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Reichstag fire coursework assignments

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Introduction

Reichstag fire coursework assignments Question 1 In the tense and strained period from 1920 to 1923 the Nazis gained support among extreme nationalists and anti-communists. The Nazis promised to deal with the crisis in Germany at the present time for example low employment, although people would consider that the Munich putsch was a failure, in his trial it gave him a stage in which to speak, and impress the judges which he did, and he emerged from it a much stronger figure. Hitler had the support of the army, so they could keep control over the country; they also had the support of the Bavarian sate government. In 1934-39 Hitler and the Nazis party planned to get complete control over Germany and to create racial Germany, Hitler used tactics and one of theses was propaganda. The Nazis begin to increase support during 1924-1929, because they were better organized, Goebbels increased the propaganda by producing posters. The practice was active throughout the whole of Germany. The Nazis started to get supported from farmers and skilled workers. They had a remarkable leader in Hitler. However the Weimar republic was getting better, people were getting more jobs and so forth. Other parties were more popular like social democrats. The great depression affected different people, for people who lost their jobs there was poverty, hunger and homelessness. Businessmen saw their businesses close. If they did manage to survive they saw their income fall- because in depression people had less money to spend, even on essentials like food and clothes. To make matters worse the government actually raised taxes to pay for looking after the increasing number of poor people; however they were not hit as badly as their workers or farmers. Young people in 1933 over half of all Germans between the ages between the ages of 16 and 30 were unemployed. Sixty per cent of new university graduates could not get a job. ...read more.

Middle

So in the end the fire seemed like a bonus to the Nazis to control the opposition. There have been many suspicions on who was to blame for the Reichstag fire, one theory is that Van Der Lubbe was acting as part of a communist plot, the Nazis had claimed that had found evidence in homes of many communists homes that they were targeting public buildings, another theory was that it was in fact the Nazis who started it themselves as part of a terror tactic and was able to uses Van Der Lube in order to blame the communist, Or of course that Van Der Lube was acting alone, not as part of a communist plot, throughout his trail he claimed this was the case, so Van Der Lubbe was found guilty and executed, but although he proceeded to claim he was guilty and acting alone, you cant believe his statement because he was very frail, gullible and had a poor intellect. Man who could have been pressured easily into given this statement. There are sources that suggest that the Nazi had planned it, like from a source from a chief of the German general staff, speaking at the Nuremberg war crimes trail, 1945, where he says the he heard with his own ears goerings say 'the only one who really knows about the Reichstag is I, because I set it on fire, Another person who had given evidence suggesting the same thing and was killed in Hitler's purge of the SA a year after the fire. The enabling act was important because the Nazi terror tactics reached a peak in the days after the Reichstag fire, which allowed thousands of political opponents were arrested, only the Nazis were aloud to campaign for the forthcoming election, a flood a propaganda was unleashed. They also taped telephones and executes without trail, People were still voting for communist, so this stops Hitler from getting majority vote and stops him getting an enabling act, so he ...read more.

Conclusion

The ministry of propaganda and enlightenment which was headed by Joseph Goeblels was to ensure that the Nazi message was successfully communicated through art, music, films, books etc. Films played an important role in disseminating racial anti-Semitism, portraying Jews as anti-human creatures trying to terminate the Aryan race. Geobles task was to coordinate every aspect of German life. This came to a point where it was un-heard of German people to outside information about the current situation in Germany. Geobles way for power was to only have Nazis journalist to write their newspapers, they told them what to print, and if they didn't obey they got fired. One of the things that helped Nazis to control Germany was by radio, they made radio's affordable to everybody, so everyone was able to get access to one, but the only stations they could listen to were German stations, which basically taught them what to do and say and control them like robots. Another way of control was film, they banned non-Nazi films, and they made special Nazi film. Geobles also used over forms of propaganda such as marches, rallies and to festivals to keep the people loyal, to make people feel important and part of the new Germany. They needed to be impressive. Also in culture Geobles stopped musician's, actors, writer's or artist from working, because many were thought to be unsuitable so they were banned, also music had to consist of German : folk songs, marching music and classical music artist such as Mozart, they did accept some popular music, but never jazz which was 'black' music and therefore racially inferior. They also made theatre's to only concentrate on German history and political drama, cheap theatre tickets were provided, but you could not choose which plays you wanted to see or when. Goebbels drew up a list of banned books which where removed by Gestapo from bookshops and libraries. In May 1933 the Nazis encouraged students to burn the books they believed were un-German and Jewish. Goebbels wanted books about race, war and the Nazi movement. ?? ?? ?? ?? Abisoye Alakija 10G ...read more.

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