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Reichstag Fire

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Introduction

Question 1 Source A shows the Reichstag on fire on the morning of 28th February. The morning after the fire was spotted. I think that if the fire has been burning all night this must have been a big fire. I think this because in the text it says "the morning of the 28th of February" and knowing that the fire was set the night before. This quote proves my point because if this wasn't a big fire it wouldn't still be burning in the morning. If this was the morning after why hasn't this been put out yet? I also think that it wasn't early in the morning. I think this because in the picture it shows lots of people out on the street. This image proves my point and proves that the fire was still burning until waking time of people 2 Source B is useful because it shows he admits his offence of arson shows the reason for him doing so. Van der Lubbe's reason for committing arson was because he "was inspired by political motives". This is useful because if Van der Lubbe wasn't inspired by political motives he wouldn't have decided to commit arson. ...read more.

Middle

Source E shows the official announcement about the Reichstag fire by the Prussian government. In this source it says "this act of incendiarism (arson) is the most monstrous act of terrorism so far carried out by communism in Germany" and "The burning of the Reichstag was to have been the signal for a bloody and civil war". The Nazis used this for propaganda to make the communists look bad. This is also why people voted against the communists because using propaganda to make the communists look like terrible people, they thought that the Nazis would be much better. The Nazis used the fire as an excuse to get other things done such as, banning political meetings, suspending freedom of speech, suspending freedom of assembly and freedom of press. Giving the police emergency powers made them able to detain people indefinitely without trial, search houses and confiscate property. As a result of all these the Nazis arrested opposition politicians and were arrested and imprisoned, they executed Communists and the enemies of the Nazis. And they even intimidated voters by watching over them as they crossed there ballot papers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler's youth, this was important because this made German teenagers from the age of 14-18 better fighters and made them more brave, it also made woman more athletic and made them a better wife for there husband but this didn't really help gain any control. Education, this was important because every part of the German schools curriculum was indoctrinating the pupils into believing that the Nazis are the best and are the most powerful, this didn't have a high amount of importance to do with the fire because the only thing that came out of it was indoctrinating them into believing that the communists were bad people. And the enabling act this was important because this is how Hitler gained full control. The Reichstag was important was important but out of all of these factors I believe that terror (SS/SA/Police/Gestapo) was most important into gaining control than the others because SA helped Hitler come to power by fighting against communists. The SS protected Hitler they were his private bodyguards all and the police were able to arrest people, also the police took control of things such as small law problems and arrests with people. ...read more.

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