the peninsula were often polluted by the Turks to stop the British drinking from them. On one occasion a dead body was pulled up after people had commented that the water tasted 'funny'. ...read more.

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